Form of Government: Republic
Area: 644 329 sq km
Population: 11 193 729 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 17.37 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 12° - 3° N; long. 24° - 35° E
Capital: Juba (capital) 368 914 inhab. (2018);
Currency: South Sudanese pound (100 piastres)
Human development index: 0.433 (rank: 185)
President and head of government: Salva Kiir Mayardit (SPLM), since 9 July 2011
Internet: ssccse.org (Census, Statistics and Evaluation)
Member of AU, EAC, UN, WTO observer

South Sudan

South Sudan, Republic of South Sudan
Useful information

International license plate code SS
International dialling code 00211
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .ss

GMT  +3
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Juba 27.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Juba 28.5/25.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Juba 8/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Juba 966
Days of rainfall (annual average) Juba 92

Politics and current affairs

A new provisional National Assembly was appointed in May 2021, as required by the 2018 agreement.

Geography.
South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the south-east, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, as well as the Central African Republic to the west.
The landscape is a series of plateaux which have a higher elevation in the south-east. The highest peak is Mount Kinyeti (3187 m). There are vast areas covered with swamps and ponds. The Nile flows through the east of the country.
It has a tropical climate with alternating dry and humid seasons. Precipitation reduces from south to north.

Government


The country officially came into being on 9 July 2011, after seceding from Sudan. This was sanctioned by a referendum (9 January 2011) held in fulfilment of the peace agreements signed in 2005 between the Sudanese government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), whose military wing had been waging a war of independence for the southern regions of Sudan since 1983. In the wake of independence, territorial disputes were sparked with Sudan over the control of some oil-bearing areas on the border between the two countries, especially Abyei (where UN troops have been based following the agreement made on 30 June, 2011): open dialogue, facilitated by the African Union, improved the situation, albeit without leading to a lasting solution. In December 2013 ethnic conflict broke out among the militia between troops led by the ex-vice president Riek Machar, who belongs to the Nuer ethnicity, and troops faithful to President Kiir, who is of Dinka ethnicity. A power-sharing agreement was signed on 12 September 2018; on 22 February 2020, Machar was named as first vice president. According to the provisional 2011 Constitution, legislative power lies in the hands of a two-chamber Parliament, comprising a Council of States (50 members), and a National Assembly (250 members), each with a mandate of four years. Because of the conflict, legislative elections have been postponed several times and a provisional Assembly of 550 members (400 until 2021) remains in office.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2017
Military expenditure3.362% of GDP2019
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides13.9per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Juba368 914inhab.2018
Wau118 331inhab.2008
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate34.6532019
Death rate10.3422019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dinka38$%2008
Nuer17$%2008


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Christian60.5%2010
animist/traditional beliefs32.9%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Arabic
English (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years41.6%2020
15-29 years28.9%2020


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Economy


The valley of the White Nile is very fertile. The main crops are cereals (sorghum, maize, rice, millet and wheat), sugar-cane, fruit (mango, papaya and bananas), sesame, cotton, peanuts, cassava, and gum arabic. Livestock farming of sheep and cattle is important. The country has rich reserves of oil, which is extracted in the areas of Melut, Abu Jabra and Heglig and piped to refineries at Khartoum and Port Sudan. Chromite is also mined. Industry is very underdeveloped.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)106.52index2019
GDP4 074M US$2020
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 581 139units2020
Active population, Females49.4%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate12.7%2020
Unemployment rate, Females54$%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses194 500M LCU2018-19
Revenues216 300M LCU2018-19
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture56.9%2019
industry13.9%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.293%2019
industry51.868%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation100.987BN LCU2020
International reserves378.282M US$2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land4.368%2018
forests11.326%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total8181000 t2019
maize1031000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava572.5311000 t2019
roots and tubers, total636.3771000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages2.51000 t2013
carrots and turnips17$1000 t2013
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.1231000 t2019
beans, green1.2351000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts70.0521000 t2019
sesame seed208.1091000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute3.5151000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total583.3811000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits22.0111000 t2019
grapefruits184.3251000 t2013
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas6871000 t2013
dates432.11000 t2013
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize84.0831000 ha2019
millet3.7031000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava63.9441000 ha2019
taro20.681000 ha2014
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.381000 ha2013
carrots and turnips1.681000 ha2013
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.0421000 ha2019
beans, green0.2851000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts116.4411000 ha2019
sesame seed607.2261000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.041000 ha2019
grapefruits13.021000 ha2013
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas24.0241000 ha2013
dates36.2881000 ha2013
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber4 750 0002019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle13 143.3781000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes13 143.3781000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep18 614.31000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats13 580.1171000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses397.7871000 heads2019
asses and mules397.7871000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds15 0001000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter15.4821000 t2018
cheese158.9951000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes32 025t2019
total catch32 025t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil, crude8 106.31000 t2020
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal545.2M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation99.453%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1201000 kW2018
- other renew.0.551000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation548.2M kWh2018
total installed capacity120.551000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cottonseed oil6$1000 t2014
sesame oil28.2331000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production139.7M US$2016
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures513M US$2018
Receipts12$M US$2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Railways248km2018
Roads7 000km2012
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.018per 1000 pop.2019
Internet users79.774per 1000 pop.2017
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female60.381index2015
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Male85.308index2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level1 273 852units2015
Students, secondary level164 135units2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Physicians0.2per 1000 pop.2011
Public spending on health0.69% of GDP2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV2.5% of adults2019
Malaria4 064 662cases2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking0.64%2016
Access to electricity6.721%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing3$%2009
education1$%2009
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