Form of Government: Republic
Area: 644 329 sq km
Population: 12 323 419 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 19.13 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 12° - 3° N; long. 24° - 35° E
Capital: Juba (capital) 368 914 inhab. (2018);
Currency: South Sudanese pound (100 piastres)
Human development index: 0.388 (rank: 187)
President and head of government: Salva Kiir Mayardit (SPLM), since 9 July 2011
Internet: ssccse.org (Census, Statistics and Evaluation)
Member of AU, EAC, UN, WTO observer

South Sudan

South Sudan, Republic of South Sudan
Useful information

International license plate code SS
International dialling code 00211
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .ss

GMT  +3
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Juba 27.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Juba 28.5/25.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Juba 8/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Juba 966
Days of rainfall (annual average) Juba 92

Politics and current affairs

On 12 September 2018, a new agreement was signed between the government and rebel forces, led by R. Machar, for a lasting cease-fire.

Geography.
South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the south-east, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, as well as the Central African Republic to the west.
The landscape is a series of plateaux which have a higher elevation in the south-east. The highest peak is Mount Kinyeti (3187 m). There are vast areas covered with swamps and ponds. The Nile flows through the east of the country.
It has a tropical climate with alternating dry and humid seasons. Precipitation reduces from south to north.

Government


The country officially came into being on 9 July 2011, after seceding from Sudan. This was sanctioned by a referendum (9 January 2011) held in fulfilment of the peace agreements signed in 2005 between the Sudanese government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), whose military wing had been waging a war of independence for the southern regions of Sudan since 1983. In the wake of independence, territorial disputes were sparked with Sudan over the control of some oil-bearing areas on the border between the two countries, especially Abyei (where UN troops have been based following the agreement made on 30 June, 2011): open dialogue, facilitated by the African Union, improved the situation, albeit without leading to a lasting solution. In December 2013 ethnic conflict broke out among the militia between troops led by the ex-vice president Riek Machar, who belongs to the Nuer ethnicity, and troops faithful to President Kiir, who is of Dinka ethnicity. According to the provisional 2011 Constitution, legislative power lies in the hands of a two-chamber Parliament, comprising a Council of States (50 members), and a National Assembly (250 members), each with a mandate of four years. Because of the conflict, legislative elections have been postponed several times and a provisional Assembly of 400 members remains in office.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2017
Military expenditure2% of GDP2017
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides13.9per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Juba368 914inhab.2018
Wau118 331inhab.2008
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate35.62017
Death rate10.72017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dinka38%2008
Nuer17%2008


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Christian60.5%2010
animist/traditional beliefs32.9%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Arabic
English (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years42.3%2018
15-29 years28.5%2018


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Economy


The valley of the White Nile is very fertile. The main crops are cereals (sorghum, maize, rice, millet and wheat), sugar-cane, fruit (mango, papaya and bananas), sesame, cotton, peanuts, cassava, and gum arabic. Livestock farming of sheep and cattle is important. The country has rich reserves of oil, which is extracted in the areas of Melut, Abu Jabra and Heglig and piped to refineries at Khartoum and Port Sudan. Chromite is also mined. Industry is very underdeveloped.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
GDP3 929M US$2018
GDP annual growth rate-1.192%2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population5 523 789units2018
Active population, Females49.4%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate12.7%2018
Unemployment rate, Females54.2%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses101 700M LCU2017
Revenues100 800M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture49.6%2018
industry15.4%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.3%2017
industry50.6%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation41.52BN LCU2018
International reserves68.2M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land7.73%2015
forests20.05%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total7641000 t2017
maize921000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava132.8841000 t2017
roots and tubers, total191.5031000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages2.51000 t2013
carrots and turnips171000 t2013
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry1.5171000 t2017
beans, green1.1081000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts66.2561000 t2017
sesame seed204.0681000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute3.31000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total4401000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits19.4871000 t2017
grapefruits184.3251000 t2013
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas6871000 t2013
dates432.11000 t2013
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize88.8851000 ha2017
millet4.3231000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava86.0451000 ha2017
taro20.681000 ha2014
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.381000 ha2013
carrots and turnips1.681000 ha2013
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.4881000 ha2017
beans, green0.2541000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts114.8191000 ha2017
sesame seed628.6491000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.9671000 ha2017
grapefruits13.021000 ha2013
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas24.0241000 ha2013
dates36.2881000 ha2013
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber4 683 0002017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle11 837.51000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes11 837.51000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep17 823.3131000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats13 564.6341000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses370.5411000 heads2017
asses and mules370.5411000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds15 0001000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.7351000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter15.121000 t2014
cheese156.5651000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes33 020t2017
total catch33 020t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil, crude6 277.51000 t2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal410.78M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation99.515%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal801000 kW2016
- other renew.0.41000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation412.78M kWh2016
total installed capacity80.41000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cottonseed oil61000 t2014
sesame oil42.51000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production139.7M US$2016
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures108M US$2017
Receipts26M US$2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Railways248km2018
Roads7 000km2012
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.012per 1000 pop.2016
Internet users66.797per 1000 pop.2016
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female55index2015
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Male78index2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level27 248units2015
Teachers, secondary level5 974units2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Physicians0.2per 1000 pop.2011
Public spending on health1.1% of GDP2014
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV2.4% of adults2017
Malaria3 602 208cases2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking0.64%2016
Access to electricity25.382%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing3%2009
education1%2009
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