Form of Government: Republic
Area: 14 954 sq km
Population: 1 241 506 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 83.02 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 8° - 10° S; long. 125° - 127° E
Capital: Díli (capital) 281 135 inhab. (2018);
Currency: US dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.625 (rank: 132)
President: Francisco Guterres, known as Lu Olo (FRETILIN), elected 20 March 2017, in office since 20 May 2017
Prime Minister: José Maria de Vasconcelos, known as Taur Matan Ruak (PLP), since 22 June 2018
Parliament: seats based on the elections of 22 July 2017: FRETILIN, 23; CNRT (National Congress for Reconstruction), 22; PLP (People's Liberation Party), 8; PD (Democratic Party), 7; KHUNTO, 5
Internet: www.statistics.gov.tl (Direcção Geral de Estatística)
Member of UN, WTO observer

Timor-Leste (East Timor)

Timor-Leste, Timor Lorosa’e, República Democrática de Timor-Leste, Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa’e
Useful information

International license plate code TLS
International dialling code 00670
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side left
Internet code .tl

GMT  +9
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Dili 27.8
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Dili 28.5/26.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Dili 6/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Dili 872
Days of rainfall (annual average) Dili 68

Geography.
It occupies the eastern part of the island of Timor, with the exclave of Oecussi, the island of Atauro and the small uninhabited islet of Jaco. It is mostly mountainous.

Government


A Portuguese colony from the seventeenth century, on 28 November 1975 the Revolutionary Front for Independence (FRETILIN) proclaimed its autonomy, but the country was then occupied by the Indonesian army. Independence was proclaimed on 20 May 2002 after years of guerrilla warfare and the intervention of an international UN peacekeeping force (1999). The President has a largely formal role; the Prime Minister is answerable to Parliament.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army94%2015
Military expenditure0.9% of GDP2017
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3.9per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative division
MunicipalityAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Aileu676 sq km51 896 inhab.2017
Ainaro/Ainaru870 sq km64 616 inhab.2017
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Díli281 135inhab.2018
Baucau/Baukau17 357inhab.2015
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate282017
Death rate7.82017
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic97.6%2015
Protestant2%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Bahasa Indonesia
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years40.4%2018
15-29 years28.2%2018


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Economy


The most widespread activity is subsistence farming (potatoes and wheat), with some exports of coffee. There are significant offshore reserves of crude oil, with profits channeled into an investment fund. A large amount of the state balance is committed to developing the country’s lack of infrastructure.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)111.2index2016
Balance of trade- 517.8M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population291 623units2018
Active population, Females31.7%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate3%2018
Unemployment rate, Females41.1%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 183.4M LCU2017
Revenues335.2M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture50%2018
industry9.4%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture9.3%2017
industry57.6%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.018BN LCU2018
International reserves673.9M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land15.47%2015
forests46.13%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total187.1041000 t2017
maize100.2241000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava26.7611000 t2017
potatoes1.1921000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages2.6271000 t2017
cucumbers1.1381000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry9.3051000 t2017
beans, green2.5541000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts4.1621000 t2017
soybeans1.0331000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts9.1431000 t2017
copra21000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.1121000 t2017
cocoa0.1761000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total17.6721000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.9451000 t2017
oranges1.9451000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados4.931000 t2017
bananas0.5351000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize45.6311000 ha2017
rice28.9571000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava6.741000 ha2017
potatoes1.1151000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.2351000 ha2017
cucumbers0.1321000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry7.2891000 ha2017
beans, green2.3471000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts2.9831000 ha2017
soybeans0.7951000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts14.1081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa1.7761000 ha2017
coffee54.5061000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.2191000 ha2017
oranges0.2191000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.3931000 ha2017
bananas0.431000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber88 8732017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle205.8611000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes330.0691000 heads2017
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes124.2081000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs390.2541000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep45.2391000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats124.6451000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total52.9161000 heads2017
horses52.9161000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds9501000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.5711000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs1.111000 t2017
hides and skins0.4631000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs74t2017
freshwater fishes74t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas5 785M m³2017
oil, crude1 641.21000 t2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- other renew.0.61000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total installed capacity0.61000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.41000 t2014
vegetable oils0.41000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production24.8M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products64.004% of goods exports2017
agricultural raw materials25.057% of goods exports2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201847M US$ -
201724M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018565M US$ -
2017554M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures137M US$2017
Number of arrivals74 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet1units2012
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 000t2012
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers2.581per 1000 pop.2017
Internet users252.462per 1000 pop.2016
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.3years2010
Graduates4 923units2009
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level7 714units2011
Teachers, secondary level4 441units2011
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending11% of total expenses2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds5.9per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians0.6per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malaria30cases2017
Tuberculosis498per 100 000 pop.2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking6.92%2016
Access to electricity80.380%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear2.2%2007
education0.9%2007
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