Form of Government: Republic
Area: 14 954 sq km
Population: 1 280 743 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 85.65 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 8° - 10° S; long. 125° - 127° E
Capital: Díli (capital) 281 135 inhab. (2018);
Currency: US dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.606 (rank: 141)
President: Francisco Guterres, known as Lu Olo (FRETILIN), elected 20 March 2017, in office since 20 May 2017
Prime Minister: José Maria de Vasconcelos, known as Taur Matan Ruak (PLP), since 22 June 2018
Parliament: seats based on the elections of 22 July 2017: FRETILIN, 23; CNRT (National Congress for Reconstruction), 22; PLP (People's Liberation Party), 8; PD (Democratic Party), 7; KHUNTO, 5
Internet: www.statistics.gov.tl (Direcção Geral de Estatística)
Member of UN, WTO observer

Timor-Leste (East Timor)

Timor-Leste, Timor Lorosa’e, República Democrática de Timor-Leste, Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa’e
Useful information

International license plate code TLS
International dialling code 00670
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side left
Internet code .tl

GMT  +9
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Dili 27.8
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Dili 28.5/26.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Dili 6/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Dili 872
Days of rainfall (annual average) Dili 68

Geography.
It occupies the eastern part of the island of Timor, with the exclave of Oecussi, the island of Atauro and the small uninhabited islet of Jaco. It is mostly mountainous.

Government


A Portuguese colony from the seventeenth century, on 28 November 1975 the Revolutionary Front for Independence (FRETILIN) proclaimed its autonomy, but the country was then occupied by the Indonesian army. Independence was proclaimed on 20 May 2002 after years of guerrilla warfare and the intervention of an international UN peacekeeping force (1999-2005). The President has a largely formal role; the Prime Minister is answerable to Parliament.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army94$%2015
Military expenditure1.049% of GDP2019
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3.9per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative division
MunicipalityAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Aileu676 sq km51 896 inhab.2017
Ainaro/Ainaru870 sq km64 616 inhab.2017
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Díli281 135inhab.2018
Baucau/Baukau17 357inhab.2015
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate29.2842019
Death rate5.9432019
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic97.6%2015
Protestant2$%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Bahasa Indonesia
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years39.9%2020
15-29 years28.1%2020


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Economy


The most widespread activity is subsistence farming (potatoes and wheat); coffee exports are important. There are significant offshore reserves of crude oil, with profits channeled into an investment fund. Remittances from migrant workers are fundamental to the economy.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)111.2index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)99.26index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population559 603units2020
Active population, Females45.6%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.1%2020
Unemployment rate, Females61.9%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 158M LCU2018
Revenues228.9M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture44.5%2019
industry9.7%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture14.131%2019
industry29.261%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.023BN LCU2020
International reserves656.524M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land15.467%2018
forests62.132%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1561000 t2019
maize76$1000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava21.5331000 t2019
potatoes1.3781000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages2.7171000 t2019
cucumbers1.4811000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry10.9821000 t2019
beans, green3.7961000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts4.281000 t2019
soybeans1.0151000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts7.4961000 t2019
copra2$1000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.1181000 t2019
cocoa0.1861000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total18.1111000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.0641000 t2019
oranges2.0641000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados5.0141000 t2019
bananas0.4491000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize31.8031000 ha2019
rice24.9781000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava5.4311000 ha2019
potatoes1.6321000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.2191000 ha2019
cucumbers0.1651000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry7.8531000 ha2019
beans, green4.1081000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts3.5591000 ha2019
soybeans0.6841000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts11.5871000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa1.8821000 ha2019
coffee123.0771000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.2381000 ha2019
oranges0.2381000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.4091000 ha2019
bananas1.1121000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber81 2342019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle213.2351000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes339.3011000 heads2019
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes126.0661000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs393.8691000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep42.5931000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats66.5041000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total50.7771000 heads2019
horses50.7771000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds9041000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.5911000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs1.1021000 t2019
hides and skins0.3211000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs74.777t2019
freshwater fishes114t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas5 104.6M m³2019
oil, crude698.31000 t2020
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Energy

Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- other renew.1$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total installed capacity1$1000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.81000 t2018
vegetable oils0.81000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production29.563M US$2019
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products64.004% of goods exports2017
agricultural raw materials25.057% of goods exports2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202043$M US$ -
2019154M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020499M US$ -
2019591M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures110M US$2019
Number of arrivals74 800units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet1$units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 134t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.464per 1000 pop.2019
Internet users274.927per 1000 pop.2017
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.3years2010
Graduates4 923units2009
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level212 849units2018
Students, secondary level155 832units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending11$% of total expenses2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds5.9per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians0.93per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2019
Malaria9$cases2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking12.6%2019
Access to electricity94.716%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear2.2%2007
education0.9%2007
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