Form of Government: Republic
Area: 14 954 sq km
Population: 1 221 133 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 81.66 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 8° - 10° S; long. 125° - 127° E
Capital: Dili (capital) 244 584 inhab. (2015);
Currency: US dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.605 (rank: 133)
President: Francisco Guterres, known as Lu Olo (FRETILIN), elected 20 March 2017, in office since 20 May 2017
Prime Minister: José Maria de Vasconcelos, known as Taur Matan Ruak (PLP), since 22 June 2018
Parliament: seats based on the elections of 22 July 2017: FRETILIN, 23; CNRT (National Congress for Reconstruction), 22; PLP (People's Liberation Party), 8; PD (Democratic Party), 7; KHUNTO, 5
Internet: www.statistics.gov.tl (Direcção Geral de Estatística)
Member of UN, WTO observer

Timor-Leste (East Timor)

Timor-Leste, Timor Lorosa’e, República Democrática de Timor-Leste, Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa’e
Useful information

International license plate code TLS
International dialling code 00670
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side left
Internet code .tl

GMT  +9
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Dili 27.8
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Dili 28.5/26.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Dili 6/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Dili 872
Days of rainfall (annual average) Dili 68

Geography.
It occupies the eastern part of the island of Timor, with the exclave of Oecussi, the island of Atauro and the small uninhabited islet of Jaco. It is mostly mountainous.

Government


A Portuguese colony from the seventeenth century, on 28 November 1975 the Revolutionary Front for Independence (FRETILIN) proclaimed its autonomy, but the country was then occupied by the Indonesian army. Independence was proclaimed on 20 May 2002 after years of guerrilla warfare and the intervention of an international UN peacekeeping force (1999). The President has a largely formal role; the Prime Minister is answerable to Parliament.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army94%2015
Military expenditure1.5% of GDP2016
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3per 100 000 pop.2013
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Administrative division

Administrative division
MunicipalityAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Aileu676 sq km50 773 inhab.2016
Ainaro870 sq km64 245 inhab.2016
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dili244 584inhab.2015
Baucau17 357inhab.2015
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate28.52016
Death rate7.92016
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic97.6%2015
Protestant2%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Bahasa Indonesia
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years40.9%2017
15-29 years27.9%2017


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Economy


The most widespread activity is subsistence farming (potatoes and wheat), with some exports of coffee. There are significant offshore reserves of crude oil, with profits channeled into an investment fund. A large amount of the state balance is committed to developing the country’s lack of infrastructure.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)111.2index2016
Balance of trade- 745M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population283 460units2017
Active population, Females31.7%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate3.4%2017
Unemployment rate, Females41.5%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 732.7M LCU2015
Revenues372.3M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture25%2017
industry15.2%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture7%2016
industry69.2%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.015BN LCU2017
International reserves544.4M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land15.47%2015
forests46.13%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total195.5641000 t2016
maize113.6141000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava27.4861000 t2016
potatoes0.3251000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages2.561000 t2016
cucumbers1.1031000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry7.4081000 t2016
beans, green2.4621000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts4.1321000 t2016
soybeans1.0431000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts9.1441000 t2016
copra21000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.1111000 t2016
cocoa0.1721000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total17.6721000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.8861000 t2016
oranges1.8861000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados4.9211000 t2016
bananas0.571000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize52.6671000 ha2016
rice27.011000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava6.9071000 ha2016
potatoes0.2491000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.2391000 ha2016
cucumbers0.1311000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry6.0471000 ha2016
beans, green2.8191000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts3.0441000 ha2016
soybeans0.8021000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts14.2311000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa1.7261000 ha2016
coffee53.2181000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.2161000 ha2016
oranges0.2161000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.381000 ha2016
bananas0.3571000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber92 9802016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle229.0241000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes368.6961000 heads2016
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes139.6721000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs418.4811000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep29.5881000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats137.8951000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total52.1431000 heads2016
horses52.1431000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds9291000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.5711000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs1.1091000 t2016
hides and skins0.4631000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs74t2016
freshwater fishes54t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas7 700M m³2016
oil, crude2 010.91000 t2017
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.41000 t2014
vegetable oils0.41000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production18.1M US$2016
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures36.7% of goods exports2013
agricultural raw materials32.6% of goods exports2013
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201735M US$ -
201620.045M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017780M US$ -
2016775M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures118M US$2016
Number of arrivals66 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet1units2012
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 000t2012
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers2.581per 1000 pop.2017
Internet users252.462per 1000 pop.2016
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.3years2010
Graduates4 923units2009
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level7 714units2011
Teachers, secondary level4 441units2011
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending11% of total expenses2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds5.9per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians0.5per 1000 pop.2014
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malaria95cases2016
Tuberculosis498per 100 000 pop.2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking6.92%2016
Access to electricity63.394%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear2.2%2007
education0.9%2007
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