Area: 6 020 sq km
Population: 4 915 349 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 816.50 inhab./sq km
Capital: Jerusalem=Al-Quds (capital) 281 163 inhab. (2017);
Currency: Israeli shekel, Jordanian dinar, US dollar, euro
Human development index: 0.686 (rank: 119)
President of the Palestinian National Authority: Maḥmūd ‘Abbās, “Abū Māzin” (Fatḥ), since 9 January 2005
Prime Minister: Muḥammad Ishtayya (Fatḥ), since 10 March 2019
Internet: www.pcbs.gov.ps (Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics)
Member of Arab League, OIC, UN permanent observer

Palestinian Administered Territories

Useful information

GMT  +2
DST  +3
DST duration (start-end) late March-late September



Politics and current affairs

With the agreements signed in the years 1993-2000, Israel officially recognized the Palestinian National Authority’s right to govern in the Gaza Strip and in certain areas of the West Bank (the cities of Jericho, Hebron, Nablus and Bethlehem), accounting for 47% of the overall territory (but Israel still reserves the right to intervene in the territories for “reasons of security”). Since 2002 a “security” wall has stood in the West Bank. It is 465 km long and follows the border after the 1967 conflict, albeit with large deviations favouring Israel. Since 5 July 1994 the PNA has had its own political and administrative system, with a President (elected by direct suffrage), a Prime Minister and a Legislative Council (88 members, increased to 132 in 2005). The state of war and the construction of the wall have severely restricted the freedom of movement of Palestinian citizens with serious social and economic repercussions.
On 25 January 2006, in the legislative elections in the Palestinian territories, Arafat’s party, Fatḥ, was beaten for the first time by the radical Islamist party, Ḥamās, which, after having taken control of the government with Ismā‘īl Haniyya (29 March 2006), renewed their refusal to recognize the state of Israel’s role in the Palestinian state. Israel and the international community have imposed a boycott, including an economic boycott on the Palestinian territories under the Ḥamās government ever since (Israel collects taxes and customs charges on behalf of the PNA), putting the fragile administration in very difficult situation. This has served to strengthen Ḥamās’ leadership, and it has now taken total control of the Gaza Strip (June 2007), expelling the Fatḥ military and political forces. In turn Fatḥ has severed all contact with Ḥamās, taking control of the political system in the West Bank. After having assumed a political role, Ḥamās found itself having to take on the opposition, at times armed, of the most extremist factions, as well as an unstable economic situation. On 23 April 2014, a reconciliation was announced between Fatḥ and Ḥamās, which led to the formation of a Palestinian government of national unity (2 June), in view of new elections, then indefinitely postponed; even a new agreement signed on 12 October 2017 has remained unenforceable.
On 29 November 2012, the General Assembly of the United Nations gave credit to Palestine as a non-member observer State, triggering bitter protests by Israel and the disappointment of the USA, which had voted against it.

Government

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides0.7per 100 000 pop.2016
Police personnel15.9per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Jerusalem=Al-Quds281 163inhab.2017
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate29.42017
Death rate2.52017
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years39.3%2018
15-29 years30%2018


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Economy

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)87.48index2016
Balance of trade-4 789M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population1 325 426units2018
Active population, Females21%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate30.2%2018
Unemployment rate, Females35.3%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses4 695.7M LCU2017
Revenues4 764.6M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture6.7%2018
industry31.1%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.4%2017
industry22.9%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
International reserves537.85M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land24.58%2015
forests1.52%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley15.6421000 t2017
cereals, total51.3891000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes56.9121000 t2017
roots and tubers, total60.6711000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.0141000 t2016
cabbages20.0291000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green7.2861000 t2017
broad beans, dry0.261000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes39.1241000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives95.281000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0191000 t2017
sesame seed0.2791000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.3311000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.8931000 t2017
apricots1.1121000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds4.271000 t2017
walnuts0.1581000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits18.7591000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes0.951000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.6541000 t2017
bananas2.8081000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley7.8441000 ha2017
sorghum0.2661000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes1.5651000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.1151000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.0181000 ha2016
cabbages0.5851000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.4211000 ha2017
broad beans, dry0.2741000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape5.0811000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive63.5281000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0031000 ha2017
sesame seed0.3891000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.4641000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.1931000 ha2017
apricots0.4531000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds2.5531000 ha2017
walnuts0.0331000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.1151000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes0.1261000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0271000 ha2017
bananas0.0971000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle40.2541000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes40.2541000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep747.881000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2151000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds8 0201000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.4281000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cheese6.2531000 t2014
eggs251000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs563t2017
freshwater fishes32t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- other renew.588M kWh2016
- thermal505M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1401000 kW2016
- other renew.301000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 093M kWh2016
total installed capacity1701000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive oil14.71000 t2018
vegetable oils14.71000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production61.6M US$2012
food, beverages and tobacco production358.7M US$2016
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures65.301% of goods exports2016
food products27.646% of goods exports2016
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20171 065M US$ -
2016926M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20175 854M US$ -
20165 364M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures773M US$2017
Number of arrivals503 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Motor vehicles214 927units2012
Motor vehicles per 1000 pop.50.1per 1000 pop.2012
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers75.456per 1000 pop.2017
Computers54.6per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.8years2017
Graduates44 290units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level19 298units2017
Teachers, secondary level37 466units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending17.8% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.3per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians1.8per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)33per 100 000 pop.2005
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums33units2018
Museums, visitors336 623units2018
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.49% of GDP2013
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2017
Access to improved drinking-water source85%2010
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