Form of Government: Republic
Area: 3 355 sq km
Population: 372 486 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 111.02 inhab./sq km
Capital: Nicosia=Lefkoşa (capital) 61 378 inhab. (2011);
Currency: new Turkish lira (100 kuruş)
President: Ersin Tatar (UBP), in office since 23 October 2020
Prime Minister: Ersan Saner (UBP), since 9 December 2020
Internet: www.devplan.org (TRNC State Planning Organization)
Member of  OIC observer

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
Useful information



Politics and current affairs

On 20 July 1974, following an attempt on the part of the Greek military junta then in power to “bring Cyprus back into the bosom of the Greek homeland”, Turkish troops occupied the north of the island. On 13 February 1979, a “Turkish Cypriot Federal State” was proclaimed which, on 15 November 1983, became the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (not recognized by the international community). The presidential elections of 11 October 2020 were won by former Prime Minister Ersin Tatar, a nationalist and pro-Erdogan, opposed to unification.

Administrative division

Administrative division
DistrictAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Girne690 sq km69 163 inhab.2011
Güzelyurt381 sq km30 037 inhab.2011
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Nicosia=Lefkoşa61 378inhab.2011
Famagusta=Gazimağusa40 920inhab.2011
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Population

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate12.92017
Death rate4.72017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Cypriot66.5%2011
Turk28.1%2011


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim (Sunni)97$%2011
other3$%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Turkish
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Economy


The Turkish Cypriot economy is based on agriculture (cereals, vegetables, olives and citrus fruits) and is relevant the role of public administration. The per-capita income is lower than that of the Republic of Cyprus, which provides employment for tens of thousands of commuters from across the border.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Balance of trade-1 715.5M US$2018
GDP3 800M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population132 411units2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.9%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses5 452.3M LCU2018
Revenues5 464.9M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.7%2018
industry16.1%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture6.2%2018
industry14.3%2018
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Agriculture

Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley148.91000 t2004
wheat9.41000 t2004
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes7.41000 t2004
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes2.91000 t2004
eggplants1.41000 t2004
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carobs2.91000 t2004
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes1.71000 t2004
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives5.81000 t2004
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits139.61000 t2004
grapefruits25.21000 t2004
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle47.91000 heads2004
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep194.51000 heads2004
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats51.31000 heads2004
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4 105.81000 heads2004
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018100.8M US$ -
2017105.6M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 816.3M US$ -
20171 778.4M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals1 759 625units2018
Receipts912M US$2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Motor vehicles111 436units2001
Passenger cars98 974units2001
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Mobiles2.357per 1000 pop.2018
Telephone lines227per 1000 pop.2018
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Illiteracy rate, adult6.5%2000
Students52 219units2010-11
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.1per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians2$per 1000 pop.2013
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Electricity consumption per capita4 000kWh2018
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