Form of Government: Republic
Area: 3 355 sq km
Population: 335 455 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 99.99 inhab./sq km
Capital: Nicosia=Lefkoşa (capital) 61 378 inhab. (2011);
Currency: new Turkish lira (100 kuruş)
President: Mustafa Akıncı (TDP), since 30 April 2015
Prime Minister: Tufan Erhürman (CTP), since 7 January 2018
Internet: www.devplan.org (TRNC State Planning Organization)
Member of  OIC observer

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
Useful information



Politics and current affairs

On 20 July 1974, following an attempt on the part of the Greek military junta then in power to “bring Cyprus back into the bosom of the Greek homeland”, Turkish troops occupied the north of the island.
On 13 February 1979, a “Turkish Cypriot Federal State” was proclaimed which, on 15 November 1983, became the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (not recognized by the international community). The elections of January 7, 2018 were won by the UBP (centre-right), which however was excluded by the new majority, composed of 4 parties.

Administrative division

Administrative division
DistrictAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Girne690 sq km69 163 inhab.2011
Güzelyurt381 sq km30 037 inhab.2011
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Nicosia=Lefkoşa61 378inhab.2011
Famagusta=Gazimağusa40 920inhab.2011
TOP

Population

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate13.32016
Death rate4.62016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Cypriot66.5%2011
Turk28.1%2011


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim (Sunni)97%2011
other3%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Turkish
TOP

Economy


The Turkish Cypriot economy is based on agriculture (cereals, vegetables, olives and citrus fruits) and is relevant the role of public administration. The per-capita income is lower than that of the Republic of Cyprus, which provides employment for tens of thousands of commuters from across the border.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Balance of trade1 650M US$2014
GDP4 040M US$2014
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population103 149units2014
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate8.3%2014
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses3 635.4M LCU2014
Revenues3 207.9M LCU2014
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.9%2014
industry17.4%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture8.2%2014
industry17.7%2014
TOP

Agriculture

Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley148.91000 t2004
wheat9.41000 t2004
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes7.41000 t2004
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes2.91000 t2004
eggplants1.41000 t2004
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carobs2.91000 t2004
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes1.71000 t2004
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives5.81000 t2004
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits139.61000 t2004
grapefruits25.21000 t2004
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle47.91000 heads2004
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep194.51000 heads2004
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats51.31000 heads2004
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4 105.81000 heads2004
TOP

Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2014133.9M US$ -
2013120.7M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20141 784.3M US$ -
20131 699.4M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals1 366 007units2014
Receipts691.6M US$2015
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Motor vehicles111 436units2001
Passenger cars98 974units2001
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Mobiles1 706per 1000 pop.2014
Telephone lines318per 1000 pop.2014
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Illiteracy rate, adult6.5%2000
Students52 219units2010-11
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds6.4per 1000 pop.2013
Physicians2per 1000 pop.2013
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Electricity consumption per capita4 161kWh2016
TOP