Form of Government: China's Special Administrative Region
Area: 1 081.5 sq km
Population: 7 391 700 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 6 834.67 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 22° N; long. 114° E
Capital: 
Currency: Hong Kong dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.917 (rank: 12)
Chief Executive: Carrie Lam, elected 26 March 2017, in office since 1 July 2017
Legislative Council: seats based on the elections of 4 September 2016: pro-PRC parties, 40; democratic parties, 23; localist parties, 6; independent, 1
Internet: www.censtatd.gov.hk (Census and Statistics Department)
Member of APEC, WTO

Hong Kong

Hong Kong, Xianggang
Useful information

GMT  +8
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Hong Kong 22.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Hong Kong 15.5/28.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Hong Kong 5/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Hong Kong 2217
Days of rainfall (annual average) Hong Kong 107

Government


State system.
Until 1 July 1997, Hong Kong was a British colony, comprising the island of Hong Kong (ceded to Britain by China under the Treaty of Nanjing in 1842), in the South China Sea opposite the south-east coast of China, the Kowloon Peninsula (ceded in 1863) and the territory behind it which, together with 236 largely uninhabited islands, form the so-called New Territories (rented to Britain in 1898 for 99 years). The border with the Chinese province of Guangdong is the River Sham Chun. According to the agreement signed in Beijing on 19 December 1984, on 1 July 1997, Hong Kong was given back to the People’s Republic of China. It was attributed special administrative status, known as the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR), and there was a commitment on the part of the PRC to keep the social and economic system as it was under British administration for another 50 years. According to Hong Kong Basic Law, the region is governed by a Chief Executive, who is elected for five years by a committee of 1200 members (mostly supporters of the government in Beijing). He appoints the Executive Council (consisting of 30 members, 15 of whom are chosen from among the officials of the institutions with executive functions). There is also a Legislative Council of 70 members, half of them elected for four years by means of proportional representation (the other 35 members are appointed by professional and trade associations). On 26 February 1999, the Court of Final Appeal, Hong Kong’s highest court of jurisdiction, established that it was not competent to judge the decisions of the Beijing government and that the Chinese parliament has exclusive competence when it comes to interpreting Hong Kong Basic Law.

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Administrative division

Administrative division
DistrictAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Central and Western12.5 sq km244 600 inhab.2017
Eastern18 sq km551 500 inhab.2017
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Victoria (Xianggang)978 423inhab.2016
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Population.
The enclaves of non-Chinese ethnic minorities include groups of Asians (Indonesians and Filipinos) as well as British, US and Australian citizens.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate8.32016
Death rate6.42016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chinese92.3%2016
Filipino2.5%2016


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
nonreligious/atheist56.1%2010
Buddhist13.2%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Cantonese
Chinese
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years12.2%2017
15-29 years16.7%2017


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Economy


The fundamental sector of the economy is the services sector, which provides employment for over two-thirds of the active population. Hong Kong is one of the largest hubs of international trade and also one of Asia’s most important financial centres, with a highly efficient banking system and an important stock exchange. Commercial banks in Hong Kong have been investing heavily in mainland China, especially in the industrial cities of Guangdong (Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Zhuhai). The per-capita income of Hong Kong is one of the highest in the world. Fishing is an important industry (especially in Shaukiwan and Aberdeen), and fish farms are also widespread. Much of industry is geared to exports, particularly high-quality products with high technological content. After Hong Kong was reunited with China, some of its industrial production facilities were moved to China. Tourism is an important source of income, with most visitors coming from China, Japan and Taiwan.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)59.24index2016
Balance of trade-39 636M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population3 952 213units2017
Active population, Females49%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate3.2%2017
Unemployment rate, Females44.3%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses466 686M LCU2016
Revenues559 521M LCU2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.2%2017
industry13%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.1%2016
industry7.2%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation2 214BN LCU2016
International reserves386 294.1M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land80.39%2015
meadows & pastures19.61%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total01000 t2016
rice01000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
roots and tubers, total0.0471000 t2016
sweet potatoes0.0471000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.6081000 t2016
cucumbers1.851000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.2951000 t2016
peas, green0.4331000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copra11000 t2003
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total4.9841000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.0311000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rice01000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sweet potatoes0.0031000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0251000 ha2016
cucumbers0.091000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.0311000 ha2016
peas, green0.0591000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber83 0042016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle1.651000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes1.9721000 heads2016
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.3221000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs152.1391000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep0.0211000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats0.6981000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total1.5371000 heads2016
horses1.5371000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1 5321000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.2661000 t2016
hides and skins1.2171000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs13 388t2016
freshwater fishes1 540t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal35 648.56M kWh2015
- other renew.106M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal12 6251000 kW2015
- other renew.0.81000 kW2012
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation35 754.56M kWh2015
total installed capacity12 6251000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Precision and optical instruments
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
watches and clocks5 029 000no.2007
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
notebooks9 300no.2006
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap11000 t2004
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cotton fabrics199.8M m²2005
cotton yarn39.81000 t2007
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear504 000pairs2004
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley351000 t2014
coconut oil0.41000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper1801000 t2016
paper1801000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 9001000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production331M US$2014
food, beverages and tobacco production1 082.3M US$2014
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Trade


Main exports (M US$ - 2017) electronic integrated circuits and microassemblies 113 098, electrical and electronic equipment 92 527, telecommunications equipment 76 045, gold 52 202, computers and accessories 44 914, machinery 22 539, jewels and precious stones 17 840, diamonds 17 147, optical and electro-medical appliances 17 015, apparel and accessories 13 733, plastics and articles thereof 10 638, watches 8 370, toys and sports equipment 7 316, leather goods 4 771, meat 3 163, footwear 2 901, glass 2 691, cosmetics 2 566, iron and steel 2 309

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures62.984% of goods exports2016
food products17.305% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China297 928M US$2017
United States42 452M US$2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China262 810M US$2017
Singapore37 695M US$2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017550 272M US$ -
2016516 734M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017589 908M US$ -
2016547 336M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures24 194M US$2016
Number of arrivals26 553 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown337 700 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried45 580.31000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers359.238per 1000 pop.2017
Computers693per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling16.3years2016
Gradautes, percentage15.8%2006
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level24 931units2016
Teachers, secondary level30 063units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending14.4% of total expenses2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds5.2per 1000 pop.2015
Physicians1.9per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)58per 100 000 pop.2008
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.79% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2016
Alcohol consumption per capita2.9litres2009
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