Area: 541 sq km
Population: 163 873 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 302.91 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 13° N; long. 145° E
Capital: Agaña=Hagåtña (chief town) 1 081 inhab. (2017);
Currency: US dollar (100 cents)
Governor: Lourdes Leon Guerrero (Democratic Party), since 7 January 2019
Internet: //prism.spc.int (Prism)
Member of  SPC

Guam

Guam, Guåhån
Useful information

GMT  -10
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Guam 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Guam 25.5/26.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Guam 6.5/4.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Guam 2560
Days of rainfall (annual average) Guam 220

Politics and current affairs

Geography.
Guam is an island in Micronesia, in the western Pacific Ocean, the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands. The island is of volcanic origin, mountainous and is surrounded by coral reefs. It has a hot, fairly humid climate.

Guam was ceded to the USA by Spain in 1898. Since 1950, it has had the status of “Unincorporated territory” of the USA and is ruled by a Governor who is elected directly for four years. The Legislature has 15 members who are elected every two years. The territory sends one non-voting member to the US House of Representatives. Guam is a strategic air and naval base for the USA.

Administrative division

Administrative division
MunicipalityAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Agana Heights3 sq km3 916 inhab.2017
Agat27 sq km5 056 inhab.2017
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dededo6 386inhab.2010
Machanao5 930inhab.2010
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate16.72017
Death rate5.12017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chamorro37.3%2017
Filipino26.3%2017


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic75%2010
Protestant17.7%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Chamorro (official)
English (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years27.5%2018
15-29 years23.8%2018


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Economy


Economy.
The economy is based on tourism and subsistence farming, which employs most of the active population.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)78index2016
Balance of trade- 816M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population80 991units2018
Active population, Females40.3%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.6%2018
Unemployment rate, Females40.6%2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.3%2018
industry14.8%2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land18.52%2015
forests46.3%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.0511000 t2017
maize0.0511000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
roots and tubers, total2.6131000 t2017
sweet potatoes0.1281000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1151000 t2017
cucumbers0.4071000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts35.9341000 t2017
copra1.91000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total2.6851000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.1931000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes0.1161000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.3541000 t2017
mangoes0.0831000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0191000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sweet potatoes0.0231000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cucumbers0.0161000 ha2017
onions, dry0.0091000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts7.851000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.0151000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle0.1561000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes0.2471000 heads2017
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.0911000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs5.6061000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats0.8531000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.0631000 heads2017
horses0.0631000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2931000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0171000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.731000 t2017
hides and skins0.0011000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs11t2017
freshwater fishes70t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 656M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation96.167%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal5251000 kW2016
- other renew.351000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 722M kWh2016
total installed capacity5601000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil1.21000 t2014
vegetable oils1.21000 t2014
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201834M US$ -
201733M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018850M US$ -
2017640M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals1 544 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 172.41000 units2009
Merchant fleet3units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers18.637per 1000 pop.2014
Internet users770.1per 1000 pop.2016
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Illiteracy rate, adult0.2%2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1per 1000 pop.2013
Physicians1per 1000 pop.2013
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2017
Access to improved drinking-water source100%2010
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