Area: 9 044 sq km
Population: 3 285 874 inhab. (census 2020)
Density: 363.32 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 18° N; long. 67° - 65° W
Capital: San Juan (chief town) 312 975 inhab. (2020); San Juan 2 119 072 inhab. (2020), urban agglomeration
Currency: US dollar (100 cents)
Governor: Pedro Pierluisi Urrutia (New Progressive Party), since 2 January 2021
Internet: //estadisticas.pr (Instituto de Estadísticas)

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
Useful information

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) San Juan 26.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) San Juan 24.5/28
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) San Juan 8.5/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) San Juan 1280
Days of rainfall (annual average) San Juan 151

Politics and current affairs

Geography.
Puerto Rico is an island of the Greater Antilles. The Atlantic lies off its north coast and the Caribbean Sea off its south coast. It is separated from the island of Hispaniola by the Mona Passage. The main mountain range is the Cordillera Central. There are broad, flat strips of land between the mountains and the sea. It has a tropical climate.

Formerly a Spanish possession, the island of Puerto Rico was ceded to the USA in 1898. Since 1952, it has been an unincorporated territory of the USA, and has a delegate to the House of Representatives in Washington in the form of a non-voting Resident Commissioner. The Commissioner is elected directly for four years, as is the Governor, the local House of Representatives (51 members) and the Senate (at least 27 members). With the referendum on 11 June 2017, residents of Puerto Rico decided to become the 51st US state, but the result is not binding. Puerto Ricans are US citizens, but do not have the right to vote in US presidential elections. There is a military base on the island of Vieques.

Government

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides18.5per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
San Juan312 975inhab.2020
Bayamón170 480inhab.2018
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
San Juan2 119 072inhab.2020
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate7.32017
Death rate8.92017
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic69.7%2010
Protestant25.1%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Spanish (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years14.2%2020
15-29 years19.5%2020


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Economy


Economic instability culminated in 2017 with a de facto bankruptcy, caused by the impossibility of sustaining the exorbitant public debt. Added to this were the damage of a hurricane in September 2017 and the pandemic in 2020. The main crops are sugar cane (from which rum is also produced), coffee and bananas. In addition to the transformation industry, there are textile factories (at Ponce), engineering, chemical and pharmaceutical plants (at Guayanilla, Bayamón and Ponce), paper, glass and cement works (Ponce, San Juan). Mayagüez is the centre of the embroidery industry. Between San Juan and Humacao there are many factories making toys and artificial flowers. Tourism is another important source of income.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)102.21index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)94.31index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population1 009 583units2020
Active population, Females42.9%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate11.2%2020
Unemployment rate, Females32.6%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses28 600M LCU2014
Revenues29 600M LCU2014
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1$%2019
industry15.6%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.686%2019
industry50.701%2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land7.463%2018
forests55.846%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.1111000 t2019
maize0.0381000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.171000 t2019
roots and tubers, total5.2121000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.2891000 t2019
chillies and peppers2.6521000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.0121000 t2019
beans, green0.1561000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.6021000 t2019
copra1$1000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee3.0781000 t2019
ginger0.1091000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0$1000 t2014
tobacco0.0011000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total215.9061000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits13.6921000 t2019
grapefruits0.6711000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.4671000 t2019
bananas75.3131000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.011000 ha2019
rice0.0521000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0421000 ha2019
sweet potatoes0.0581000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0091000 ha2019
chillies and peppers0.3771000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.0221000 ha2019
beans, green0.0761000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.2131000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee4.8851000 ha2019
ginger0.0211000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0$1000 ha2014
tobacco0.0011000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.7541000 ha2019
grapefruits0.0291000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.1591000 ha2019
bananas1.2611000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle359.4891000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes359.4891000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs45.1021000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep7.3661000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2.8381000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses2$1000 heads2019
asses and mules4.6341000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds15 5721000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0441000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs14.9851000 t2019
hides and skins0.6021000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs980.663t2019
freshwater fishes8$t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal16 751M kWh2018
- other renew.1 176.57M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal5 4061000 kW2018
- other renew.2511000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation17 965.63M kWh2018
total installed capacity5 7551000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol487.51000 t2009
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.61000 t2014
spirits and liqueurs0.1111000 hl2015
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 0001000 t2020
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production22 688.9M US$2006
food, beverages and tobacco production3 124M US$2006
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201860 564M US$ -
201771 102M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201845 856M US$ -
201746 204M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures893M US$2018
Number of arrivals3 180 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Motor vehicles2 361 544units2010
Motor vehicles per 1000 pop.634per 1000 pop.2010
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers207.93per 1000 pop.2019
Computers8.4per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling15.9years2016
Graduates37 187units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level208 544units2018
Students, secondary level218 923units2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.4per 1000 pop.2011
Physicians2$per 1000 pop.2004
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)1.4per 100 000 pop.2008
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.429% of GDP2015
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2019
Access to improved drinking-water source97.125%2017
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