Area: 9 044 sq km
Population: 3 337 177 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 368.99 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 18° N; long. 67° - 65° W
Capital: San Juan (chief town) 337 288 inhab. (2017); San Juan 2 112 005 inhab. (2017), urban agglomeration
Currency: US dollar (100 cents)
Governor: Ricardo Rosselló (New Progressive Party), since 2 January 2017
Internet: www.estadisticas.gobierno.pr (Instituto de Estadísticas)

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
Useful information

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) San Juan 26.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) San Juan 24.5/28
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) San Juan 8.5/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) San Juan 1280
Days of rainfall (annual average) San Juan 151

Politics and current affairs

Geography.
Puerto Rico is an island of the Greater Antilles. The Atlantic lies off its north coast and the Caribbean Sea off its south coast. It is separated from the island of Hispaniola by the Mona Passage. The main mountain range is the Cordillera Central. There are broad, flat strips of land between the mountains and the sea. It has a tropical climate.

Formerly a Spanish possession, the island of Puerto Rico was ceded to the USA in 1898. Since 1952, it has been an unincorporated territory of the USA, and has a delegate to the House of Representatives in Washington in the form of a non-voting Resident Commissioner. The Commissioner is elected directly for four years, as is the Governor, the local House of Representatives (51 members) and the Senate (at least 27 members). With the referendum on 11 June 2017, residents of Puerto Rico decided to become the 51st US state, but the result is not binding. Puerto Ricans are US citizens, but do not have the right to vote in US presidential elections. There is a military base on the island of Vieques.

Government

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides15.9per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
San Juan337 288inhab.2017
Bayamón179 565inhab.2017
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
San Juan2 112 005inhab.2017
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate92016
Death rate8.12016
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic69.7%2010
Protestant25.1%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Spanish (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years15.8%2017
15-29 years20.5%2017


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Economy


Economic instability culminated in 2017 with a de facto bankruptcy, caused by the impossibility of sustaining the exorbitant public debt. In addition, a hurricane in September 2017 caused extensive damage. The main crops are sugar cane (from which rum is also produced), coffee and bananas. In addition to the transformation industry, there are textile factories (at Ponce), engineering, chemical, pharmaceutical and petrochemical works (at Guayanilla, Bayamón and Ponce), and cement, paper and glass factories. Mayagüez is the centre of the embroidery industry. Between San Juan and Humacao there are many factories making toys and artificial flowers. Tourism is another important source of income.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)102.21index2016
Balance of trade-26 158M US$2015
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population1 164 528units2017
Active population, Females42.1%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate11.7%2017
Unemployment rate, Females34.7%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses28 600M LCU2014
Revenues29 600M LCU2014
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.1%2017
industry16.6%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.8%2016
industry50.4%2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land12.51%2015
forests55.92%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.4551000 t2016
maize0.2931000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2241000 t2016
roots and tubers, total6.9651000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.5181000 t2016
chillies and peppers3.1191000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.0151000 t2016
beans, green0.1491000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.8311000 t2016
copra11000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee3.7151000 t2016
ginger0.1461000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane01000 t2014
tobacco0.0011000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total243.7121000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits14.2121000 t2016
grapefruits0.6751000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.9771000 t2016
bananas76.3181000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0951000 ha2016
rice0.0481000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0361000 ha2016
sweet potatoes0.0621000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0211000 ha2016
chillies and peppers0.2271000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.0131000 ha2016
beans, green0.0681000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.1541000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee6.9861000 ha2016
ginger0.0191000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane01000 ha2014
tobacco0.0011000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.7741000 ha2016
grapefruits0.0221000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.3711000 ha2016
bananas1.5671000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle370.6251000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes370.6251000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs43.7671000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep6.5981000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2.5791000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses21000 heads2016
asses and mules4.6061000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds15 0401000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0061000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs11.51000 t2016
hides and skins1.1331000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1 208t2016
freshwater fishes8t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal19 881M kWh2015
- other renew.239M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal5 8001000 kW2015
- other renew.2181000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation20 321M kWh2015
total installed capacity6 1181000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol487.51000 t2009
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.61000 t2014
spirits and liqueurs0.1111000 hl2015
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement4001000 t2017
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production22 688.9M US$2006
food, beverages and tobacco production3 124M US$2006
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201569 391M US$ -
201462 457M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201543 233M US$ -
201442 476M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures1 091M US$2016
Number of arrivals3 736 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Motor vehicles2 361 544units2010
Motor vehicles per 1000 pop.634per 1000 pop.2010
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers180.201per 1000 pop.2017
Computers8.4per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling15.6years2015
Graduates52 299units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level18 028units2015
Teachers, secondary level14 749units2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.4per 1000 pop.2011
Physicians2per 1000 pop.2004
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)1.4per 100 000 pop.2008
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.43% of GDP2015
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2016
Alcohol consumption per capita4.96litres2014
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