Area: 9 044 sq km
Population: 3 195 153 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 353.29 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 18° N; long. 67° - 65° W
Capital: San Juan (chief town) 320 967 inhab. (2018); San Juan 2 023 237 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: US dollar (100 cents)
Governor: Wanda Vázquez Garced (New Progressive Party), since 7 August 2019
Internet: //estadisticas.pr (Instituto de Estadísticas)

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
Useful information

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) San Juan 26.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) San Juan 24.5/28
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) San Juan 8.5/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) San Juan 1280
Days of rainfall (annual average) San Juan 151

Politics and current affairs

Geography.
Puerto Rico is an island of the Greater Antilles. The Atlantic lies off its north coast and the Caribbean Sea off its south coast. It is separated from the island of Hispaniola by the Mona Passage. The main mountain range is the Cordillera Central. There are broad, flat strips of land between the mountains and the sea. It has a tropical climate.

Formerly a Spanish possession, the island of Puerto Rico was ceded to the USA in 1898. Since 1952, it has been an unincorporated territory of the USA, and has a delegate to the House of Representatives in Washington in the form of a non-voting Resident Commissioner. The Commissioner is elected directly for four years, as is the Governor, the local House of Representatives (51 members) and the Senate (at least 27 members). With the referendum on 11 June 2017, residents of Puerto Rico decided to become the 51st US state, but the result is not binding. Puerto Ricans are US citizens, but do not have the right to vote in US presidential elections. There is a military base on the island of Vieques.

Government

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides18.5per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
San Juan320 967inhab.2018
Bayamón170 480inhab.2018
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
San Juan2 023 237inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate7.32017
Death rate8.92017
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic69.7%2010
Protestant25.1%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Spanish (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years15.2%2018
15-29 years20.2%2018


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Economy


Economic instability culminated in 2017 with a de facto bankruptcy, caused by the impossibility of sustaining the exorbitant public debt. In addition, a hurricane in September 2017 caused extensive damage. The main crops are sugar cane (from which rum is also produced), coffee and bananas. In addition to the transformation industry, there are textile factories (at Ponce), engineering, chemical and pharmaceutical plants (at Guayanilla, Bayamón and Ponce), paper, glass and cement works (Ponce, San Juan). Mayagüez is the centre of the embroidery industry. Between San Juan and Humacao there are many factories making toys and artificial flowers. Tourism is another important source of income.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)102.21index2016
Balance of trade26 158M US$2015
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population1 127 144units2018
Active population, Females41.3%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate11.4%2018
Unemployment rate, Females31.5%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses28 600M LCU2014
Revenues29 600M LCU2014
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.4%2018
industry17.1%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.8%2017
industry50.9%2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land12.51%2015
forests55.92%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.2481000 t2017
maize0.1641000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2151000 t2017
roots and tubers, total6.2231000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.5921000 t2017
chillies and peppers3.1181000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.0221000 t2017
beans, green0.1271000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.0661000 t2017
copra11000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee3.8681000 t2017
ginger0.1251000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane01000 t2014
tobacco0.0011000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total243.7121000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits15.3191000 t2017
grapefruits1.4781000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados1.3131000 t2017
bananas73.7551000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0591000 ha2017
rice0.0211000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0331000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.0661000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0231000 ha2017
chillies and peppers0.2071000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.0291000 ha2017
beans, green0.0681000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.2871000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee6.9371000 ha2017
ginger0.0181000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane01000 ha2014
tobacco0.0011000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.8961000 ha2017
grapefruits0.0451000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.5011000 ha2017
bananas1.461000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle372.5241000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes372.5241000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs42.3151000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep7.0591000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2.8421000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses21000 heads2017
asses and mules4.6251000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds15 4581000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0061000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs11.7571000 t2017
hides and skins1.1331000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1 033t2017
freshwater fishes8t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal20 570M kWh2016
- other renew.311M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal5 9341000 kW2016
- other renew.2601000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation20 951M kWh2016
total installed capacity6 2941000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol487.51000 t2009
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.61000 t2014
spirits and liqueurs0.1111000 hl2015
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement7001000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production22 688.9M US$2006
food, beverages and tobacco production3 124M US$2006
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201860 564M US$ -
201771 102M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201845 856M US$ -
201746 204M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures1 035M US$2017
Number of arrivals3 797 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Motor vehicles2 361 544units2010
Motor vehicles per 1000 pop.634per 1000 pop.2010
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers180.201per 1000 pop.2017
Computers8.4per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.3years2016
Graduates37 187units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level16 810units2016
Teachers, secondary level13 753units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.4per 1000 pop.2011
Physicians2per 1000 pop.2004
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)1.4per 100 000 pop.2008
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.43% of GDP2015
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2017
Alcohol consumption per capita4.96litres2014
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