Area: 498 sq km
Population: 39 790 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 79.90 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 22° - 21° N; long. 72° - 71° W
Capital: Cockburn Town (chief town) 133 inhab. (2012);
Currency: US dollar (100 cents)
Premier: Sharlene Cartwright-Robinson (PDM), since 20 December 2016
Internet: www.gov.tc/stats (Statistics Department)
Member of  Caricom associated

Turks and Caicos Islands

Turks and Caicos Islands
Useful information

GMT  -5
DST  -4
DST duration (start-end) mid March (Sunday 9)-early November



Politics and current affairs

Formerly a dependency of Jamaica, the country is now a British overseas territory with an autonomous government.

Geography.
The two coral island groups are situated in the Atlantic Ocean southeast of the Bahamas. The Turks Islands include Grand Turk, Salt Cay and numerous smaller islands. The Caicos Islands, six main islands and 16 smaller islands, lie off the southernmost tip of the Bahamas.

Government

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides5.9per 100 000 pop.2014
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Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Grand Turk30 sq km4 831 inhab.2012
Middle Caicos136 sq km168 inhab.2012
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Honda Road4 446inhab.2012
Five Cays3 592inhab.2012
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate13.92017
Death rate3.12017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black84.9%2012
other6.4%2012


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Baptist25.7%2012
Church of God17.2%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years21.6%2018
15-29 years21.5%2018


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Economy

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
GDP1 022.31M US$2018
GDP annual growth rate5.282%2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.2%2007
industry24.3%2007
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.6%2017
industry11%2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land1.05%2015
forests36.21%2015
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber1 1722017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs2 075.5t2017
marine fishes30t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal235M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation100%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal821000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation235M kWh2016
total installed capacity821000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production7.5M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures80.7% of goods exports2012
food products15.9% of goods exports2012
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
200514.7M US$ -
200412.2M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2005301M US$ -
2004221M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures6.7M US$2016
Number of arrivals416 400units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet4units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage919t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Mobiles1 002.277per 1000 pop.2004
Ratio of mobile to fixed telephone lines8.604units2016
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Graduates107units2015
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female92index2005
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level292units2015
Teachers, secondary level210units2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.3per 1000 pop.2006
Public spending on health6% of GDP2006
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)40per 100 000 pop.2008
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2017
Access to improved drinking-water source100%2010
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