Area: 308 sq km
Population: 5 633 inhab. (census 2016)
Density: 18.29 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 16° S; long. 6° W
Capital: Jamestown (chief town) 629 inhab. (2016);
Internet: www.sainthelena.gov.sh (Saint Helena Government)

Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Useful information

GMT  0
DST  not applied


Politics and current affairs

A volcanic island in the central southern Atlantic Ocean discovered by the Portuguese in 1502, Saint Helena (122 km², pop. 4534 in 2016) was governed by the east India Company from 1659 before becoming a colony with its own governor in 1834. The island was used as a place of detention for Napoleon Bonaparte, who lodged at Longwood and eventually died there. Saint Helena also includes Ascension Island (88 km², pop. 806 in 2016, capital Georgetown) located 1100 km to the north-west, and Tristan da Cunha (98 km², pop. 293 in 2016) with the two nearby islands (uninhabited) of Inaccessible (10 km²) and Nightingale (2 km²) and the remoter island of Gough (Diego Alvarez, 91 km²). All these islands are volcanic.

Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Ascensione88 sq km806 inhab.2016
Sant’Elena122 sq km4 534 inhab.2016
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Jamestown629inhab.2016
Georgetown450inhab.2008
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate6.22016
Death rate82016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mulatto - % -
black - % -
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Anglican83.8%2016
other8.8%2016


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years16%2017
15-29 years17.5%2017


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Economy

Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture50%2008
industry and services50%2008
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land10.26%2014
forests5.13%2014
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle0.6651000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes0.6651000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs0.6221000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep0.3621000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats1.091000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.4151000 heads2016
asses and mules0.4151000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds81000 heads2016
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs420t2016
marine fishes469t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation100%2015
- thermal10M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal81000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation10M kWh2015
total installed capacity81000 kW2015
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
200578.3M US$ -
200416M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
200555.7M US$ -
200439.5M US$ -
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet2units2012
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage2 000t2012
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers333.829per 1000 pop.2016
Internet users376per 1000 pop.2012
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Social and welfare

Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Alcohol consumption per capita6.6litres2008
CO2 emissions0.011M t2015
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