Area: 6.8 sq km
Population: 33 701 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 4 956.03 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 36° N; long. 5° W
Capital: 
Currency: Gibraltar pound (100 pence), pegged at par to the pound sterling
Chief Minister: Fabian Picardo (GSLP), since 9 December 2011
Internet: www.gibraltar.gov.gi (Government of Gibraltar)

Gibraltar

Gibraltar
Useful information

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October



Politics and current affairs

Gibraltar was occupied by British military forces in 1704 and officially ceded to the United Kingdom by Spain with the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. Under its Constitution (30 May 1969), the British Crown is represented by the Governor of Gibraltar. The government answers to an elected parliament. In 1963, Spain began petitioning to regain sovereignty over the area, but in 1967 the people of Gibraltar voted overwhelmingly in favour of remaining under British sovereignty. On 19 April 2000 the United Kingdom and Spain signed an agreement granting the people of Gibraltar the same status as EU inhabitants.
In a new referendum in 2002, the people preferred again to remain under British sovereignty. At the 24 June 2016 referendum, 95% of voters in Gibraltar chose to stay in the EU. The preliminary agreement between the UK and Spain should guarantee Gibraltar’s stay in the Schengen Area.

Geography.
Gibraltar, a promontory on the Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula, is a calcareous mass rising to a maximum height of 426 m with steep slopes to the east and north.

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate14.72015
Death rate7$2015
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic72.1%2012
Anglican7.7%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Spanish
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years19.7%2020
15-29 years21.4%2020


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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other land100%2018
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marine fishes1$t2019
total catch1$t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal202.1M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation100%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal43$1000 kW2018
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation202.1M kWh2018
total installed capacity43$1000 kW2018
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2016307M US$ -
2004108.4M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2016830M US$ -
2004292M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals7 490 441units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet202units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 660 413t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers578.529per 1000 pop.2019
Internet users944.445per 1000 pop.2016
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female108.938index2019
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Male106.633index2019
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level2 889units2019
Students, secondary level2 157units2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2019
Access to improved drinking-water source100%2017
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