Area: 6.8 sq km
Population: 34 571 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 5 083.97 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 36° N; long. 5° W
Capital: 
Currency: Gibraltar pound (100 pence), pegged at par to the pound sterling
Chief Minister: Fabian Picardo (GSLP), since 9 December 2011
Internet: www.gibraltar.gov.gi (Government of Gibraltar)

Gibraltar

Gibraltar
Useful information

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October



Politics and current affairs

Gibraltar was occupied by British military forces in 1704 and officially ceded to the United Kingdom by Spain with the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. Under its Constitution (30 May 1969), the British Crown is represented by the Governor of Gibraltar. The government answers to an elected parliament. In 1963, Spain began petitioning to regain sovereignty over the area, but in 1967 the people of Gibraltar voted overwhelmingly in favour of remaining under British sovereignty. On 19 April 2000 the United Kingdom and Spain signed an agreement granting the people of Gibraltar the same status as EU inhabitants.
In a new referendum in 2002, the people preferred again to remain under British sovereignty. At the 24 June 2016 referendum, 95% of voters in Gibraltar chose to stay in the EU. Following the outcome of the UK’s referendum, Spain’s demands are a thorny part of the negotiations.

Geography.
Gibraltar, a promontory on the Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula, is a calcareous mass rising to a maximum height of 426 m with steep slopes to the east and north.

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate14.72015
Death rate72015
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic72.1%2012
Anglican7.7%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Spanish
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years20.3%2018
15-29 years22.2%2018


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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other land100%2015
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber02017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marine fishes1t2017
total catch1t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal238.76M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation100%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal431000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation238.76M kWh2016
total installed capacity431000 kW2016
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2004108.4M US$ -
200390.1M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2004292M US$ -
2003286.1M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals7 490 441units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet250units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage2 232 351t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers502.531per 1000 pop.2017
Internet users944.444per 1000 pop.2016
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level200units2017
Teachers, secondary level147units2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2017
Alcohol consumption per capita2.6litres2009
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