Area: 12 173 sq km
Population: 3 200 inhab. (census 2016)
Density: 0.26 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 51° - 53° S; long. 62° - 57° W
Capital: Stanley (chief town) 2 460 inhab. (2016);
Currency: Falkland Islands pound (100 pence), pegged at par to the pound sterling
Internet: www.falklands.gov.fk (Falkland Islands Government)

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
Useful information

GMT  -4
DST  -3
DST duration (start-end) all year in 2014



Politics and current affairs

An archipelago controlled by the United Kingdom since 1833, to which Argentina lays claim, which sought to win back militarily with a disastrous campaign in 1983. In the institutional referendum of 10/11 March 2013, the inhabitants chose to maintain their status as a British overseas territory.

Geography.
An island group in the south-west Atlantic Ocean situated 450 km off the coast of Argentina. There are two main islands (West Falkland or Gran Malvina, and East Falkland or Soledad) as well as 100 smaller islands.
The mostly mountainous islands with indented coastlines are swept by strong, cold winds.

Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
East Falkland (Soledad)6 605 sq km3 009 inhab.2016
other islands1 036 sq km40$ inhab.2016
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Stanley2 460inhab.2016
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Population

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Females47.2%2016
Males52.8%2016
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Christian57.1%2016
nonreligious/atheist35.4%2016


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English
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Economy


Economy.
The economy is mainly based on livestock farming, especially sheep, and fishing. There is an important wool industry.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)96.39index2016
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate1$%2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
meadows & pastures93.804%2018
other land6.196%2018
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber9352019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle4.1941000 heads2018
cattle and buffaloes4.1941000 heads2018
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs0.0461000 heads2018
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep699.3971000 heads2018
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total1.1911000 heads2018
horses1.1911000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4$1000 heads2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hides and skins0.1761000 t2018
meat0.9471000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs73 461.2t2019
marine fishes12 316.1t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation65.99%2018
renewable electricity generation34.01%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal7$1000 kW2018
- other renew.2.391000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation19.7M kWh2018
total installed capacity9.391000 kW2018
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2005170M US$ -
2004131M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
200562$M US$ -
200484.8M US$ -
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet2$units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage6 215t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers325.945per 1000 pop.2017
Internet users990.152per 1000 pop.2016
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Social and welfare

Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
CO2 emissions0.046M t2018
CO2 emissions per capita14.503t2018
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