Area: 12 173 sq km
Population: 3 200 inhab. (census 2016)
Density: 0.26 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 51° - 53° S; long. 62° - 57° W
Capital: Stanley (chief town) 2 460 inhab. (2016);
Currency: Falkland Islands pound (100 pence), pegged at par to the pound sterling
Internet: www.falklands.gov.fk (Falkland Islands Government)

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
Useful information

GMT  -4
DST  -3
DST duration (start-end) all year in 2014



Politics and current affairs

An archipelago controlled by the United Kingdom since 1833, to which Argentina lays claim, which sought to win back militarily with a disastrous campaign in 1983. In the institutional referendum of 10/11 March 2013, the inhabitants chose to maintain their status as a British overseas territory.

Geography.
An island group in the south-west Atlantic Ocean situated 450 km off the coast of Argentina. There are two main islands (West Falkland or Gran Malvina, and East Falkland or Soledad) as well as 100 smaller islands.
The mostly mountainous islands with indented coastlines are swept by strong, cold winds.

Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
East Falkland (Soledad)6 605 sq km3 009 inhab.2016
other islands1 036 sq km40 inhab.2016
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Stanley2 460inhab.2016
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Population

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Females47.2%2016
Males52.8%2016
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Christian57.1%2016
nonreligious/atheist35.4%2016


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English
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Economy


Economy.
The economy is mainly based on livestock farming, especially sheep, and fishing. There is an important wool industry.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)96.39index2016
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate1%2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
meadows & pastures92.31%2015
other land7.69%2015
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber8612017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle4.2011000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes4.2011000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs0.0451000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep699.6431000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total1.1471000 heads2017
horses1.1471000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds41000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hides and skins0.1621000 t2013
meat0.8751000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs57 590t2017
freshwater fishes1t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation52.631%2016
renewable electricity generation47.368%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal91000 kW2016
- other renew.3.11000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation19M kWh2016
total installed capacity12.11000 kW2016
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2005170M US$ -
2004131M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
200562M US$ -
200484.8M US$ -
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet3units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage10 243t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers553.264per 1000 pop.2016
Internet users990.152per 1000 pop.2016
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Social and welfare

Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
CO2 emissions0.044M t2016
CO2 emissions per capita13.748t2016
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