Form of Government: China's Special Administrative Region
Area: 30.5 sq km
Population: 653 100 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 21 413.12 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 22° N; long. 113° E
Capital: 
Currency: pataca (100 avos)
Chief Executive: Fernando Chui Sai On, since 20 December 2009
Internet: www.dsec.gov.mo (Direcção dos Serviços de Estatística e Censos)
Member of  WTO

Macau

Macau, Aomen
Useful information

GMT  +8
DST  not applied


Politics and current affairs

A Portuguese trading colony since 1557, Macau was declared an overseas territory in 1954. In 1976 it was given special independent administrative status. As established by an agreement drawn up in 1987, on 20 December 1999, Macau was returned to China. For 50 years it will have a high degree of autonomy, similar to that of Hong Kong.
It comprises the island of Macau (8.7 km²) and the city of the same name, as well as the islands of Taipa and Coloane.

Administrative division

Administrative division
ParishAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Nossa Senhora de Fátima3.2 sq km246 600 inhab.2017
Santo António1.1 sq km137 200 inhab.2017
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Macau520 700inhab.2017
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.12017
Death rate3.32017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chinese88.4%2016
other Asian4.7%2016


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Buddhist80%2006
nonreligious/atheist15%2006


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Chinese
Portuguese
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years14.1%2017
15-29 years20%2017


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Economy


Economy.
The economy is based on the manufacturing and construction industries. Another important factor in the local economy is the number of casinos on the island, attracting large numbers of tourists.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)90index2016
Balance of trade-8 045M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population382 379units2017
Active population, Females49.1%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2%2017
Unemployment rate, Females36.5%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses61 618.6M LCU2017
Revenues117 907.8M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.5%2017
industry20.6%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
industry6.6%2015
services93.4%2015
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation16.2BN LCU2016
International reserves19 489.3M US$2016
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Agriculture

Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.2281000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.1381000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber8 0382016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds7681000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.4271000 t2016
hides and skins0.0481000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs480t2016
marine fishes1 020t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal904M kWh2015
non-renewable electricity generation100%2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4721000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation904M kWh2015
total installed capacity4721000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
wool yarn0.41000 t2003
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear12 131 000pairs2003
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soft drinks, excluding mineral waters61000 hl2003
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco41t2001
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food, beverages and tobacco production66.7M US$2013
manufacturing production270M US$2016
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ores and metals1.044% of goods exports2016
food products0.738% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hong Kong264.8M US$2010
China99.2M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China1 714M US$2010
Hong Kong578.3M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20171 405.823M US$ -
20161 256.603M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20179 450.673M US$ -
20168 924.466M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures1 314M US$2016
Number of arrivals15 703 600units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried2 767.91000 units2017
Merchant fleet1units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers290.703per 1000 pop.2016
Computers384.1per 1000 pop.2006
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling15.6years2016
Graduates7 292units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level1 908units2016
Teachers, secondary level2 696units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending25.2% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.3per 1000 pop.2015
Physicians2.6per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)49per 100 000 pop.2008
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.24% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2016
Alcohol consumption per capita6.1litres2008
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