Form of Government: China's Special Administrative Region
Area: 30.8 sq km
Population: 667 400 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 21 668.83 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 22° N; long. 113° E
Capital: 
Currency: pataca (100 avos)
Chief Executive: Fernando Chui Sai On, since 20 December 2009
Internet: www.dsec.gov.mo (Direcção dos Serviços de Estatística e Censos)
Member of  WTO

Macau

Macau, Aomen
Useful information

GMT  +8
DST  not applied


Politics and current affairs

A Portuguese trading colony since 1557, Macau was declared an overseas territory in 1954. In 1976 it was given special independent administrative status. As established by an agreement drawn up in 1987, on 20 December 1999, Macau was returned to China. For 50 years it will have a high degree of autonomy, similar to that of Hong Kong.
It comprises the island of Macau (8.7 km²) and the city of the same name, as well as the islands of Taipa and Coloane.

Administrative division

Administrative division
ParishAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Nossa Senhora de Fátima3.2 sq km254 000 inhab.2018
Santo António1.1 sq km137 700 inhab.2018
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Macau531 400inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate92018
Death rate3.12018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chinese88.4%2016
other Asian4.7%2016


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Buddhist80%2006
nonreligious/atheist15%2006


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Chinese
Portuguese
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years13.9%2018
15-29 years19.2%2018


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Economy


Economy.
The economy is based on the manufacturing and construction industries. Another important factor in the local economy is the number of casinos on the island, attracting large numbers of tourists.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)90index2016
Balance of trade-9 651.3M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population385 555units2018
Active population, Females48.8%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2%2018
Unemployment rate, Females39.4%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses80 332M LCU2018
Revenues134 205M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.1%2018
industry17.3%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
industry6.8%2017
services93.2%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation18.917BN LCU2018
International reserves20 281.2M US$2018
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Agriculture

Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.2311000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.1391000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber7 9272017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds7551000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.431000 t2017
hides and skins0.0481000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs480t2017
marine fishes1 020t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal929M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation100%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4721000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation929M kWh2016
total installed capacity4721000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
nitrogen fertilizers14.11000 t2016
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
wool yarn0.41000 t2003
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear12 131 000pairs2003
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soft drinks, excluding mineral waters61000 hl2003
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco41t2001
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food, beverages and tobacco production86M US$2015
manufacturing production281.6M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ores and metals1.044% of goods exports2016
food products0.738% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hong Kong264.8M US$2010
China99.2M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China1 714M US$2010
Hong Kong578.3M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 510M US$ -
20171 406M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201811 162M US$ -
20179 451M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures1 244M US$2017
Number of arrivals17 255 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried2 767.91000 units2017
Merchant fleet1units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers290.703per 1000 pop.2016
Computers384.1per 1000 pop.2006
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling16years2017
Graduates7 560units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level2 105units2017
Teachers, secondary level2 710units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending25.2% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.4per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians2.6per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)49per 100 000 pop.2008
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.2% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2017
Alcohol consumption per capita6.1litres2008
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