Form of Government: China's Special Administrative Region
Area: 32.9 sq km
Population: 683 100 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 20 762.92 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 22° N; long. 113° E
Capital: 
Currency: pataca (100 avos)
Chief Executive: Fernando Chui Sai On, since 20 December 2009
Internet: www.dsec.gov.mo (Direcção dos Serviços de Estatística e Censos)
Member of  WTO

Macau

Macau, Aomen
Useful information

GMT  +8
DST  not applied


Politics and current affairs

A Portuguese trading colony since 1557, Macau was declared an overseas territory in 1954. In 1976 it was given special independent administrative status. As established by an agreement drawn up in 1987, on 20 December 1999, Macau was returned to China. For 50 years it will have a high degree of autonomy, similar to that of Hong Kong.
It comprises the island of Macau (8.7 km²) and the city of the same name, as well as the islands of Taipa and Coloane.

Administrative division

Administrative division
ParishAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Nossa Senhora de Fátima3.2 sq km254 000 inhab.2018
Santo António1.1 sq km137 700 inhab.2018
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Macau531 400inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate9$2018
Death rate3.12018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chinese88.4%2016
other Asian4.7%2016


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
animist/traditional beliefs48.1%2015
Buddhist17.3%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Chinese
Portuguese
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years14.6%2020
15-29 years17.7%2020


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Economy


Economy.
The economy is based on the manufacturing and construction industries. Another important factor in the local economy is the number of casinos on the island, attracting large numbers of tourists.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)90$index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)81.88index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population394 426units2020
Active population, Females48.4%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2.5%2020
Unemployment rate, Females39$%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses91 300M LCU2020
Revenues94 700M LCU2020
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.4%2019
industry9.7%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
industry7.258%2019
services92.742%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation21.949BN LCU2020
International reserves25 144.935M US$2020
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Agriculture

Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.2221000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.1321000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber7 7092019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds7871000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.4251000 t2019
hides and skins0.1181000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs480t2019
marine fishes1 020t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal780M kWh2019
non-renewable electricity generation100%2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4481000 kW2018
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation780M kWh2019
total installed capacity4481000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
nitrogen fertilizers9.91000 t2017
phosphate fertilizers0.061000 t2017
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
wool yarn0.41000 t2003
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear12 131 000pairs2003
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soft drinks, excluding mineral waters6$1000 hl2003
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco41$t2001
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food, beverages and tobacco production130.435M US$2018
manufacturing production308.779M US$2019
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures35.266% of goods exports2019
food products34.328% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hong Kong264.8M US$2010
China99.2M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China1 714M US$2010
Hong Kong578.3M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 354M US$ -
20191 586M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202011 586M US$ -
201911 167M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures1 471M US$2019
Number of arrivals18 633 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried3 659.91000 units2019
Merchant fleet1$units2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers305.646per 1000 pop.2018
Computers384.1per 1000 pop.2006
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling16.442years2019
Graduates7 872units2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level32 530units2019
Students, secondary level26 022units2019
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending25.301% of total expenses2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.5per 1000 pop.2020
Physicians2.6per 1000 pop.2020
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)49$per 100 000 pop.2008
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.202% of GDP2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2019
Access to improved drinking-water source100%2017
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