Area: 180 sq km
Population: 111 849 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 621.38 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 12° N; long. 70° W
Capital: Oranjestad (chief town) 28 294 inhab. (2010);
Currency: Aruban guilder (100 cents)
Prime Minister: Evelyn Wever-Croes, in office since 15 November 2017
Internet: //cbs.aw/wp (Central Bureau of Statistics)

Aruba

Aruba
Useful information

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Oranjestad 28.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Oranjestad 27/29
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Oranjestad 9/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Oranjestad 410
Days of rainfall (annual average) Oranjestad 62

Politics and current affairs

Formerly part of the Dutch Antilles, Aruba became a separate state within the Kingdom of the Netherlands on 1 January 1986. The Dutch Sovereign is represented by a Governor in charge of foreign affairs.

Administrative division

Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Oranjestad28 294inhab.2010
Sint Nicolaas15 283inhab.2010
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate9.22018
Death rate6.32018
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic75.7%2010
other18%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Dutch (official)
Papiamento (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years17.6%2018
15-29 years19.1%2018


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Economy

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Balance of trade-1 045M US$2018
GDP2 833M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population56 780units2016
Active population, Females50.5%2016
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate8.9%2017
Unemployment rate, Females51.8%2016
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 325.6M LCU2018
Revenues1 299.4M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.1%2016
industry12.7%2016
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.5%2017
industry15.4%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation2.1BN LCU2015
International reserves980.2M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land11.11%2015
forests2.33%2015
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber2 2332017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marine fishes149t2017
total catch149t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal800M kWh2016
- other renew.139M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2581000 kW2016
- other renew.381000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation939M kWh2016
total installed capacity2961000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sulfur16.41000 t2013
sulfur, total16.41000 t2013
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol2 247.41000 t2006
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production108.3M US$2011
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures44.056% of goods exports2018
food products41.631% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Colombia33.8M US$2010
Panama27.6M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States506.7M US$2010
Netherlands115.3M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018205M US$ -
2017135M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 250M US$ -
20171 124M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures362M US$2017
Number of arrivals1 070 500units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet1units2014
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage221t2014
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers182.095per 1000 pop.2015
Computers97.4per 1000 pop.2006
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.7years2012
Graduates225units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level601units2012
Teachers, secondary level555units2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.6per 1000 pop.2015
Physicians1.1per 1000 pop.2015
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2017
Access to improved drinking-water source100%2010
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