Area: 180 sq km
Population: 111 081 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 617.12 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 12° N; long. 70° W
Capital: Oranjestad (chief town) 28 294 inhab. (2010);
Currency: Aruban guilder (100 cents)
Prime Minister: Mike Eman, in office since 30 October 2009
Internet: //cbs.aw/wp (Central Bureau of Statistics)

Aruba

Aruba
Useful information

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Oranjestad 28.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Oranjestad 27/29
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Oranjestad 9/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Oranjestad 410
Days of rainfall (annual average) Oranjestad 62

Politics and current affairs

Formerly part of the Dutch Antilles, Aruba became a separate state within the Kingdom of the Netherlands on 1 January 1986. The Dutch Sovereign is represented by a Governor in charge of foreign affairs.

Administrative division

Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Oranjestad28 294inhab.2010
Sint Nicolaas15 283inhab.2010
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.92017
Death rate6.42017
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic75.7%2010
other18%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Dutch (official)
Papiamento (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years17.6%2017
15-29 years19.3%2017


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Economy

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Balance of trade- 885M US$2017
GDP2 667M US$2016
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population52 045units2010
Active population, Females49.7%2010
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate7.5%2014
Unemployment rate, Females48.9%2010
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 381.8M LCU2015
Revenues1 211.1M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.7%2013
industry13.7%2013
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.5%2016
industry15.4%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation2.1BN LCU2015
International reserves907.1M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land11.11%2015
forests2.33%2015
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber2 1532016
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marine fishes142t2016
total catch142t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal800M kWh2015
- other renew.173M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2581000 kW2015
- other renew.381000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation973M kWh2015
total installed capacity2961000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sulfur16.41000 t2013
sulfur, total16.41000 t2013
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol2 247.41000 t2006
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production108.3M US$2011
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products50.594% of goods exports2016
manufactures32.485% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Colombia33.8M US$2010
Panama27.6M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States506.7M US$2010
Netherlands115.3M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017120M US$ -
2016285.81M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20171 005M US$ -
20161 142.458M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures332M US$2016
Number of arrivals1 102 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet1units2014
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage221t2014
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers182.095per 1000 pop.2015
Computers97.4per 1000 pop.2006
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.7years2012
Graduates142units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level601units2012
Teachers, secondary level555units2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.7per 1000 pop.2013
Physicians1.8per 1000 pop.2013
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity95.570%2016
Access to improved drinking-water source100%2010
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