Area: 236.7 sq km
Population: 17 900 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 75.62 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 8° - 23° S; long. 170° - 155° W
Capital: Avarua, su Rarotonga (chief town) 4 906 inhab. (2016);
Currency: New Zealand dollar (100 cents)
Prime Minister: Mark Brown (Cook Islands Party), in office since 1 October 2020
Internet: www.mfem.gov.ck (Ministry of Finance & Economic Management)
Member of  SPC

Cook Islands

Cook Islands, Kūki 'Āirani
Useful information

GMT  -10
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Rarotonga 23.7
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Rarotonga 26/21.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Rarotonga 6/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Rarotonga 2095
Days of rainfall (annual average) Rarotonga 142

Politics and current affairs

Geography.
The Cooks Islands are an archipelago lying north-east of New Zealand in the Pacific Ocean between the Equator and the Tropic of Capricorn. There are two distinct island groups: Northern Cook (22.3 km², pop. 1024 in 2016) comprising Penrhyn, Manihiki, Pukapuka, Rakahanga, Nassau, Palmerston and Suwarrow; and Southern Cook (214.4 km², pop. 13 778 in 2016) comprising Rarotonga, Aitutaki, Mangaia, Atiu, Mauke, Mitiaro, Manuae and Takutea, the largest being Rarotonga (67.1 km², pop. 10 649 in 2016).

Formally part of New Zealand since 1901, the Cook Islands became a self-governing democracy in free association with New Zealand in 1965. The Parliament has 24 members elected for four years, and the House of Ariki (chiefs and members of the indigenous nobility).

Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Aitutaki18.3 sq km1 712 inhab.2016
Atiu26.9 sq km423 inhab.2016
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Avarua, su Rarotonga4 906inhab.2016
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate15.62015
Death rate7.82015
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Māori85.8%2016
other7$%2016


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant63$%2016
Catholic17.4%2016


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Māori (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years19.4%2020
15-29 years21.7%2020


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Economy


Economy.
Coconut palms, tubers, papayas and mangoes are grown, but the economy is mainly sustained by tourism, fishing licenses (tuna) and aid from New Zealand.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)90.93index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)79.31index2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate8.9%2006
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses149.9M LCU2019
Revenues225.3M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture4.3%2011
industry3.9%2011
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.724%2019
industry8.913%2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land6.25%2018
forests64.958%2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.7181000 t2019
roots and tubers, total2.2411000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers0.0011000 t2019
tomatoes0.2741000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.5991000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0$1000 t2017
vanilla0$1000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total1.0421000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0091000 t2019
grapefruits0.0071000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0031000 t2019
bananas0.0141000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0561000 ha2019
sweet potatoes0.0061000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tomatoes0.011000 ha2019
watermelons0.0031000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.331000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0011000 ha2019
vanilla0$1000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0061000 ha2018
grapefruits0$1000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0011000 ha2019
bananas0.0051000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber5 0002019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle0.1141000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes0.1141000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs15.6031000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats0.8631000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.3021000 heads2019
horses0.3021000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds18$1000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0011000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.0641000 t2019
meat0.291000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs57.5t2019
freshwater fishes1$t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation74.289%2018
- thermal31$M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal11$1000 kW2018
- other renew.5.971000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation41.73M kWh2018
total installed capacity16.971000 kW2018
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202013$M US$ -
201917$M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020114M US$ -
2019136M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures23$M US$2018
Number of arrivals172 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet194units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 707 427t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers151.405per 1000 pop.2013
Internet users540per 1000 pop.2016
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling16.9years2012
Graduates70$units2014
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level1 858units2016
Students, secondary level1 685units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending10.807% of total expenses2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds6.3per 1000 pop.2005
Physicians1.2per 1000 pop.2004
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis13$per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)18$per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking78.3%2019
Access to improved drinking-water source99.9%2015
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