Svalbard

Svalbard
Useful information

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October



Politics and current affairs

An archipelago in the European polar area. The largest islands are: Spitsbergen (37 673 km²), Nordaustlandet (14 467 km²), Edgeøya (5073 km²), Barentsøya (1288 km²), Kvitøya (682 km²), Prins Karls Forland (615 km²), Kong Karls Land (332 km²), Bjørnøya (Bear Island, 178 km²) and Hopen (47 km²).

Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Barentsøya1 288 sq km - -
Bjørnøya178 sq km9 inhab.2008
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Longyearbyen2 185inhab.2017
Barentsburg532inhab.2017
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Economy


Economy.
A colony of workers has come together on the islands, most of whom are Russians, to work in the coal mines and build scientific stations. The principle mines are at Longyearbyen and Barentsburg. There are also radio stations and research centres.

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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal1 1061000 t2015
coal, total1 1061000 t2015
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