Area: 4 167 sq km
Population: 278 400 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 66.81 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 5° - 30° S; long. 156° - 132° W
Capital: Papeete (chief town) 26 926 inhab. (2017); Papeete 136 771 inhab. (2017), urban agglomeration
Currency: CFP franc (Change franc Pacifique)
Member of  SPC

French Polynesia

Polynésie française
Useful information

GMT  -10; Gambier Islands -9; Marquesas Islands -9.30; Clipperton -7
DST  not applied; Gambier Islands not applied; Marquesas Islands not applied; Clipperton not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Papeete 25.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Papeete 26.5/24.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Papeete 7/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Papeete 1800
Days of rainfall (annual average) Papeete 116

Politics and current affairs

An overseas collectivity of Metropolitan France, the islands are administered by a government whose president is elected by the Assembly (57 members elected for a five-year term). A High Commissioner represents central government in Papeete. The collectivity is represented in Paris by three deputies and two senators. Clipperton Island (1.6 km2, uninhabited), or Isla de la Pasión, was part of French Polynesia until 2011: the island is currently a public domain of the French State, under direct administration of the French Ministry of Overseas.

Geography.
A vast group (about 100) islands and archipelagos in the Pacific Ocean, the most important island is Tahiti (1042 km2), the southern-most of the Society Islands group. Tahiti consists of two distinct volcanoes, joined by a narrow isthmus. It is completely surrounded by a coral reef and the mountains are covered in thick vegetation. The tropical climate is particularly mild and uniform.

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Faaa29 506inhab.2017
Punaauia28 103inhab.2017
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Papeete136 771inhab.2017
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate12.72019
Death rate5.62019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Polynesian78$%2012
Asian12$%2012


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant54$%2012
Catholic30$%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Polynesian dialects
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years21.5%2020
15-29 years22.7%2020


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Economy


Economy.
The main sources of income are tourism and activities linked to the French military presence. The atolls of Mururoa and Fangataufa are important since they have been used as a nuclear testing site. Nuclear experiments were conducted here until 1996.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)101.5index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)97.34index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population115 605units2020
Active population, Females43.5%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate13.8%2020
Unemployment rate, Females47.6%2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture6.9%2019
industry14.7%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.578%2019
industry11.941%2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land7.244%2018
forests42.46%2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3.9371000 t2019
potatoes0.581000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.2261000 t2019
carrots and turnips0.2131000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts84.1761000 t2019
copra8$1000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0221000 t2019
vanilla0.031000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane3.5381000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total16.8211000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.5021000 t2019
citrus fruits, nes0.5261000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.1181000 t2019
bananas0.1821000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2131000 ha2019
potatoes0.061000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0861000 ha2019
carrots and turnips0.0151000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts23.21000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0971000 ha2019
vanilla0.2541000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.041000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0931000 ha2019
citrus fruits, nes0.0271000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0081000 ha2019
bananas0.0261000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber5 6652019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle7.3011000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes7.3011000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs29.9971000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep0.4421000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats16.7991000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total2.21000 heads2019
horses2.21000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3611000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.161000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs2.6111000 t2019
hides and skins0.0341000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs340t2019
freshwater fishes50$t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal382M kWh2018
- hydro180M kWh2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1851000 kW2018
- hydro48$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation584.54M kWh2018
total installed capacity271.351000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley20.4831000 t2018
coconut oil9.511000 t2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures71.875% of goods exports2015
food products24.78% of goods exports2015
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hong Kong45.9M US$2010
Japan30.9M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France484.4M US$2010
Singapore219.9M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202071$M US$ -
2019133M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 700M US$ -
20192 103M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures177M US$2018
Number of arrivals237 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet24$units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage38 855t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers215.321per 1000 pop.2018
Computers109per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Physicians1.7per 1000 pop.2003
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)5.5per 100 000 pop.2008
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2019
Access to improved drinking-water source100%2017
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