Area: 4 167 sq km
Population: 275 918 inhab. (census 2017)
Density: 66.22 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 5° - 30° S; long. 156° - 132° W
Capital: Papeete (chief town) 26 926 inhab. (2017); Papeete 136 771 inhab. (2017), urban agglomeration
Currency: CFP franc (Change franc Pacifique)
Member of  SPC

French Polynesia

Polynésie française
Useful information

GMT  -10; Gambier Islands -9; Marquesas Islands -9.30; Clipperton -7
DST  not applied; Gambier Islands not applied; Marquesas Islands not applied; Clipperton not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Papeete 25.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Papeete 26.5/24.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Papeete 7/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Papeete 1800
Days of rainfall (annual average) Papeete 116

Politics and current affairs

An overseas collectivity of Metropolitan France, the islands are administered by a government whose president is elected by the Assembly (57 members elected for a five-year term). A High Commissioner represents central government in Papeete. The collectivity is represented in Paris by four deputies and three senators. Clipperton Island (1.6 km2, uninhabited), or Isla de la Pasión, was part of French Polynesia until 2011: the island is currently a public domain of the French State, under direct administration of the French Ministry of Overseas.

Geography.
A vast group (about 100) islands and archipelagos in the Pacific Ocean, the most important island is Tahiti (1042 km2), the southern-most of the Society Islands group. Tahiti consists of two distinct volcanoes, joined by a narrow isthmus. It is completely surrounded by a coral reef and the mountains are covered in thick vegetation. The tropical climate is particularly mild and uniform.

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Faaa29 506inhab.2017
Punaauia28 103inhab.2017
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Papeete136 771inhab.2017
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate15.42016
Death rate5.42016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Polynesian78%2012
Asian12%2012


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant40.6%2010
Catholic39.8%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Polynesian dialects
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years22.5%2017
15-29 years24.3%2017


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Economy


Economy.
The main sources of income are tourism and activities linked to the French military presence. The atolls of Mururoa and Fangataufa are important since they have been used as a nuclear testing site. Nuclear experiments were conducted here until 1996.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)101.5index2016
Balance of trade-1 484M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population118 985units2017
Active population, Females42.6%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate20.8%2017
Unemployment rate, Females44.5%2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture8.6%2017
industry17.5%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.1%2016
industry11.8%2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land6.97%2015
forests42.35%2015
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3.8431000 t2016
potatoes0.5751000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.2451000 t2016
carrots and turnips0.2471000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts82.6731000 t2016
copra81000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0231000 t2016
vanilla0.0241000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane3.4431000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total15.3441000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.5481000 t2016
citrus fruits, nes0.5761000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.121000 t2016
bananas0.2131000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.211000 ha2016
potatoes0.0611000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0851000 ha2016
carrots and turnips0.0151000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts21.9721000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.1021000 ha2016
vanilla0.2311000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.041000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0951000 ha2016
citrus fruits, nes0.0291000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0081000 ha2016
bananas0.0311000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber5 6032016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle7.4581000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes7.4581000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs29.4551000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep0.4421000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats16.7381000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total2.21000 heads2016
horses2.21000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3511000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.1161000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs2.3421000 t2016
hides and skins0.0341000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs321.6t2016
freshwater fishes50t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal400M kWh2015
- hydro225M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1771000 kW2015
- hydro471000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation626M kWh2015
total installed capacity2491000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley14.41000 t2014
coconut oil7.31000 t2014
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures71.875% of goods exports2015
food products24.779% of goods exports2015
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hong Kong45.9M US$2010
Japan30.9M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France484.4M US$2010
Singapore219.9M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017153.153M US$ -
2016172.532M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20171 637.208M US$ -
20161 491.125M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures146M US$2015
Number of arrivals192 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet17units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage26 603t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers197.863per 1000 pop.2016
Computers109per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Physicians1.7per 1000 pop.2003
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)5.5per 100 000 pop.2008
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2016
Access to improved drinking-water source100%2010
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