Area: 4 167 sq km
Population: 275 918 inhab. (census 2017)
Density: 66.22 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 5° - 30° S; long. 156° - 132° W
Capital: Papeete (chief town) 26 926 inhab. (2017); Papeete 136 771 inhab. (2017), urban agglomeration
Currency: CFP franc (Change franc Pacifique)
Member of  SPC

French Polynesia

Polynésie française
Useful information

GMT  -10; Gambier Islands -9; Marquesas Islands -9.30; Clipperton -7
DST  not applied; Gambier Islands not applied; Marquesas Islands not applied; Clipperton not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Papeete 25.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Papeete 26.5/24.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Papeete 7/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Papeete 1800
Days of rainfall (annual average) Papeete 116

Politics and current affairs

An overseas collectivity of Metropolitan France, the islands are administered by a government whose president is elected by the Assembly (57 members elected for a five-year term). A High Commissioner represents central government in Papeete. The collectivity is represented in Paris by four deputies and three senators. Clipperton Island (1.6 km2, uninhabited), or Isla de la Pasión, was part of French Polynesia until 2011: the island is currently a public domain of the French State, under direct administration of the French Ministry of Overseas.

Geography.
A vast group (about 100) islands and archipelagos in the Pacific Ocean, the most important island is Tahiti (1042 km2), the southern-most of the Society Islands group. Tahiti consists of two distinct volcanoes, joined by a narrow isthmus. It is completely surrounded by a coral reef and the mountains are covered in thick vegetation. The tropical climate is particularly mild and uniform.

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Faaa29 506inhab.2017
Punaauia28 103inhab.2017
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Papeete136 771inhab.2017
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate15.22017
Death rate5.52017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Polynesian78%2012
Asian12%2012


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant40.6%2010
Catholic39.8%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Polynesian dialects
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years22.2%2018
15-29 years23.8%2018


TOP

Economy


Economy.
The main sources of income are tourism and activities linked to the French military presence. The atolls of Mururoa and Fangataufa are important since they have been used as a nuclear testing site. Nuclear experiments were conducted here until 1996.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)101.5index2016
Balance of trade-2 088.5M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population119 935units2018
Active population, Females42.8%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate12%2018
Unemployment rate, Females45.7%2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture8.3%2018
industry16.5%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.1%2017
industry11.8%2017
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land6.97%2015
forests42.35%2015
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3.8961000 t2017
potatoes0.5691000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.2361000 t2017
carrots and turnips0.2451000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts82.5791000 t2017
copra81000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0221000 t2017
vanilla0.0361000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane3.4891000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total15.3441000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.5351000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes0.5771000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.121000 t2017
bananas0.2111000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2121000 ha2017
potatoes0.061000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0841000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.0151000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts22.1971000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.1011000 ha2017
vanilla0.3541000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.041000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0951000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes0.0291000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0081000 ha2017
bananas0.031000 ha2017
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber5 6232017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle7.41000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes7.41000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs29.8151000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep0.4411000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats16.7611000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total2.21000 heads2017
horses2.21000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3481000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.1161000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs2.3381000 t2017
hides and skins0.0341000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs319t2017
freshwater fishes50t2017
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal450M kWh2016
- hydro190M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1771000 kW2016
- hydro471000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation677.3M kWh2016
total installed capacity2531000 kW2016
TOP

Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley14.41000 t2014
coconut oil7.31000 t2014
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures71.875% of goods exports2015
food products24.779% of goods exports2015
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hong Kong45.9M US$2010
Japan30.9M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France484.4M US$2010
Singapore219.9M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018148M US$ -
2017153M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 236M US$ -
20171 637M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures226M US$2016
Number of arrivals199 000units2017
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet17units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage26 603t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers197.863per 1000 pop.2016
Computers109per 1000 pop.2005
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Physicians1.7per 1000 pop.2003
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)5.5per 100 000 pop.2008
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2017
Access to improved drinking-water source100%2010
TOP