Area: 18 576 sq km
Population: 271 407 inhab. (census 2019)
Density: 14.61 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° - 23° S; long. 157° - 174° E
Capital: Nouméa (chief town) 94 285 inhab. (2019); Nouméa 182 341 inhab. (2019), urban agglomeration
Currency: CFP franc (Change franc Pacifique)
Member of  SPC

New Caledonia

Nouvelle-Calédonie
Useful information

GMT  +11
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Nouméa 23
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Nouméa 26/20
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Nouméa 6/9
Annual average precipitation (mm) Nouméa 1055
Days of rainfall (annual average) Nouméa 106

Politics and current affairs

It has its own special statute, and is governed by a High Commissioner; the New Caledonian Congress is made up of 54 members (the members of the three provincial assemblies being elected directly for a five-year term). It is represented in Paris by two deputies and two senators. After a long decolonization process, in a referendum on 4 November 2018, voters decided against independence from France with 56.4% of the votes.

Geography.
The island group in the southwest Pacific Ocean lies just north of the Tropic of Capricorn, about 1500 km from the coast of Australia. It has a tropical climate.

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Nouméa94 285inhab.2019
Dumbéa31 812inhab.2014
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Nouméa182 341inhab.2019
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate14$2019
Death rate5.82019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Melanesian41.2%2019
European24.1%2019


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic50.8%2010
Protestant32.4%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Melanesian dialects
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years21.7%2020
15-29 years23.8%2020


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Economy


Economy.
Important economic activities are nickel mining and tourism.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)105.33index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)99.71index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population141 001units2020
Active population, Females45.7%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate16.5%2020
Unemployment rate, Females50.3%2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.9%2019
industry20.8%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.971%2019
industry24.758%2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.531%2018
forests45.854%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total8.9511000 t2019
maize8.8421000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.8321000 t2019
potatoes2.4851000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggplants0.1461000 t2019
watermelons0.821000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts15.21000 t2019
copra0.11000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0021000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total12.1161000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.4061000 t2019
lemons0.9241000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas2.161000 t2019
mangoes1.1321000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1.0281000 ha2019
sorghum0.1911000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.281000 ha2019
potatoes0.2841000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
watermelons0.0681000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.4211000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0171000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.3931000 ha2019
lemons0.2741000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.5161000 ha2019
mangoes0.1371000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber27 6422019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle84.0741000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes84.0741000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs40.8021000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2.2821000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats0.6671000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total11.2761000 heads2019
horses11.2761000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4801000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.2311000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs2.141000 t2019
hides and skins0.3881000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1 550t2019
freshwater fishes1$t2018
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cobalt2.11000 t2018
nickel216.21000 t2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 585M kWh2018
- hydro317.24M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal8751000 kW2018
- other renew.97.381000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation2 947.24M kWh2018
total installed capacity1 024.131000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ferroalloys260.21000 t2018
nickel32.51000 t2018
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley16$1000 t2018
coconut oil0.0791000 t2018
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement86.31000 t2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures59.041% of goods exports2015
ores and metals37.754% of goods exports2015
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France271.1M US$2010
Japan238.7M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France736.9M US$2010
China582.7M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 665M US$ -
20191 700M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20202 593M US$ -
20192 944M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures252M US$2016
Number of arrivals130 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried350.71000 units2011
Merchant fleet24$units2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers204.272per 1000 pop.2015
Computers170.7per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Illiteracy rate, adult3.1%2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Physicians2.3per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)10$per 100 000 pop.2008
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2019
Access to improved drinking-water source99.329%2017
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