Area: 18 576 sq km
Population: 282 200 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 15.19 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° - 23° S; long. 157° - 174° E
Capital: Nouméa (chief town) 99 926 inhab. (2014); Nouméa 179 509 inhab. (2014), urban agglomeration
Currency: CFP franc (Change franc Pacifique)
Member of  SPC

New Caledonia

Nouvelle-Calédonie
Useful information

GMT  +11
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Nouméa 23
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Nouméa 26/20
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Nouméa 6/9
Annual average precipitation (mm) Nouméa 1055
Days of rainfall (annual average) Nouméa 106

Politics and current affairs

It has its own special statute, and is governed by a High Commissioner; the New Caledonian Congress is made up of 54 members (the members of the three provincial assemblies being elected directly for a five-year term). It is represented in Paris by two deputies and a senator. After a long decolonization process, in a referendum on 4 November 2018, voters decided against independence from France with 56.4% of the votes.

Geography.
The island group in the southwest Pacific Ocean lies just north of the Tropic of Capricorn, about 1500 km from the coast of Australia. It has a tropical climate.

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Nouméa99 926inhab.2014
Dumbéa31 812inhab.2014
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Nouméa179 509inhab.2014
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate14.62017
Death rate5.52017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Melanesian40.1%2014
European27.2%2014


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic50.8%2010
Protestant32.4%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Melanesian dialects
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years22.2%2018
15-29 years24.3%2018


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Economy


Economy.
Important economic activities are nickel mining and tourism.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)105.33index2016
Balance of trade- 871.4M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population138 335units2018
Active population, Females45.5%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate13.6%2018
Unemployment rate, Females49.7%2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.5%2018
industry22.1%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.4%2017
industry26.2%2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.56%2015
forests45.9%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total9.6211000 t2017
maize9.4151000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.8171000 t2017
potatoes1.8411000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggplants0.1871000 t2017
watermelons1.2531000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts19.3121000 t2017
copra0.11000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0051000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total3.9831000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.9971000 t2017
lemons0.8281000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.5981000 t2017
mangoes1.4781000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1.0451000 ha2017
sorghum0.1751000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.3941000 ha2017
potatoes0.2081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
watermelons0.1051000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.141000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0381000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.3941000 ha2017
lemons0.3041000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.3491000 ha2017
mangoes0.281000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber27 4692017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle831000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes831000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs39.3761000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2.2741000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2.21000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total11.2741000 heads2017
horses11.2741000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4601000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.1081000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs2.2041000 t2017
hides and skins0.4371000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1 530t2017
freshwater fishes0t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cobalt3.41000 t2016
nickel209.11000 t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 670M kWh2016
- hydro230M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal8751000 kW2016
- hydro781000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation2 945M kWh2016
total installed capacity996.21000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ferroalloys2951000 t2016
nickel4.31000 t2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley13.71000 t2014
coconut oil0.071000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1041000 t2016
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures59.041% of goods exports2015
ores and metals37.753% of goods exports2015
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France271.1M US$2010
Japan238.7M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France736.9M US$2010
China582.7M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 936M US$ -
20171 561M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 807M US$ -
20172 511M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures252M US$2016
Number of arrivals121 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried350.71000 units2011
Merchant fleet10units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers205.770per 1000 pop.2015
Computers170.7per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Illiteracy rate, adult3.1%2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Physicians2.3per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)10per 100 000 pop.2008
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2017
Access to improved sanitation100%2015
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