Area: 18 576 sq km
Population: 278 500 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 14.99 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° - 23° S; long. 157° - 174° E
Capital: Nouméa (chief town) 99 926 inhab. (2014); Nouméa 179 509 inhab. (2014), urban agglomeration
Currency: CFP franc (Change franc Pacifique)
Member of  SPC

New Caledonia

Nouvelle-Calédonie
Useful information

GMT  +11
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Nouméa 23
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Nouméa 26/20
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Nouméa 6/9
Annual average precipitation (mm) Nouméa 1055
Days of rainfall (annual average) Nouméa 106

Politics and current affairs

It has its own special statute, and is governed by a High Commissioner; the New Caledonian Congress is made up of 54 members (the members of the three provincial assemblies being elected directly for a five-year term). It is represented in Paris by two deputies and a senator. With the Nouméa Accord between the government and the local pro-independence movements a long transition period got under way in view of a referendum on independence expected within 2018.

Geography.
The island group in the southwest Pacific Ocean lies just north of the Tropic of Capricorn, about 1500 km from the coast of Australia. It has a tropical climate.

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Nouméa99 926inhab.2014
Dumbéa31 812inhab.2014
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Nouméa179 509inhab.2014
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate15.42016
Death rate5.72016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Melanesian40.1%2014
European27.2%2014


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic50.8%2010
Protestant32.4%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Melanesian dialects
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years22.5%2017
15-29 years24.6%2017


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Economy


Economy.
Important economic activities are nickel mining and tourism.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)105.33index2016
Balance of trade-1 051M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population136 128units2017
Active population, Females46%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate14.8%2017
Unemployment rate, Females48.9%2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.5%2017
industry31.9%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.4%2016
industry26.2%2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.56%2015
forests45.9%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total6.741000 t2016
maize6.4291000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.5281000 t2016
potatoes1.3231000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggplants0.2111000 t2013
watermelons0.7511000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts19.121000 t2016
copra0.11000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0091000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total3.9831000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.911000 t2016
lemons0.251000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.1691000 t2016
mangoes0.1561000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1.611000 ha2016
sorghum0.1461000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2411000 ha2016
potatoes0.2271000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
watermelons0.0631000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.1131000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0641000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.1441000 ha2016
lemons0.0931000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.2621000 ha2016
mangoes0.0311000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber27 3002016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle85.3891000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes85.3891000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs37.6631000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2.3091000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats0.971000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total11.251000 heads2016
horses11.251000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds5021000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.1081000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs2.1611000 t2016
hides and skins0.4371000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1 659t2016
freshwater fishes0t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cobalt5.61000 t2015
nickel186.11000 t2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 410M kWh2015
- hydro340M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4371000 kW2015
- hydro781000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation2 814M kWh2015
total installed capacity557.21000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ferroalloys2401000 t2015
nickel6.81000 t2015
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley13.71000 t2014
coconut oil0.071000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1121000 t2015
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures59.041% of goods exports2015
ores and metals37.753% of goods exports2015
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France271.1M US$2010
Japan238.7M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France736.9M US$2010
China582.7M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20171 457.467M US$ -
20161 329.664M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20172 508.795M US$ -
20162 395.071M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures145M US$2015
Number of arrivals116 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried350.71000 units2011
Merchant fleet10units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers205.770per 1000 pop.2015
Computers170.7per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Illiteracy rate, adult3.1%2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Physicians2.5per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)10per 100 000 pop.2008
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2016
Alcohol consumption per capita10.1litres2008
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