Area: 2 504 sq km
Population: 857 809 inhab. (estimate 2021)
Density: 342.58 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 21° S; long. 56° E
Capital: Saint-Denis (chief town) 150 535 inhab. (2018); Saint-Denis 207 487 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)

Réunion

La Réunion
Useful information

GMT  +4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Saint-Denis 23.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Saint-Denis 26/21.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Saint-Denis 7/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Saint-Denis 1540
Days of rainfall (annual average) Saint-Denis 120

Politics and current affairs

An overseas region and department of Metropolitan France, Réunion is governed by a General Council (49 members) and a Regional Council (45 members) elected directly for six years. It is represented in Paris by seven deputies and four senators.

Geography.
Réunion is an island in the southwest Indian Ocean, in the Mascarene archipelago, approximately 650 km east of Madagascar. It is dominated by two large volcanoes (Piton des Neiges, 3070 m, and Piton de la Fournaise, 2631 m).

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Saint-Denis150 535inhab.2018
Saint-Paul103 492inhab.2018
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Saint-Denis207 487inhab.2018
Saint-Paul180 707inhab.2016
TOP

Population


Population.
The high level of unemployment means that there is a constant migratory flow towards France.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate15.42020
Death rate6$2020
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mestizo42.6%2000
white25.6%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic80$%2010
Protestant6.9%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
French Creole
TOP

Economy


Economy.
The main crops are sugar cane, vanilla and plants used in the perfume industry; geraniums (used to make oil) grow on high land up to an altitude of 2000 m, where forests are also common. There is some sugar and rum production. Réunion is a major producer of vetiver essence.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)102.41index2016
GDP annual growth rate2.2%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate17$%2020
Unemployment rate, Females50.4%2014
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1$%2014
industry and services99$%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.4%2015
industry15.3%2015
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land14.853%2018
forests38.837%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total14.0751000 t2018
maize13.771000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.1391000 t2018
potatoes4.8611000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.2791000 t2018
asparagus0.1061000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry2.2511000 t2018
beans, green2.8661000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.2841000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts2.2961000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.221000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ginger0.031000 t2018
tea0.9191000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1 789.3471000 t2018
tobacco0.0181000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.081000 t2018
fruits, total64.9971000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits4.3791000 t2018
lemons0.2361000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.7321000 t2018
bananas10.4661000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.3271000 t2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1.7541000 ha2018
rice0.0621000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0141000 ha2018
potatoes0.61000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.171000 ha2018
carrots and turnips0.0411000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry2.8871000 ha2018
beans, green1.2411000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape0.0381000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts1.6991000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.061000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ginger0.0031000 ha2018
tea0.6241000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane23.7921000 ha2018
tobacco0.021000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.0071000 ha2018
peaches0.0571000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.1831000 ha2018
lemons0.0191000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.1041000 ha2018
bananas2.0771000 ha2018
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber110 8482019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle31$1000 heads2018
cattle and buffaloes31$1000 heads2018
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs68.8291000 heads2018
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep0.8971000 heads2018
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats41.9011000 heads2018
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.0091000 heads2018
asses and mules0.0141000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds18 3111000 heads2018
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.1051000 t2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs7.3091000 t2018
hides and skins0.1681000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes5$t2019
marine fishes2 270t2019
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 100M kWh2018
- hydro601M kWh2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal5201000 kW2018
- other renew.2941000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation3 077.1M kWh2018
total installed capacity906.41000 kW2018
TOP

Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley24$1000 t2014
groundnut oil0.31000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3001000 t2017
TOP

Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2004250M US$ -
2003238M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20043 300M US$ -
20033 238M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals534 000units2019
Receipts459M US$2019
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet10$units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage3 508t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers223.7per 1000 pop.2009
Computers363per 1000 pop.2005
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Illiteracy rate, adult6.8%2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.7per 1000 pop.2003
Physicians1$per 1000 pop.2005
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Alcohol consumption per capita3.6litres2008
Calories available per capita/day3 308units1995
TOP