Area: 2 504 sq km
Population: 866 506 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 346.05 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 21° S; long. 56° E
Capital: Saint-Denis (chief town) 147 920 inhab. (2016); Saint-Denis 204 304 inhab. (2016), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)

Réunion

La Réunion
Useful information

GMT  +4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Saint-Denis 23.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Saint-Denis 26/21.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Saint-Denis 7/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Saint-Denis 1540
Days of rainfall (annual average) Saint-Denis 120

Politics and current affairs

An overseas region and department of Metropolitan France, Réunion is governed by a General Council (49 members) and a Regional Council (45 members) elected directly for six years. It is represented in Paris by five deputies and three senators.

Geography.
Réunion is an island in the southwest Indian Ocean, in the Mascarene archipelago, approximately 650 km east of Madagascar. It is dominated by two large volcanoes (Piton des Neiges, 3070 m, and Piton de la Fournaise, 2631 m).

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Saint-Denis147 920inhab.2016
Saint-Paul105 482inhab.2016
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Saint-Denis204 304inhab.2016
Saint-Paul180 707inhab.2016
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Population


Population.
The high level of unemployment means that there is a constant migratory flow towards France.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate15.92017
Death rate5.42017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mestizo42.6%2000
white25.6%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic80%2010
Protestant6.9%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
French Creole
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Economy


Economy.
The main crops are sugar cane, vanilla and plants used in the perfume industry; geraniums (used to make oil) grow on high land up to an altitude of 2000 m, where forests are also common. There is some sugar and rum production. Réunion is a major producer of vetiver essence.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)102.41index2016
GDP, local currency17 997M LCU2015
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate22.4%2016
Unemployment rate, Females50.4%2014
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1%2014
industry and services99%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.4%2015
industry15.3%2015
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land14.78%2015
forests35.06%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total14.4821000 t2017
maize14.2191000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0351000 t2017
potatoes5.9841000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.2761000 t2017
asparagus0.1041000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry2.3321000 t2017
beans, green2.8741000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.2121000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts2.0871000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.2331000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ginger0.0171000 t2017
tea0.8531000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1 822.5451000 t2017
tobacco0.0161000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.0621000 t2017
fruits, total58.9321000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits4.2521000 t2017
lemons0.0971000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.7691000 t2017
bananas10.2491000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.3191000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1.8061000 ha2017
rice0.0551000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0041000 ha2017
potatoes1.1041000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1621000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.0251000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry2.9471000 ha2017
beans, green1.1441000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape0.0271000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts1.6451000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.0631000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ginger0.0021000 ha2017
tea0.5871000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane24.211000 ha2017
tobacco0.0181000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.0061000 ha2017
peaches0.0571000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.1851000 ha2017
lemons0.0081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.1011000 ha2017
bananas2.0271000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber105 1292017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle29.1951000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes29.1951000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs68.2751000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep0.9121000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats41.6421000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.0091000 heads2017
asses and mules0.0141000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds17 9041000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.1021000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs7.6971000 t2017
hides and skins0.1551000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1t2017
freshwater fishes5t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 000M kWh2016
- hydro465M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal5051000 kW2016
- other renew.2561000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation2 744M kWh2016
total installed capacity8821000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley241000 t2014
groundnut oil0.31000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement2501000 t2016
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2004250M US$ -
2003238M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20043 300M US$ -
20033 238M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals508 000units2017
Receipts401M US$2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage5 000t2009
Motor vehicles308 675units2004
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers223.7per 1000 pop.2009
Computers363per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Illiteracy rate, adult6.8%2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.7per 1000 pop.2003
Physicians1per 1000 pop.2005
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Alcohol consumption per capita3.6litres2008
Calories available per capita/day3 308units1995
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