Area: 1 128 sq km
Population: 354 824 inhab. (estimate 2021)
Density: 314.56 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 15° N; long. 61° W
Capital: Fort-de-France (chief town) 78 126 inhab. (2018); Fort-de-France 118 579 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)

Martinique

Martinique
Useful information

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Fort-de-France 25.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Fort-de-France 24/26
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Fort-de-France 7/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Fort-de-France 1945
Days of rainfall (annual average) Fort-de-France 203

Politics and current affairs

A unique overseas territorial collectivity, since 2015 it has been administrated by the Assembly of Martinique, consisting of 51 members elected by suffrage for a six-year term, which has taken the place of the General and Regional Council. The central government is represented by a prefect at Fort-de-France, and by three deputies and two senators in Paris. In the institutional referendum of 2003, the inhabitants of Martinique chose to maintain their status as a French department.

Geography.
A volcanic island of the Lesser Antilles; the country is affected by earthquakes due to volcanic eruptions.

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Fort-de-France78 126inhab.2018
Le Lamentin40 175inhab.2016
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Le Robert133 376inhab.2016
Fort-de-France118 579inhab.2018
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Population

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate9.92020
Death rate10$2020
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mulatto93$%2000
French3$%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic84.6%2010
Protestant9.6%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
French Creole
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Economy


Economy.

The main agricultural crops are bananas, sugar cane and pineapple. Tourism is the island’s main source of income. Unemployment is high and gives rise to a strong migratory flow, mainly towards France.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)78.88index2016
GDP4 161M US$2001
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate12.4%2020
Unemployment rate, Females56.1%2014
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.6%2014
industry and services98.4%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.5%2015
industry13.9%2015
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land14.774%2018
forests48.953%2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2531000 t2018
roots and tubers, total5.4921000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.2911000 t2018
carrots and turnips0.0931000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.21000 t2018
lentils1.5391000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.1381000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0261000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane198.1021000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total195.1571000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.3571000 t2018
citrus fruits, nes0.2361000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.3521000 t2018
bananas174.0841000 t2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.1021000 ha2018
sweet potatoes0.0181000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0921000 ha2018
carrots and turnips0.0321000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.0461000 ha2018
lentils1.7871000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.4481000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0271000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane4.5181000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.2331000 ha2018
citrus fruits, nes0.0251000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0611000 ha2018
bananas5.2911000 ha2018
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber10 0002019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle12.9651000 heads2018
cattle and buffaloes12.9651000 heads2018
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs8.3261000 heads2018
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep12.6261000 heads2018
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats4.7761000 heads2018
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total1.2161000 heads2018
horses1.2161000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4671000 heads2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs2.2551000 t2018
hides and skins0.1021000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs94.5t2019
freshwater fishes0.5t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
salt2001000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pumice1301000 t2012
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 445M kWh2018
- other renew.96.05M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4291000 kW2018
- other renew.131.11000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 541.05M kWh2018
total installed capacity542.11000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol173.71000 t2014
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rum108.221000 hl2020
sugar1.21000 t2020
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1501000 t2018
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2005378M US$ -
2004322M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20052 300M US$ -
20042 027M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals556 000units2019
Receipts549M US$2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 000t2009
Motor vehicles169 000units2005
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers14.8per 1000 pop.2010
Computers208per 1000 pop.2004
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Illiteracy rate, adult3.3%2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds6.5per 1000 pop.2003
Physicians2.3per 1000 pop.2003
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Alcohol consumption per capita10.5litres2008
Calories available per capita/day2 865units1995
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