Area: 1 128 sq km
Population: 364 354 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 323.01 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 15° N; long. 61° W
Capital: Fort-de-France (chief town) 81 017 inhab. (2016); Fort-de-France 121 727 inhab. (2016), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)

Martinique

Martinique
Useful information

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Fort-de-France 25.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Fort-de-France 24/26
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Fort-de-France 7/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Fort-de-France 1945
Days of rainfall (annual average) Fort-de-France 203

Politics and current affairs

A unique overseas territorial collectivity, since 2015 it has been administrated by the Assembly of Martinique, consisting of 51 members elected by suffrage for a six-year term, which has taken the place of the General and Regional Council. The central government is represented by a prefect at Fort-de-France, and by four deputies and two senators in Paris. In the institutional referendum of 2003, the inhabitants of Martinique chose to maintain their status as a French department.

Geography.
A volcanic island of the Lesser Antilles; the country is affected by earthquakes due to volcanic eruptions.

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Fort-de-France81 017inhab.2016
Le Lamentin40 175inhab.2016
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Le Robert133 376inhab.2016
Fort-de-France121 727inhab.2016
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Population

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate9.72017
Death rate8.62017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mulatto93%2000
French3%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic84.6%2010
Protestant9.6%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
French Creole
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Economy


Economy.

The main agricultural crops are bananas, sugar cane and pineapple. Tourism is the island’s main source of income. Unemployment is high and gives rise to a strong migratory flow, mainly towards France.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)78.88index2016
GDP4 161M US$2001
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate17.6%2016
Unemployment rate, Females56.1%2014
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.6%2014
industry and services98.4%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.5%2015
industry13.9%2015
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land16.51%2015
forests45.75%2015
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2541000 t2017
roots and tubers, total2.4061000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.3571000 t2017
carrots and turnips0.111000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.1851000 t2017
lentils1.4611000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.1351000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0281000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane197.2741000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total211.2171000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.4151000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes0.241000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.3891000 t2017
bananas161.9321000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.1031000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.0251000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0961000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.0351000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.0441000 ha2017
lentils1.7591000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.461000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0291000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane4.3261000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.2491000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes0.0261000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0681000 ha2017
bananas4.7831000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber12 4102017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle13.5941000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes13.5941000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs10.51000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep11.3541000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats4.4681000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.9681000 heads2017
horses0.9681000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4111000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs2.2991000 t2017
hides and skins0.141000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs459.5t2017
freshwater fishes0.5t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
salt2001000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pumice1301000 t2012
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 650M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation99.939%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4321000 kW2016
- other renew.73.11000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 651M kWh2016
total installed capacity505.11000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol173.71000 t2014
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rum81.0811000 hl2004
sugar61000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1501000 t2016
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2005378M US$ -
2004322M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20052 300M US$ -
20042 027M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals536 000units2017
Receipts490M US$2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 000t2009
Motor vehicles169 000units2005
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers14.8per 1000 pop.2010
Computers208per 1000 pop.2004
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Illiteracy rate, adult3.3%2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds6.5per 1000 pop.2003
Physicians2.3per 1000 pop.2003
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Alcohol consumption per capita10.5litres2008
Calories available per capita/day2 865units1995
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