Area: 1 628 sq km
Population: 375 693 inhab. (estimate 2021)
Density: 230.77 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 16° N; long. 62° W
Capital: Basse-Terre (chief town) 10 046 inhab. (2018); Basse-Terre 50 876 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)

Guadeloupe

Guadeloupe
Useful information

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Pointe-à-Pitre 25.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Pointe-à-Pitre 23.5/26.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Pointe-à-Pitre 8/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Pointe-à-Pitre 1880
Days of rainfall (annual average) Pointe-à-Pitre 180

Politics and current affairs

An overseas region and department of Metropolitan France, Guadeloupe is administered by a General Council (42 members) and a Regional Council (41 members) elected directly with a mandate of six years. It is represented in Paris by four deputies and three senators. When an institutional referendum was held in 2003, the inhabitants of Guadeloupe chose to maintain their status quo, whereas the two islands of Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin decided to become separate overseas collectivities.

Geography.
This archipelago located in the Leeward Islands, in the Lesser Antilles, has two main islands: Grande-Terre in the east and Basse-Terre in the west (highest point 1467 m).

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Les Abymes54 260inhab.2016
Baie-Mahault30 868inhab.2016
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Pointe-à-Pitre - Les Abymes310 251inhab.2016
Basse-Terre50 876inhab.2018
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Population


Population.
Most of the population on the two main islands are of mixed race, while the population on the smaller islands is mainly white.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate12.42020
Death rate9.92020
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mulatto76.7%2000
mestizo10$%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic85.2%2010
Protestant7.5%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
French Creole
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Economy


The main agricultural crops, which fuel the transformation industries and exports, are sugar cane, pineapples and bananas. Over 40% of the surface area is covered by forests.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)92.22index2016
GDP4 460M US$2001
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate17$%2020
Unemployment rate, Females55.8%2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.9%2014
industry and services99.1%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3$%2015
industry11.7%2015
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land15.883%2018
forests44.469%2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1.2211000 t2018
roots and tubers, total11.1271000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages2.831000 t2018
carrots and turnips0.7551000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.9731000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.2331000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0$1000 t2017
coffee0.031000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane669.5731000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apricots0.0271000 t2018
fruits, total81.4871000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits4.7791000 t2018
grapefruits1.0111000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.211000 t2018
bananas58.1461000 t2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0911000 ha2018
sweet potatoes0.1111000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.3681000 ha2018
carrots and turnips0.0511000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.0791000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.0751000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.0011000 ha2018
coffee0.0341000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane10.3841000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.6811000 ha2018
grapefruits0.0881000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0211000 ha2018
bananas2.751000 ha2018
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber15 0002019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle77.2051000 heads2018
cattle and buffaloes77.2051000 heads2018
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs15.3961000 heads2018
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep1.341000 heads2018
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats13.8191000 heads2018
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.1671000 heads2018
asses and mules0.3061000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3111000 heads2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs1.9571000 t2018
hides and skins0.5581000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs192t2019
freshwater fishes2$t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
salt49$1000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone5$1000 t2011
pumice2001000 t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 445M kWh2018
- other renew.214.75M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4301000 kW2018
- other renew.172.61000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 659.75M kWh2018
total installed capacity587.61000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rum87.0981000 hl2020
sugar45.71000 t2020
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3101000 t2018
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2005162.5M US$ -
2004139M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20052 200M US$ -
20041 831M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals735 000units2018
Receipts860M US$2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 000t2010
Motor vehicles142 000units2005
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Computers203per 1000 pop.2004
Internet users234.2per 1000 pop.2009
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Illiteracy rate, adult3.7%2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds6.4per 1000 pop.2003
Physicians2.1per 1000 pop.2003
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to improved drinking-water source98$%2004
Access to improved sanitation64$%2004
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