Area: 1 628 sq km
Population: 382 704 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 235.08 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 16° N; long. 62° W
Capital: Basse-Terre (chief town) 10 226 inhab. (2016); Basse-Terre 51 468 inhab. (2016), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)

Guadeloupe

Guadeloupe
Useful information

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Pointe-à-Pitre 25.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Pointe-à-Pitre 23.5/26.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Pointe-à-Pitre 8/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Pointe-à-Pitre 1880
Days of rainfall (annual average) Pointe-à-Pitre 180

Politics and current affairs

An overseas region and department of Metropolitan France, Guadeloupe is administered by a General Council (40 members) and a Regional Council (41 members) elected directly with a mandate of six years. It is represented in Paris by four deputies and two senators. When an institutional referendum was held in 2003, the inhabitants of Guadeloupe chose to maintain their status quo, whereas the two islands of Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin decided to become separate overseas collectivities.

Geography.
This archipelago located in the Leeward Islands, in the Lesser Antilles, has two main islands: Grande-Terre in the east and Basse-Terre in the west (highest point 1467 m).

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Les Abymes54 260inhab.2016
Baie-Mahault30 868inhab.2016
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Pointe-à-Pitre - Les Abymes310 251inhab.2016
Basse-Terre51 468inhab.2016
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Population


Population.
Most of the population on the two main islands are of mixed race, while the population on the smaller islands is mainly white.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.52017
Death rate7.92017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mulatto76.7%2000
mestizo10%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic85.2%2010
Protestant7.5%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
French Creole
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Economy


The main agricultural crops, which fuel the transformation industries and exports, are sugar cane, pineapples and bananas. 38% of the surface area is covered by forests.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)92.22index2016
GDP4 460M US$2001
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate23.8%2016
Unemployment rate, Females55.8%2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.9%2014
industry and services99.1%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3%2015
industry11.7%2015
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land15.33%2015
forests42.98%2015
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1.2351000 t2017
roots and tubers, total10.2951000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages2.5981000 t2017
carrots and turnips0.581000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.9661000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.2611000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa01000 t2017
coffee0.0311000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane671.9531000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apricots0.0251000 t2017
fruits, total94.0631000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits4.9881000 t2017
grapefruits1.2621000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.2221000 t2017
bananas52.5831000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0771000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.1181000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.3051000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.0451000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.0851000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.0011000 ha2017
coffee0.0321000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane10.4881000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.6941000 ha2017
grapefruits0.111000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.021000 ha2017
bananas2.5031000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber15 3002017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle76.9751000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes76.9751000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs15.1861000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep1.3841000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats9.41000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.1631000 heads2017
asses and mules0.3021000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3201000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.5391000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs1.621000 t2017
hides and skins0.6021000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs282t2017
freshwater fishes2t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
salt491000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone51000 t2011
pumice2001000 t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 450M kWh2016
- other renew.147M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4601000 kW2016
- other renew.1381000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 597M kWh2016
total installed capacity6081000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rum591000 hl2005
sugar591000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3001000 t2016
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2005162.5M US$ -
2004139M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20052 200M US$ -
20041 831M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals650 000units2017
Receipts614M US$2015
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 000t2010
Motor vehicles142 000units2005
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Computers203per 1000 pop.2004
Internet users234.2per 1000 pop.2009
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Illiteracy rate, adult3.7%2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds6.4per 1000 pop.2003
Physicians2.1per 1000 pop.2003
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to improved drinking-water source98%2004
Access to improved sanitation64%2004
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