Area: 83 534 sq km
Population: 294 146 inhab. (estimate 2021)
Density: 3.52 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 6° - 2° N; long. 55° - 52° W
Capital: Cayenne (chief town) 63 652 inhab. (2018); Cayenne 144 501 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)

French Guiana

Guyane française
Useful information

GMT  -3
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Cayenne 26.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Cayenne 26/26
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Cayenne 6/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Cayenne 2685
Days of rainfall (annual average) Cayenne 169

Politics and current affairs

A unique overseas territorial collectivity, since 2015 it has been administrated by the Assembly of Guiana, which has united the jurisdiction of the General and Regional Council, and consists of 65 members, elected by direct suffrage for a five-year term. Central government is represented by a Prefect. The department sends two deputies and two senators to the French Parliament in Paris. The infamous penal colony of “Devil’s Island” was closed in 1946. Some political groups are fighting for greater independence.

Geography.
French Guiana is bordered by Suriname to the west, Brazil to the east and south; the Atlantic Ocean lies off its north and north-eastern coast. The coast is fringed with mangrove swamps, while inland there is a plateau covered with thick forest.

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Cayenne63 652inhab.2018
Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni45 576inhab.2018
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Cayenne144 501inhab.2018
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Population

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate27.52020
Death rate3.42020
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic74.3%2015
other religions12.4%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
French Creole
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Economy


Economy.
The forests produce a great deal of timber of different kinds, as well as oils, essences and resins. The main crops are rice, cassava and sugar cane.
The expansion of the European Space Agency (ESA) base at Kourou has had a positive effect on the local economy.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)126.57index2016
GDP1 308M US$2001
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population79 400units2020
Active population, Females48.6%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate16$%2020
Unemployment rate, Females51.6%2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture11.7%2014
industry and services88.3%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture4.2%2015
industry16.5%2015
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.227%2018
forests96.724%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total3.271000 t2018
maize0.4171000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava30$1000 t2018
roots and tubers, total33.8951000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages6.71000 t2018
cucumbers2.681000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.541000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.4071000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane8.11000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total51.0841000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits16.641000 t2018
citrus fruits, nes0$1000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados1.4911000 t2018
bananas8$1000 t2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0831000 ha2018
rice1.881000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava6.11000 ha2018
taro1.3881000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.421000 ha2018
cucumbers0.1651000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.061000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.1471000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.121000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.7451000 ha2018
citrus fruits, nes0$1000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.061000 ha2018
bananas0.81000 ha2018
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber232 4332019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle18.1911000 heads2018
cattle and buffaloes18.1911000 heads2018
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs4.9851000 heads2018
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep1.0891000 heads2018
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats1.6891000 heads2018
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.91000 heads2018
horses0.91000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1391000 heads2018
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0171000 t2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.6891000 t2018
hides and skins0.0821000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs255t2019
freshwater fishes32$t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
columbite-tantalite1.5t2013
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold1 300kg2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro538M kWh2018
- thermal500M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1401000 kW2018
- hydro1191000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 099.65M kWh2018
total installed capacity307.671000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rum2.6261000 hl2012
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement80$1000 t2018
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
200592.9M US$ -
200489.9M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2005739M US$ -
2004674M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals111 000units2017
Receipts49$M US$2007
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 000t2009
Motor vehicles40 000units2005
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Computers180per 1000 pop.2004
Internet users257per 1000 pop.2009
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.9per 1000 pop.2003
Physicians1.9per 1000 pop.2003
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malaria212cases2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Alcohol consumption per capita10.8litres2009
CO2 emissions0.87M t2018
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