Area: 83 534 sq km
Population: 281 612 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 3.37 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 6° - 2° N; long. 55° - 52° W
Capital: Cayenne (chief town) 57 614 inhab. (2015); Cayenne 131 922 inhab. (2015), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)

French Guiana

Guyane française
Useful information

GMT  -3
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Cayenne 26.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Cayenne 26/26
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Cayenne 6/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Cayenne 2685
Days of rainfall (annual average) Cayenne 169

Politics and current affairs

A unique overseas territorial collectivity, since 2015 it has been administrated by the Assembly of Guiana, which has united the jurisdiction of the General and Regional Council, and consists of 51 members, elected by direct suffrage for a six-year term. Central government is represented by a Prefect. The department sends two deputies and two senators to the French Parliament in Paris. The infamous penal colony of “Devil’s Island” was closed in 1946. Some political groups are fighting for greater independence.

Geography.
French Guiana is bordered by Suriname to the west, Brazil to the east and south; the Atlantic Ocean lies off its north and north-eastern coast. The coast is fringed with mangrove swamps, while inland there is a plateau covered with thick forest.

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Cayenne57 614inhab.2015
Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni43 600inhab.2015
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Cayenne131 922inhab.2015
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Population

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate26.92016
Death rate3.32016
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic76.9%2010
other religions12.2%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
French Creole
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Economy


Economy.
The forests produce a great deal of timber of different kinds, as well as oils, essences and resins. The main crops are rice, cassava and sugar cane.
The expansion of the European Space Agency (ESA) base at Kourou has had a positive effect on the local economy.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)126.57index2016
GDP1 308M US$2001
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate23.2%2016
Unemployment rate, Females51.6%2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture11.7%2014
industry and services88.3%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.9%2013
industry16.9%2013
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.23%2015
forests98.91%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total10.8841000 t2016
maize3.1081000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava25.7121000 t2016
roots and tubers, total29.7891000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages5.3981000 t2016
cucumbers1.1391000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.3421000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.2811000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane6.0951000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total35.6611000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits4.3481000 t2016
citrus fruits, nes01000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados2.1991000 t2016
bananas9.0951000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.3121000 ha2016
rice1.6591000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava5.1421000 ha2016
taro1.2511000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.311000 ha2016
cucumbers0.1591000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.0311000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.0821000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.1041000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.3381000 ha2016
citrus fruits, nes01000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.061000 ha2016
bananas0.8351000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber239 3202016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle18.9451000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes18.9451000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs4.6341000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep1.3151000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2.431000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.951000 heads2016
horses0.951000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1381000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.681000 t2016
hides and skins0.0491000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs700t2016
freshwater fishes48t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
columbite-tantalite1.5t2013
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold1 500kg2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro490M kWh2015
- thermal340M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1401000 kW2015
- hydro1191000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation830M kWh2015
total installed capacity3001000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rum3.7861000 hl2004
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement83.41000 t2015
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
200592.9M US$ -
200489.9M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2005739M US$ -
2004674M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals83 000units2009
Receipts49M US$2007
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 000t2009
Motor vehicles40 000units2005
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Computers180per 1000 pop.2004
Internet users257per 1000 pop.2009
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.9per 1000 pop.2003
Physicians1.9per 1000 pop.2003
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malaria258cases2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Alcohol consumption per capita10.8litres2009
CO2 emissions0.852M t2015
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