Area: 83 534 sq km
Population: 296 711 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 3.55 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 6° - 2° N; long. 55° - 52° W
Capital: Cayenne (chief town) 60 947 inhab. (2016); Cayenne 139 348 inhab. (2016), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)

French Guiana

Guyane française
Useful information

GMT  -3
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Cayenne 26.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Cayenne 26/26
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Cayenne 6/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Cayenne 2685
Days of rainfall (annual average) Cayenne 169

Politics and current affairs

A unique overseas territorial collectivity, since 2015 it has been administrated by the Assembly of Guiana, which has united the jurisdiction of the General and Regional Council, and consists of 51 members, elected by direct suffrage for a six-year term. Central government is represented by a Prefect. The department sends two deputies and two senators to the French Parliament in Paris. The infamous penal colony of “Devil’s Island” was closed in 1946. Some political groups are fighting for greater independence.

Geography.
French Guiana is bordered by Suriname to the west, Brazil to the east and south; the Atlantic Ocean lies off its north and north-eastern coast. The coast is fringed with mangrove swamps, while inland there is a plateau covered with thick forest.

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Cayenne60 947inhab.2016
Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni44 130inhab.2016
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Cayenne139 348inhab.2016
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Population

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate29.42017
Death rate3.52017
Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic76.9%2010
other religions12.2%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
French Creole
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Economy


Economy.
The forests produce a great deal of timber of different kinds, as well as oils, essences and resins. The main crops are rice, cassava and sugar cane.
The expansion of the European Space Agency (ESA) base at Kourou has had a positive effect on the local economy.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)126.57index2016
GDP1 308M US$2001
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate23.2%2016
Unemployment rate, Females51.6%2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture11.7%2014
industry and services88.3%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture4.2%2015
industry16.5%2015
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.23%2015
forests98.91%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total4.2381000 t2017
maize0.6581000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava29.9651000 t2017
roots and tubers, total34.0151000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages5.9361000 t2017
cucumbers2.3661000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.431000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.2831000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane11.191000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total35.6611000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits4.1431000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes01000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.91000 t2017
bananas8.8461000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.1311000 ha2017
rice1.8991000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava5.8131000 ha2017
taro1.1411000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.361000 ha2017
cucumbers0.1941000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.0431000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.0821000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.1811000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.3171000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes01000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.061000 ha2017
bananas0.8581000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber242 3652017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle18.5821000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes18.5821000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs4.7721000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep1.041000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats1.641000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.861000 heads2017
horses0.861000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1371000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.691000 t2017
hides and skins0.0491000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs665t2017
freshwater fishes45t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
columbite-tantalite1.5t2013
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold1 600kg2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro440M kWh2016
- thermal410M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1401000 kW2016
- hydro1191000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation904M kWh2016
total installed capacity3061000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rum3.7861000 hl2004
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement76.11000 t2016
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
200592.9M US$ -
200489.9M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2005739M US$ -
2004674M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals83 000units2009
Receipts49M US$2007
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 000t2009
Motor vehicles40 000units2005
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Computers180per 1000 pop.2004
Internet users257per 1000 pop.2009
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.9per 1000 pop.2003
Physicians1.9per 1000 pop.2003
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malaria597cases2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Alcohol consumption per capita10.8litres2009
CO2 emissions0.777M t2016
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