Form of Government: Republic
Area: 12 281 sq km
Population: 301 695 inhab. (census 2020)
Density: 24.57 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 12° - 21° S; long. 157° - 174° E
Capital: Port Vila (capital) 49 528 inhab. (2020);
Currency: vatu
Human development index: 0.609 (rank: 140)
President: Tallis Obed Moses (independent), since 6 July 2017
Prime Minister: Bob Loughman (Our Land Party), since 20 April 2020
Internet: www.vnso.gov.vu (National Statistics Office)
Member of Commonwealth, OAS observer, SPC, UN, WTO

Vanuatu

Vanuatu, Ripablik blong Vanuatu, Republic of Vanuatu, République de Vanuatu
Useful information

International license plate code VU
International dialling code 00678
Travel vaccinations requirement malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .vu

GMT  +11
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Port Vila 24.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Port Vila 26.5/22
Annual average precipitation (mm) Port Vila 2229
Days of rainfall (annual average) Port Vila 174

Geography.
A Melanesian archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, Vanuatu was partly created by volcanic activity (the volcano Manaro on the island of Aoba has periodically been extremely active). The islands have a coastline ringed by coral reefs. The climate is humid and tropical.

Government


Formerly a joint Anglo-French dominion as part of the New Hebrides, it has been an independent state within the Commonwealth since 1980. The President of the Republic is elected for a 5-year mandate by the parliament (52 members) and by local council representatives. The country has cooperation agreements with Australia.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides2.1per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ProvinceAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Malampa2 808 sq km42 376 inhab.2020
Penama1 204 sq km35 474 inhab.2020
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Port Vila49 528inhab.2020
Luganville18 062inhab.2020
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate29.1752019
Death rate5.1972019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Melanesian99.2%2016
other0.8%2016


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other religions31.1%2009
Protestant27.8%2009


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Bislama (official)
English (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years33.6%2020
15-29 years28.4%2020


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Economy


Subsistence farming is widespread. The most important sectors of the economy are tourism, commercial farming (copra, cacao, palm oil, vegetable and coffee), cattle rearing, fishing and offshore financial services.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)124.01index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)99.81index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population129 484units2020
Active population, Females43.6%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2$%2020
Unemployment rate, Females48.8%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses29 282.5M LCU2019
Revenues40 274.3M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture55.8%2019
industry6.3%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture22.879%2019
industry11.073%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation13.43BN LCU2020
International reserves613.637M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land11.895%2018
forests36.284%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.9161000 t2019
maize0.9161000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
roots and tubers, total53.8861000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts2.6241000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts302.5321000 t2019
copra34.51000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa2$1000 t2019
coffee0.0311000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total21.811000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas16.6691000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1.4881000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts2.3271000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts89.8171000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa3.8431000 ha2019
coffee0.051000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.8131000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber129 0002019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle177.9951000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes177.9951000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs100.8571000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats31.4121000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total7.61000 heads2019
horses7.61000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds9751000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.6661000 t2019
hides and skins0.4571000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs810t2019
freshwater fishes12.36t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation85.597%2018
- thermal60$M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal27$1000 kW2018
- other renew.9.081000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation70.1M kWh2018
total installed capacity36.081000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil4.5541000 t2018
vegetable oils4.5541000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production26.507M US$2015
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products85.3% of goods exports2011
manufactures8.2% of goods exports2011
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202069$M US$ -
201958$M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020295M US$ -
2019333M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures21$M US$2018
Number of arrivals121 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown3 000 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried466.91000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers26.304per 1000 pop.2019
Computers13.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.4years2004
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female107.778index2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level45 931units2015
Students, secondary level20 568units2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.7per 1000 pop.2008
Physicians0.17per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malaria576cases2019
Tuberculosis41$per 100 000 pop.2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking7.8%2019
Access to electricity64.666%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear0.4%2010
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco60.5%2010
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