Form of Government: Republic
Area: 12 281 sq km
Population: 276 244 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 22.49 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 12° - 21° S; long. 157° - 174° E
Capital: Port Vila (capital) 51 437 inhab. (2016);
Currency: vatu
Human development index: 0.603 (rank: 138)
President: Tallis Obed Moses (independent), since 6 July 2017
Prime Minister: Charlot Salwai (Reunification of Movements for Change), since 11 February 2016
Internet: www.vnso.gov.vu (National Statistics Office)
Member of Commonwealth, OAS observer, SPC, UN, WTO

Vanuatu

Vanuatu, Ripablik blong Vanuatu, Republic of Vanuatu, République de Vanuatu
Useful information

International license plate code VU
International dialling code 00678
Travel vaccinations requirement malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .vu

GMT  +11
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Port Vila 24.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Port Vila 26.5/22
Annual average precipitation (mm) Port Vila 2229
Days of rainfall (annual average) Port Vila 174

Geography.
A Melanesian archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, Vanuatu was partly created by volcanic activity (the volcano Manaro on the island of Aoba has periodically been extremely active). The islands have a coastline ringed by coral reefs. The climate is humid and tropical.

Government


Formerly a joint Anglo-French dominion as part of the New Hebrides, it has been an independent state within the Commonwealth since 1980. The President of the Republic is elected for a 5-year mandate by the parliament (52 members) and by local council representatives. The country has cooperation agreements with Australia.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides2.1per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ProvinceAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Malampa2 808 sq km40 928 inhab.2016
Penama1 204 sq km32 534 inhab.2016
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Port Vila51 437inhab.2016
Luganville16 312inhab.2016
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate25.52017
Death rate4.82017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Melanesian99.2%2016
other0.8%2016


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other religions31.1%2009
Protestant27.8%2009


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Bislama (official)
English (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years34.9%2018
15-29 years28.2%2018


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Economy


Subsistence farming is widespread. The most important sectors of the economy are tourism, commercial farming (copra, cacao, palm oil, vegetable and coffee), cattle rearing, fishing and offshore financial services.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)124.01index2016
Balance of trade- 280M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population127 650units2018
Active population, Females43.7%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.4%2018
Unemployment rate, Females49.5%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses24 846.9M LCU2018
Revenues36 123.1M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture61.1%2018
industry6.5%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture24%2017
industry10.4%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation11.55BN LCU2018
International reserves420.6M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land11.89%2015
forests36.1%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.9041000 t2017
maize0.9041000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
roots and tubers, total52.7991000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts2.6531000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts350.4061000 t2017
copra34.51000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa1.8131000 t2017
coffee0.0261000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total21.9931000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas16.5471000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1.471000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts2.2961000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts92.0621000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa3.5491000 ha2017
coffee0.0441000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.7071000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber129 0002017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle175.5341000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes175.5341000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs97.8121000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats29.3231000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total7.631000 heads2017
horses7.631000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds8801000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.631000 t2017
hides and skins0.5181000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs3 474t2017
freshwater fishes10t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation84.126%2016
- thermal53M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal271000 kW2016
- other renew.101000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation63M kWh2016
total installed capacity371000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil101000 t2014
vegetable oils101000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production26.5M US$2015
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products85.3% of goods exports2011
manufactures8.2% of goods exports2011
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201870M US$ -
201747M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018350M US$ -
2017370M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures34M US$2015
Number of arrivals109 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown3 000 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried3391000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers21.144per 1000 pop.2017
Computers13.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.4years2004
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female119index2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level1 729units2015
Teachers, secondary level1 000units2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.7per 1000 pop.2008
Physicians0.2per 1000 pop.2012
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malaria1 072cases2017
Tuberculosis51per 100 000 pop.2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking12.57%2016
Access to electricity62.784%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear0.4%2010
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco60.5%2010
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