Form of Government: Republic
Area: 444 103 sq km
Population: 33 905 242 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 76.35 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 46° - 37° N; long. 56° - 73° E
Capital: Tashkent=Toshkent (capital) 2 464 900 inhab. (2018);
Currency: som (100 tiyin)
Human development index: 0.71 (rank: 108)
President and head of government: Šavkat Mirzijaev (OLDP), since 8 September 2016, elected 4 December 2016
Prime Minister: Abdulla Aripov (OLDP), since 14 December 2016
Chamber of Deputies: seats held following elections on 22 December 2019 and 5 January 2020: OLDP (Liberal Democratic Party), 53; OMTDP (National Revival Democratic Party), 36; ASDP (Justice Social Democratic Party), 24; OXDP (People’s Democratic Party), 22; Ecological Party of Uzbekistan, 15
Internet: www.stat.uz (State Committee on Statistics)
Member of CIS, EBRD, OIC, OSCE, SCO, UN, WTO observer

Uzbekistan

O‘zbekiston, O‘zbekiston Respublikasi
Useful information

International license plate code UZ
International dialling code 00998
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .uz

GMT  +5
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Toshkent 12.8
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Toshkent -1.5/25.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Toshkent 12/4
Annual average precipitation (mm) Toshkent 417
Days of rainfall (annual average) Toshkent 59

Geography.
Bordered to the north and north-west by Kazakhstan, to the east by Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, to the southeast by Afghanistan and by Turkmenistan to the south. The country is partly desertic in the centre (the Kyzylkum) and also in the east, in the western foothills of the Tien Shan. In the north-western part there is the Aral Sea, which is in advanced state of being completely drained. The climate is continental with cold winters and hot, long summers.

Government


A former Soviet republic of the USSR, Uzbekistan became independent on 31 August 1991; until 2016, President Islam Karimov has been in office, who has established an authoritarian and personal regime, actually stopping the formation of any organised opposition. According to the 1992 Constitution, which was modified in 2002, the President of the Republic, who has wide-ranging powers, is elected by direct suffrage for a seven-year term. There are two houses of Parliament (the Chamber of Deputies with 150 members who are elected for a five-year term, and a Senate with 100 members).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force15.6%2015
Army51.1%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tashkent=Toshkent2 464 900inhab.2018
Samarkand=Samarqand519 200inhab.2016
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate23.32018
Death rate4.72018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Uzbek83.8%2017
Tajik4.8%2017


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim93%2015
Orthodox4%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Kazakh
Russian
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years23.6%2018
15-29 years28.2%2018


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Economy


In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic interrupted a period of high economic growth connected to revenue from hydrocarbons, cotton and gold exports, which fuel investment in infrastructure. The new presidency launched an extensive reform plan in 2017-18 to liberalize the economy and encourage foreign investments.
The dominant crop is cotton, grown widely thanks to irrigation from the waters of the River Amu Darya, this being one of the causes of the problems of the Aral Sea. Other products are tomatoes and other vegetable, wheat and fruit. Cattle and sheep farming is extremely important because of the prized karakul sheep.
The subsoil is rich in natural gas, oil, lignite, uranium and other metals (copper, gold, silver, lead, zinc, bauxite, tungsten, fluorspar and molybdenum). Industries are mostly based on the natural resources (metal-working, iron and steel works, chemical, petrochemical, plastic materials and cement). Other industries include machinery (motor-vehicle assembly in Andijon), foodstuffs and textiles.
The main trading partners are China, Switzerland, Russia and Kazakhstan.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)166.54index2016
Balance of trade-7 000M US$2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population15 555 948units2019
Active population, Females40.8%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.9%2019
Unemployment rate, Females39.3%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses86 327 000M LCU2018
Revenues113 401 000M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture23.9%2019
industry29.5%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture31.7%2018
industry31.3%2018
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation26 310.3BN LCU2019
International reserves29 291.3M US$2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land11.21%2015
forests7.57%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley111.761000 t2018
cereals, total11 718.6631000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes2 911.9331000 t2018
roots and tubers, total2 911.9331000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes3.891000 t2018
cabbages743.4111000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green8.1211000 t2018
broad beans, dry11.4611000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes1 589.7841000 t2018
raisins391000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives0.1171000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts19.3021000 t2018
rapeseed1.3141000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.2111000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet01000 t2016
tobacco5.571000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton2 293.0391000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed11000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute15.9391000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples1 130.3351000 t2018
apricots493.8421000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds19.4461000 t2018
hazelnuts3.7111000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits16.7711000 t2018
citrus fruits, nes11.8631000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.651000 t2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley90.2311000 ha2018
maize39.8131000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes86.4431000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.1031000 ha2018
cabbages14.0271000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.5761000 ha2018
broad beans, dry2.3121000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape100.9151000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive0.1191000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts1.0331000 ha2018
rapeseed1.9991000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.3051000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet01000 ha2016
tobacco2.4331000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton1 108.2461000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed31000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute1.8211000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples98.1171000 ha2018
apricots38.6941000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds2.7171000 ha2018
hazelnuts3.2191000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.0811000 ha2018
citrus fruits, nes0.721000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms01000 ha2014
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber34 0002018
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle12 8141000 heads2018
cattle and buffaloes12 8141000 heads2018
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs58.8561000 heads2018
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep17 7751000 heads2018
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats3 8061000 heads2018
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses222.9751000 heads2018
asses and mules222.9751000 heads2018
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels19.4261000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds53 9521000 heads2018
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey12.5781000 t2018
Livestock - Silk farming
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
silk, raw1.21000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter4.4631000 t2014
cheese22.651000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes90 652t2018
total catch90 984t2018
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal1271000 t2018
coal, total4 052.81000 t2019
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copper1001000 t2016
molybdenum0.21000 t2019
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bentonite261000 t2016
feldspar4.31000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
kaolin3041000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold100 000kg2019
silver47 000kg2016
Mineral resources - Other minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
iodine2t2013
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal50 440M kWh2018
- hydro8 343M kWh2017
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal11 1671000 kW2017
- hydro1 8401000 kW2018
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation58 507M kWh2017
total installed capacity13 0121000 kW2017
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copper, primary1001000 t2016
steel, crude6661000 t2019
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes108 718no.2016
cars271 113no.2019
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners117 478no.2016
computers13 101no.2016
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen501000 t2017
petrol1 299.71000 t2015
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia1 2001000 t2019
artificial yarn1.051000 t2016
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets31 9751000 m²2016
cotton fabrics162.4M m²2016
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear38 038 982pairs2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley2851000 t2014
cottonseed oil268.91000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes10 399M units2016
cigars and cigarettes10 399M units2016
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemical pulp7.41000 t2018
chemi-mechanical pulp7.41000 t2018
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement8 4901000 t2017
sheet glass7 310.81000 m²2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production11 332.7M US$2019
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures34.387% of goods exports2018
fuels34.310% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia1 461M US$2007
Poland631M US$2006
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia1 729M US$2007
China765M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201916 000M US$ -
201811 224M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201923 000M US$ -
201817 312M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures2 722M US$2018
Number of arrivals5 346 000units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown43 800 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried3 056.61000 units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers126.97per 1000 pop.2018
Computers31.3per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.1years2017
Graduates67 897units2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level115 554units2018
Teachers, secondary level373 767units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending28.4% of total expenses2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.66per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians2.72per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2018
Tuberculosis70per 100 000 pop.2018
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums100units2019
Museums, visitors7 777 800units2019
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.1% of GDP2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking92.1%2016
Access to electricity100%2018
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