Form of Government: Republic
Area: 444 103 sq km
Population: 32 656 700 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 73.53 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 46° - 37° N; long. 56° - 73° E
Capital: Tashkent=Toshkent (capital) 2 464 900 inhab. (2018);
Currency: som (100 tiyin)
Human development index: 0.71 (rank: 105)
President and head of government: Šavkat Mirzijaev (OLDP), since 8 September 2016, elected 4 December 2016
Prime Minister: Abdulla Aripov (OLDP), since 14 December 2016
Chamber of Deputies: seats held following elections on 21 December 2014 and 4 January 2015: OLDP (Liberal Democratic Party), 52; OMTDP (National Revival Democratic Party), 36; OXDP (People’s Democratic Party), 27; ASDP (Justice Social Democratic Party), 20; Ecological Movement, 15
Internet: www.stat.uz (State Committee on Statistics)
Member of CIS, EBRD, OIC, OSCE, SCO, UN, WTO observer

Uzbekistan

O‘zbekiston, O‘zbekiston Respublikasi
Useful information

International license plate code UZ
International dialling code 00998
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .uz

GMT  +5
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Toshkent 12.8
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Toshkent -1.5/25.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Toshkent 12/4
Annual average precipitation (mm) Toshkent 417
Days of rainfall (annual average) Toshkent 59

Politics and current affairs

President Karimov, in power since 1991, died on 2 September 2016; Prime Minister S. Mirzijaev took over the role on 8 September and was formally confirmed on 4 December.

Geography.
Bordered to the north and north-west by Kazakhstan, to the east by Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, to the southeast by Afghanistan and by Turkmenistan to the south. The country is partly desertic in the centre (the Kyzylkum) and also in the east, in the western foothills of the Tien Shan. In the north-western part there is the Aral Sea, which is in advanced state of being completely drained. The climate is continental with cold winters and hot, long summers.

Government


A former Soviet republic of the USSR, Uzbekistan became independent on 31 August 1991; until 2016, President Islam Karimov has been in office, who has established an authoritarian and personal regime, actually stopping the formation of any organised opposition.
According to the 1992 Constitution, which was modified in 2002, the President of the Republic, who has wide-ranging powers, is elected by direct suffrage for a seven-year term. There are two houses of Parliament (the Chamber of Deputies with 150 members who are elected for a five-year term, and a Senate with 100 members).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force15.6%2015
Army51.1%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3per 100 000 pop.2015
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tashkent=Toshkent2 464 900inhab.2018
Samarkand=Samarqand519 200inhab.2016
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate22.12017
Death rate52017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Uzbek83.8%2017
Tajik4.8%2017


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim93%2015
Orthodox4%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Kazakh
Russian
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years23.6%2018
15-29 years28.2%2018


TOP

Economy


The new presidency launched an extensive reform plan in 2017-18 to liberalize the economy and encourage foreign investments. The high rate of economic growth is connected to revenue from hydrocarbons, cotton and gold exports, which fuel investment in infrastructure. The dominant crop is cotton, grown widely thanks to irrigation from the waters of the River Amu Darya, this being one of the causes of the problems of the Aral Sea. Other products are tomatoes and other vegetable, wheat and fruit. Cattle and sheep farming is extremely important because of the prized karakul sheep.
The subsoil is rich in natural gas, oil, lignite, uranium and other metals (copper, gold, silver, lead, zinc, bauxite, tungsten, fluorspar and molybdenum). Industries are mostly based on the natural resources (metal-working, iron and steel works, chemical, petrochemical, plastic materials and cement). Other industries include machinery, foodstuffs and textiles. The country exports cotton and textile products, hydrocarbons, metals and chemical products.
The main trading partners are China, Switzerland, Russia and Kazakhstan.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)166.54index2016
Balance of trade-6 088.6M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population15 457 895units2018
Active population, Females41.4%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.2%2018
Unemployment rate, Females39.8%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses49 344 000M LCU2017
Revenues49 681 000M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture33.4%2018
industry30.3%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture19.7%2017
industry34.2%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation19 449BN LCU2017
International reserves28 077M US$2017
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land11.21%2015
forests7.57%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley134.271000 t2017
cereals, total7 043.1551000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes2 793.6891000 t2017
roots and tubers, total2 793.6891000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes4.2511000 t2017
cabbages904.4881000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green7.7181000 t2017
broad beans, dry15.4351000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes1 625.5111000 t2017
raisins391000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives0.1161000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts25.5871000 t2017
rapeseed1.3281000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.2341000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet01000 t2016
tobacco5.5431000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton2 900.1751000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.9781000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute201000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples1 028.7961000 t2017
apricots532.5651000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds4.2711000 t2017
hazelnuts3.4181000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits8.8081000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes3.4431000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.651000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley99.5261000 ha2017
maize37.4171000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes78.2511000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.121000 ha2017
cabbages11.4291000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.5641000 ha2017
broad beans, dry2.4581000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape103.5521000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive0.1161000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts1.0941000 ha2017
rapeseed1.6081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.3461000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet01000 ha2016
tobacco3.5531000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton1 201.1821000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed2.9111000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute1.851000 ha2014
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples94.5171000 ha2017
apricots41.7111000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds1.3021000 ha2017
hazelnuts2.9981000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.0371000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes0.6671000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms01000 ha2014
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber34 0002017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle12 4711000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes12 4711000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs75.31000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep16 810.81000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats3 830.11000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses266.91000 heads2017
asses and mules266.91000 heads2017
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels17.6851000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds63 6391000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey8.7511000 t2014
Livestock - Silk farming
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
silk, raw1.21000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter4.4631000 t2014
cheese22.651000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes83 770t2017
total catch83 900t2017
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal3601000 t2016
coal, total11 031.81000 t2018
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copper1011000 t2015
molybdenum0.451000 t2018
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bentonite261000 t2016
feldspar4.31000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
kaolin3041000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold105 000kg2018
silver61 000kg2015
Mineral resources - Other minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
iodine2t2013
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal43 699.66M kWh2016
- hydro11 850M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal11 1671000 kW2016
- hydro1 7901000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation55 554.66M kWh2016
total installed capacity12 9611000 kW2016
TOP

Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copper, primary1001000 t2015
steel, crude6801000 t2018
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes108 718no.2016
cars220 667no.2018
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners117 478no.2016
computers13 101no.2016
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen441000 t2016
petrol1 299.71000 t2015
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia1 1001000 t2018
artificial yarn1.051000 t2016
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets31 9751000 m²2016
cotton fabrics162.4M m²2016
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear38 038 982pairs2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley2851000 t2014
cottonseed oil268.91000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes10 399M units2016
cigars and cigarettes10 399M units2016
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemical pulp7.41000 t2017
chemi-mechanical pulp7.41000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement8 3001000 t2016
sheet glass7 310.81000 m²2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production6 846.2M US$2015
TOP

Trade

International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia1 461M US$2007
Poland631M US$2006
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia1 729M US$2007
China765M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201811 218M US$ -
201710 390M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201817 306M US$ -
201712 037M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals2 690 000units2017
Receipts121M US$2010
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown43 800 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried2 581.91000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers104.047per 1000 pop.2017
Computers31.3per 1000 pop.2008
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12years2017
Graduates67 498units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level113 072units2017
Teachers, secondary level376 861units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending29.5% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4per 1000 pop.2013
Physicians2.5per 1000 pop.2014
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.3% of adults2017
Tuberculosis73per 100 000 pop.2017
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.2% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking92.1%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
TOP