Form of Government: Republic
Area: 241 551 sq km
Population: 39 040 900 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 161.63 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 4° N - 1° S; long. 29° - 35° E
Capital: Kampala (capital) 1 620 600 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Uganda shilling (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.516 (rank: 162)
President and head of government: Yoweri Museveni (NRM), since 29 January 1986, elected 9 May 1996, last reconfirmed 18 February 2016
Prime Minister: Ruhakana Rugunda (NRM), since 18 September 2014
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 18 February 2016: NRM (National Resistance Movement), 293; FDC (Forum for Democratic Change), 36; DP (Democratic Party), 15; UPC (Uganda People's Congress), 6; independents, 66; military, 10
Internet: www.ubos.org (Uganda Bureau of Statistics)
Member of AU, COMESA, Commonwealth, EAC, OIC, UN, WTO

Uganda

Uganda, Republic of Uganda, Jamhuri ya Uganda
Useful information

International license plate code EAU
International dialling code 00256
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended; it is also required if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .ug

GMT  +3
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Kampala 21.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Kampala 22/20.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Kampala 6/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Kampala 1580
Days of rainfall (annual average) Kampala 127

Politics and current affairs

On 20 December 2017, Parliament eliminated the age limit for the presidency, allowing Y. Museveni to run in the upcoming elections.

Geography.
Uganda is bordered by South Sudan to the north, Kenya to the east, Tanzania to the south, Rwanda to the southwest and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. The country consists of a vast plateau which rises in the west until it reaches the peak of Mount Ruwenzori (5109 m). There are parts of various large lakes within Uganda: Lake Victoria to the south; Lake Edward and Lake Albert to the west and the whole of Lake Kyoga.
The main river is the White Nile.
The climate is equatorial, varying slightly with altitude.

Government


A former British colony, Uganda became independent within the Commonwealth on 9 October 1962 and the republic was declared on 9 October 1963. On 15 April 1966 the Prime Minister, Milton Obote, took over the Presidency, a position previously reserved for the King of Buganda, which gave rise to a unitary Constitution. From 1971 to 1979 the country was ruled by the dictator Idi Amin Dada, who was later forced to flee. The current political structure of the country stems from the victory on 25 January 1985 of the guerrilla National Resistance Movement led by Yoweri Museveni, which had been fighting since 1981, firstly against Obote (who came back to power in 1980) and then against the army (in power from 1985). The authoritarian regime imposed by Museveni has governed the country for almost 30 years.
A multi-party electoral system, which was thrown out in 2000, was introduced following a referendum on 30 July 2005.
The President of the Republic, who is also the head of the executive, is elected by direct suffrage for a five-year term. The Parliament has 426 members elected for five years, of whom 289 are directly elected, 112 are women members, 25 represent social categories (10 representing the military, 5 representing workers, 5 representing the disabled and 5 representing young people) and 13 ex officio members.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2017
Military expenditure1.7% of GDP2017
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes669.1per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides11.8per 100 000 pop.2017
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Kampala1 620 600inhab.2018
Nansana468 600inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate41.72017
Death rate8.52017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other32.1%2014
Baganda16.5%2014


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic39.3%2014
Anglican32%2014


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Luganda
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years47.8%2018
15-29 years29%2018


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Economy


Economic situation.
In 2018-19, the positive trend of harvests and the expansion of the IT and telecommunications sector drove growth. Low revenue and increased expenditure raised the public deficit. The country is investing in boosting exports and improving infrastructure through foreign financers (especially Chinese).

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)91.78index2016
Balance of trade-3 486.1M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population16 532 793units2018
Active population, Females48.1%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate9.4%2017
Unemployment rate, Females52.4%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses20 480 300M LCU2018
Revenues15 698 800M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture70.8%2018
industry7.4%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture26.5%2017
industry21.3%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation5 125.79BN LCU2018
International reserves3 358.5M US$2018
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Agriculture


Primary sector
Agriculture and forests.
Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, favoured by the climate and the fertile soils.
Uganda is one of the world’s largest producers of coffee and tea, which is mostly exported. Other commercial crops grown include cotton, sugar cane, tobacco, oil palm, peanuts and sesame seeds. It has increased the importance of maize and rice, produced for domestic consumption as well as export, and floriculture.
The main subsistence-level crops are bananas, cassava, potatoes and sweet potatoes, sorghum, millet and dried beans. Forests are also an important resource providing mahogany and other types of hardwood and a small amount of rubber.
Livestock and fishing.
There is livestock farming, using rather backward farming methods, but with a good number of cattle, goats, sheep and pigs.
Fishing, which takes place on inland waters (especially Lake Victoria), is an important source of food.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land45.38%2015
forests10.36%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total3 831.4481000 t2017
maize3 015.3161000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava2 436.8571000 t2017
potatoes1651000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers3.81000 t2008
onions, dry344.2611000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry1 024.7421000 t2017
chick peas5.1681000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed11000 t2017
groundnuts215.1521000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa31.3121000 t2017
coffee209.3251000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane3 858.4561000 t2017
tobacco31.2221000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton78.9631000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal0.0041000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total5 221.8391000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas583.2171000 t2017
pineapples3.6421000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1 185.0061000 ha2017
millet150.9911000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1 187.91000 ha2017
potatoes39.31000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers4.21000 ha2008
onions, dry86.4571000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry633.2261000 ha2017
chick peas8.3571000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed31000 ha2017
groundnuts408.4081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa75.3381000 ha2017
coffee385.2961000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane57.131000 ha2017
tobacco21.0981000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton66.5171000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal0.0031000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas139.1621000 ha2017
pineapples0.4331000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber47 625 5212017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle15 393.1871000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes15 393.1871000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs2 636.4151000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2 058.7711000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats15 666.681000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses19.4591000 heads2017
asses and mules19.4591000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds35 6831000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.7121000 t2013
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.41000 t2014
condensed milk240t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes501 972.6t2017
total catch501 972.6t2017
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Minerals


Secondary and tertiary sector.
Mining has been developing thanks to the involvement of foreign companies.
Gold is extracted using artisanal methods (in Ntungamo). Large quantities of cobalt are mined in the waste accumulated in the now-inactive copper mine in Kilembe. Other minerals found include tungsten (Kabale), iron ore (Kanungu), pozzolan (Kabarole, Kapchorwa) and vermiculite (Manafwa).
At Sukulu, near Tororo, there is apatite, which is used for the production of fertilizers. There is some salt production (Lake Katwe, Kasenyi, and Lake Albert). Uranium deposits have been found (in the Gamba Hills, in Karamoja, at Kabale and in Bunyoro). Test-boring in the south-east of the country (Kaiso-Tonya) and in the Alberto lake basin has shown there are plenty of crude oil deposits, about to be exploited.
There is a great deal of potential for hydroelectric power in Uganda (Isimba and Owen Falls power stations, with one more under construction at Karuma Falls).
Industry is concentrated mainly on processing the local agricultural products. The main cement works are in Hima, Namataba and Tororo, where there is also a plant producing fertilizers. Steel processing is concentrated at Jinja. Textiles, beer (at Jinja), cigarettes, sugar (at Lugazi, Kakira and Sango Bay) and paper are also important products. Uganda exports mostly coffee, fish, maize, tea, cotton and flowers.
Imports include machinery and vehicles, chemical products and foodstuffs.

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
columbite-tantalite11t2017
iron ore2.31000 t2017
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
salt151000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
kaolin55.31000 t2017
limestone1 231.91000 t2017
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold10kg2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro3 210M kWh2016
- thermal215M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro7061000 kW2016
- thermal2001000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation3 463M kWh2016
total installed capacity1 0201000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cobalt0.3761000 t2013
gold, metal160kg2013
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap102.91000 t2006
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cotton fabrics13.6M m²2005
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear46 313 000pairs2005
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley3471000 t2014
cottonseed oil41000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes1 215M units2005
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
paper31000 t2011
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement2 4941000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production5.3M US$2002
food, beverages and tobacco production51.7M US$2004
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Trade


Principali esportazioni

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products65.717% of goods exports2018
manufactures22.525% of goods exports2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20183 088M US$ -
20172 902M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20186 574M US$ -
20175 596M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures311M US$2017
Number of arrivals1 402 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown2 700 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried54.91000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers3.400per 1000 pop.2017
Computers17per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10years2011
Gradautes, percentage3.4%2006
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level207 238units2017
Teachers, secondary level63 957units2014
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending3.8% of total expenses2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.2per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians0.1per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV5.9% of adults2017
HIV, total6.4%2005
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.17% of GDP2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking0.77%2016
Access to electricity22%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear2.5%2016-17
education7.8%2016-17
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