Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 25.6 sq km
Population: 11 792 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 460.63 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 3° - 12° S; long. 168° E - 175° W
Capital: Funafuti (capital) 1 340 inhab. (2017);
Currency: Tuvaluan dollar, pegged at par to the Australian dollar
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Kausea Natano (independent), since 19 September 2019
Internet: //tuvalu.prism.spc.int (Central Statistics Division)
Member of Commonwealth, SPC, UN

Tuvalu

Tuvalu
Useful information

International license plate code TUV
International dialling code 00688
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .tv

GMT  +12
DST  not applied

Geography.
An archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, located slightly south of the Equator between the Gilbert Islands and Samoa, Tuvalu includes the atolls of Nanumea, Nanumanga, Niutao, Nui, Vaitupu, Nukufetau, Funafuti, Nukulaelae and Niulakita.

Government


A former British colony, united with the Gilbert Islands and known as the Ellice Islands until 1975, Tuvalu became independent within the Commonwealth on 1 October 1978. The British Sovereign is represented by a Governor General. Executive powers reside in the Council of Ministers, presided over by a Prime Minister elected by the members of Parliament (16 deputies, elected for 4 years). There are no political parties.

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Administrative division

Administrative division
AtollAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Funafuti2.8 sq km1 340 inhab.2017
Nanumaga2.8 sq km1 229 inhab.2017
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Fongafale4 019inhab.2002
Funafuti1 340inhab.2017
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
60+
15-59
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate23.72015
Death rate8.72015
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuvaluan99.4%2017
other0.6%2017


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant87.4%2017
other Christian5.2%2017


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Tuvaluan (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years29.2%2020
15-29 years27.2%2020


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Economy


Apart from fishing, subsistence level farming and copra (coconut shell) exports, other significant forms of income are the concession of fishing licences and since 2000, the use of the “.tv” Internet suffix. Tuvalu depends on remittances from emigrants, international aid and income from an investment fund set up by aid-giving countries.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)110.7index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)102.8index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 000units2006
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate39.6%2012
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses64.8M LCU2016
Revenues85.9M LCU2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture25$%2014
industry and services75$%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture21.411%2019
industry13.404%2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land60$%2018
forests33.333%2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
roots and tubers, total0.1441000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.5871000 t2019
copra0.151000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total0.8911000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.2861000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.6451000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs14.5031000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds56$1000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0041000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.0191000 t2019
meat0.1861000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marine fishes8 346t2019
total catch8 348.5t2019
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.0191000 t2018
vegetable oils0.0191000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production0.4M US$2012
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20200.1M US$ -
20190.3M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202047$M US$ -
201933$M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures7.6M US$2013
Number of arrivals2 700units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet245units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 296 969t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers39.578per 1000 pop.2017
Internet users493.183per 1000 pop.2017
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.8years2001
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female104.101index2019
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level1 688units2019
Students, secondary level682units2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds5.6per 1000 pop.2001
Physicians0.92per 1000 pop.2014
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis296per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)238per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking68.9%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear2$%2004-05
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco51$%2004-05
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