Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 25.6 sq km
Population: 10 507 inhab. (census 2017)
Density: 410.43 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 3° - 12° S; long. 168° E - 175° W
Capital: Funafuti (capital) 1 340 inhab. (2017);
Currency: Tuvaluan dollar, pegged at par to the Australian dollar
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Kausea Natano (independent), since 19 September 2019
Internet: //tuvalu.prism.spc.int (Central Statistics Division)
Member of Commonwealth, SPC, UN

Tuvalu

Tuvalu
Useful information

International license plate code TUV
International dialling code 00688
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .tv

GMT  +12
DST  not applied

Geography.
An archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, located slightly south of the Equator between the Gilbert Islands and Samoa, Tuvalu includes the atolls of Nanumea, Nanumanga, Niutao, Nui, Vaitupu, Nukufetau, Funafuti, Nukulaelae and Niulakita.

Government


A former British colony, united with the Gilbert Islands and known as the Ellice Islands until 1975, Tuvalu became independent within the Commonwealth on 1 October 1978. The British Sovereign is represented by a Governor General. Executive powers reside in the Council of Ministers, presided over by a Prime Minister elected by the members of Parliament (15 deputies, elected for 4 years). There are no political parties.

TOP

Administrative division

Administrative division
AtollAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Funafuti2.8 sq km1 340 inhab.2017
Nanumaga2.8 sq km1 229 inhab.2017
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Fongafale4 019inhab.2002
Funafuti1 340inhab.2017
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate23.72015
Death rate8.72015
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuvaluan99.4%2017
other0.6%2017


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant87.4%2017
other Christian5.2%2017


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Tuvaluan (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years29.3%2018
15-29 years28.4%2018


TOP

Economy


Apart from fishing, subsistence level farming and copra (coconut shell) exports, other significant forms of income are the concession of fishing licences and since 2000, the use of the “.tv” Internet suffix. Tuvalu depends on remittances from emigrants, international aid and income from an investment fund set up by aid-giving countries.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)110.7index2016
Balance of trade-34.8M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 000units2006
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate39.6%2012
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses54.9M LCU2015
Revenues58.3M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture25%2014
industry and services75%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture20%2017
industry17.8%2017
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land60%2015
forests33.33%2015
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
roots and tubers, total0.1451000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.6581000 t2017
copra0.151000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total0.8741000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.2971000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.7181000 ha2017
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs14.2881000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds541000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0041000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.0191000 t2017
meat0.1791000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marine fishes7 466t2017
total catch7 468.5t2017
TOP

Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.021000 t2014
vegetable oils0.021000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production0.4M US$2012
TOP

Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20180M US$ -
20170M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201835M US$ -
201740M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures7.6M US$2013
Number of arrivals2 500units2017
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet254units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 279 240t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers90.114per 1000 pop.2016
Internet users460.091per 1000 pop.2016
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.8years2001
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female105index2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level77units2016
Teachers, secondary level134units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds5.6per 1000 pop.2001
Physicians1.1per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis236per 100 000 pop.2017
Tuberculosis (prevalence)238per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking50.42%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear2%2004-05
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco51%2004-05
TOP