Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 25.63 sq km
Population: 11 097 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 432.97 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 3° - 12° S; long. 168° E - 175° W
Capital: Funafuti (capital) 5 436 inhab. (2012);
Currency: Tuvaluan dollar, pegged at par to the Australian dollar
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Enele Sopoaga, since 5 August 2013
Internet: //tuvalu.prism.spc.int (Central Statistics Division)
Member of Commonwealth, EU associated, SPC, UN

Tuvalu

Tuvalu
Useful information

International license plate code TUV
International dialling code 00688
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .tv

GMT  +12
DST  not applied

Geography.
An archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, located slightly south of the Equator between the Gilbert Islands and Samoa, Tuvalu includes the atolls of Nanumea, Nanumanga, Niutao, Nui, Vaitupu, Nukufetau, Funafuti, Nukulaelae and Niulakita.

Government


A former British colony, united with the Gilbert Islands and known as the Ellice Islands until 1975, Tuvalu became independent within the Commonwealth on 1 October 1978. The British Sovereign is represented by a Governor General. Executive powers reside in the Council of Ministers, presided over by a Prime Minister elected by the members of Parliament (15 deputies, elected for 4 years). There are no political parties.

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Administrative division

Administrative division
AtollAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Funafuti2.79 sq km5 436 inhab.2012
Nanumaga2.78 sq km551 inhab.2012
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Funafuti5 436inhab.2012
Fongafale4 019inhab.2002
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate23.72015
Death rate8.72015
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuvaluan95.1%2005
other3.8%2005


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant91%2012
other3%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Tuvaluan (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years29.3%2017
15-29 years29%2017


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Economy


Apart from fishing, subsistence level farming and copra (coconut shell) exports, other significant forms of income are the concession of fishing licences and since 2000, the use of the “.tv” Internet suffix. Tuvalu depends on remittances from emigrants, international aid and income from an investment fund set up by aid-giving countries.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)110.7index2016
Balance of trade-40M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 000units2006
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate39.6%2012
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses54.9M LCU2015
Revenues58.3M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture25%2014
industry and services75%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture24.3%2016
industry8.2%2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land60%2015
forests33.33%2015
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
roots and tubers, total0.1441000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.6391000 t2016
copra0.151000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total0.8741000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.2931000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.6971000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs14.2221000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds561000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0041000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.0191000 t2016
meat0.1811000 t2016
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marine fishes7 684t2016
total catch7 686t2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.021000 t2014
vegetable oils0.021000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production0.4M US$2012
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20170.1M US$ -
20160.24M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201740M US$ -
201628M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures7.6M US$2013
Number of arrivals2 500units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet254units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 279 240t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers90.114per 1000 pop.2016
Internet users460.091per 1000 pop.2016
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.8years2001
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female119index2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level117units2015
Teachers, secondary level209units2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds5.6per 1000 pop.2001
Physicians1.1per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis207per 100 000 pop.2016
Tuberculosis (prevalence)238per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking50.42%2016
Access to electricity99.426%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear2%2004-05
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco51%2004-05
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