Form of Government: Republic
Area: 56 600 sq km
Population: 7 606 374 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 134.39 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 11° - 6° N; long. 0° - 2° E
Capital: Lomé (capital) 839 566 inhab. (2010); Lomé 1 477 660 inhab. (2010), urban agglomeration
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.487 (rank: 166)
President: Faure Gnassingbé (Union for the Republic), elected 24 April 2005, last reconfirmed on 25 April 2015
Prime Minister: Komi Klassou (Union for the Republic), since 5 June 2015
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 25 July 2013: Union for the Republic, 62; Let's Save Togo Movement, 19; Rainbow Coalition, 6; Union of Forces for Change, 3; independents, 1
Internet: www.stat-togo.org (Direction générale de la statistique)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Togo

Togo, République Togolaise
Useful information

International license plate code RT
International dialling code 00228
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .tg

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Lomé 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Lomé 26.5/25
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Lomé 5/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Lomé 894
Days of rainfall (annual average) Lomé 59

Geography.
Togo is bordered to the north by Burkina Faso, to the east by Benin and to the west by Ghana. It lies on the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The country is in the shape of a narrow piece of land running northwards inland for approximately 600 km. It includes a flat coastal strip and an inland area that rises to a height of 1000 m.
The climate is rainy and humid to the south, while there are frequent periods of drought in the north.

Government


Formerly a German possession, Togo, divided into two parts, was first put under mandate then assigned as a trust territory of the United Kingdom and France. Present-day Togo, independent since 27 April 1960, is the former French territory (the British part was annexed to Ghana). General Eyadéma Gnassingbé, who came to power by coup d’état on 13 January 1967, was forced to introduce a multi-party system in 1991. Thanks to the support of the army, the 1993 presidential elections were a plebiscite in his favour and the General was also reconfirmed as President in both the elections of 1998 and 2003, despite opposition protests. Upon E. Gnassingbé death (5 February 2005), the army appointed his son, Faure, his successor. He was elected in 2005 and re-elected in the following elections. On the basis of the Constitution of 27 September 1992, the President, elected by direct suffrage for a term of five years, holds executive power and appoints the Prime Minister; the National Assembly is made up of 91 members elected for five years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force2.9%2015
Army94.8%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides9.1per 100 000 pop.2015
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lomé839 566inhab.2010
Sokodé95 070inhab.2010
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lomé1 477 660inhab.2010
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate342016
Death rate8.72016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other38%2000
Ewe22.2%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
animist/traditional beliefs35.6%2010
Catholic26.1%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Ewe
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years40.3%2017
15-29 years27.6%2017


TOP

Economy


Agriculture satisfies most of the local need in terms of food (cassava, maize, yam, sorghum), and certain amount of products are also exported, especially cocoa, cotton (in the area of Lomé, Atakpamé and Kpalimé), palm oil, maize, coffee (grown in the central areas of the country), and soybeans.
Phosphates are the main mineral to be mined and exported (mines at Akoumapé and Hahatoé); production is decreasing however due to the higher mining costs of the new deposits and the fall in investments.
Iron ore, manganese, chromite and small quantities of gold and diamonds are also mined.
Industrial activity concerns the petrochemical and cement sectors (in Lomé, Dapaong, Tabligbo), chemicals (in Lomé and Kpémé), textiles (in Lomé, Dadja, Kara and Notsé) and the food sector (in Lomé).
The 1000-km-long West African Gas Pipeline distributed gas from Nigerian fields throughout the country. The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro by a fixed exchange rate.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)142.03index2016
Balance of trade-1 388M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population3 533 313units2017
Active population, Females49.2%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.8%2015
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses912 744M LCU2016
Revenues695 017M LCU2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture37.8%2017
industry17.3%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture28.7%2016
industry17.3%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation332.3BN LCU2017
International reserves47.7M US$2016
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land51.84%2015
forests3.46%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1 263.4051000 t2016
maize826.8961000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1 027.4761000 t2016
roots and tubers, total1 866.3961000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.7811000 t2016
tomatoes5.5821000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry166.151000 t2016
chick peas1.6561000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.081000 t2016
groundnuts40.6631000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits152.3551000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts13.9741000 t2016
copra21000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa51.6271000 t2016
coffee10.9851000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco1.911000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton69.2151000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total66.7771000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts8.9841000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits14.0751000 t2016
oranges14.0751000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas26.441000 t2016
pineapples1.9081000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize675.8311000 ha2016
millet37.9041000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava270.4221000 ha2016
sweet potatoes2.0521000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.071000 ha2016
tomatoes1.2981000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry357.9261000 ha2016
chick peas2.2061000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.9951000 ha2016
groundnuts58.0781000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit17.841000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts4.3311000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa54.1431000 ha2016
coffee33.8081000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco4.6211000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton103.4911000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts5.9881000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits3.0321000 ha2016
oranges3.0321000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas2.1961000 ha2016
pineapples0.2371000 ha2016
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber4 580 7832016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle440.7241000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes440.7241000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs493.4771000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2 413.1771000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats3 401.5121000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses3.391000 heads2016
asses and mules3.391000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds29 1591000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.0151000 t2014
eggs12.3241000 t2016
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs25t2016
freshwater fishes6 141t2016
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
iron ore721000 t2015
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
phosphate rock1 0001000 t2017
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 8001000 t2015
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds0.0231000 ct2014
gold15 568kg2015
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
renewable electricity generation76.142%2015
- hydro55M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1601000 kW2015
- hydro671000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total installed capacity2291000 kW2015
total net generation78.8M kWh2015
TOP

Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley541000 t2014
coconut oil1.61000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 4621000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production25M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production13M US$2002
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures51.298% of goods exports2016
food products22.504% of goods exports2016
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20171 138.187M US$ -
20161 035.736M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20172 526.580M US$ -
20162 260.509M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures53M US$2015
Number of arrivals338 000units2016
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 500 000km flown2001
Civil aviation, passengers carried500.71000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers5.867per 1000 pop.2017
Computers30.9per 1000 pop.2005
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12years2011
Graduates5 787units2000
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level36 194units2016
Teachers, secondary level20 798units2011
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.7per 1000 pop.2011
Physicians0.05per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV2.1% of adults2016
HIV, total3.2%2005
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.27% of GDP2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking6.71%2016
Access to electricity46.928%2016
TOP