Form of Government: Republic
Area: 56 600 sq km
Population: 7 886 000 inhab. (estimate 2021)
Density: 139.33 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 11° - 6° N; long. 0° - 2° E
Capital: Lomé (capital) 839 566 inhab. (2010); Lomé 1 745 700 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.515 (rank: 167)
President: Faure Gnassingbé (Union for the Republic), elected 24 April 2005, last reconfirmed on 22 February 2020
Prime Minister: Victoire Tomégah-Dogbé (Union for the Republic), since 28 September 2020
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 20 December 2018: Union for the Republic, 59; Union of Forces for Change, 6; New Togolese Commitment, 3; Patriotic Movement for Democracy and Development, 3; others, 2; independents, 18
Internet: www.stat-togo.org (Direction générale de la statistique)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Togo

Togo, République Togolaise
Useful information

International license plate code RT
International dialling code 00228
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .tg

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Lomé 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Lomé 26.5/25
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Lomé 5/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Lomé 894
Days of rainfall (annual average) Lomé 59

Geography.
Togo is bordered to the north by Burkina Faso, to the east by Benin and to the west by Ghana. It lies on the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The country is in the shape of a narrow piece of land running northwards inland for approximately 600 km. It includes a flat coastal strip and an inland area that rises to a height of 1000 m.
The climate is rainy and humid to the south, while there are frequent periods of drought in the north.

Government


Formerly a German possession, Togo, divided into two parts, was first put under mandate then assigned as a trust territory of the United Kingdom and France. Present-day Togo, independent since 27 April 1960, is the former French territory (the British part was annexed to Ghana). General Eyadéma Gnassingbé, who came to power by coup d’état on 13 January 1967, was forced to introduce a multi-party system in 1991. Thanks to the support of the army, the 1993 presidential elections were a plebiscite in his favour and the General was also reconfirmed as President in both the elections of 1998 and 2003, despite opposition protests. Upon E. Gnassingbé death (5 February 2005), the army appointed his son, Faure, his successor. He was elected in 2005 and re-elected in the following elections.
On the basis of the Constitution of 27 September 1992, the President, elected by direct suffrage for a term of five years, holds executive power and appoints the Prime Minister; the National Assembly is made up of 91 members elected for five years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force2.9%2015
Army94.8%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides9$per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lomé839 566inhab.2010
Sokodé95 070inhab.2010
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lomé1 745 700inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate32.7072019
Death rate8.3242019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other38$%2000
Ewe22.2%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
animist/traditional beliefs35.6%2010
Catholic26.1%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Ewe
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years39.8%2020
15-29 years26$%2020


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Economy


Agriculture satisfies most of the local need in terms of food (cassava, maize, yam, sorghum), and certain amount of products are also exported, especially cocoa, cotton (in the area of Lomé, Atakpamé and Kpalimé), palm oil (in Plateaux and Maritime), maize, coffee (grown in the central areas of the country), and soybeans. Phosphates are the main mineral to be mined and exported (mines at Akoumapé and Hahatoé); production is decreasing however due to the higher mining costs of the new deposits and the fall in investments. Iron ore, manganese, chromite and small quantities of gold and diamonds are also mined. Industrial activity concerns the petrochemical and chemical sectors (in Lomé and Kpémé), cement (in Tabligbo), textiles (in Lomé, Dadja, Kara and Notsé) and the food sector (in Lomé).
The 1000-km-long West African Gas Pipeline distributed gas from Nigerian fields throughout the country. The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro by a fixed exchange rate.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)142.03index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)110.16index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population3 808 000units2020
Active population, Females49.6%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate4.1%2020
Unemployment rate, Females39.1%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses826 400M LCU2019
Revenues734 400M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture37.7%2019
industry12.9%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture22.02%2019
industry22.029%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation373.451BN LCU2020
International reserves47.7M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land51.848%2018
forests22.342%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1 372.3611000 t2019
maize912.0861000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1 117.881000 t2019
roots and tubers, total2 020.4181000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.8211000 t2019
tomatoes5.1471000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry202.731000 t2019
chick peas1.9621000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.0871000 t2019
groundnuts44.5821000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits158.5591000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts11.1651000 t2019
copra2$1000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa10$1000 t2019
coffee21.3161000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco1.9221000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton116.5781000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total71.9391000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts12.2711000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits15.9331000 t2019
oranges15.9331000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas26.7851000 t2019
pineapples2.0611000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize743.2731000 ha2019
millet45.6141000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava283.0191000 ha2019
sweet potatoes2.3751000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0891000 ha2019
tomatoes1.2191000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry388.8261000 ha2019
chick peas2.5231000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed1.0781000 ha2019
groundnuts59.9461000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit18.5511000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.421000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa9.9761000 ha2019
coffee42.6911000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco4.3891000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton180.5881000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts8.0281000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits3.4551000 ha2019
oranges3.4551000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas2.041000 ha2019
pineapples0.2571000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber4 611 9142019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle459.7021000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes459.7021000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs1 085.4841000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep1 672.0111000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats4 329.2211000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses3.4211000 heads2019
asses and mules3.4211000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds33 2431000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.1071000 t2018
eggs24.31000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs31$t2019
freshwater fishes7 417t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
iron ore60$1000 t2019
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
phosphate rock8001000 t2020
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 8001000 t2018
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds0.0021000 ct2017
gold20 000kg2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal364.72M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation98.127%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1581000 kW2018
- hydro35$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation371.68M kWh2018
total installed capacity1961000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
phosphate fertilizers2551000 t2017
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley69$1000 t2018
coconut oil1.6231000 t2018
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 6001000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production25$M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production13$M US$2002
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures52.435% of goods exports2019
food products19.826% of goods exports2019
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020638M US$ -
20191 050M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20202 026M US$ -
20192 137M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures65$M US$2018
Number of arrivals876 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 500 000km flown2001
Civil aviation, passengers carried640.71000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers3.947per 1000 pop.2019
Computers30.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.665years2017
Graduates5 787units2000
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level1 548 876units2018
Students, secondary level727 949units2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.66per 1000 pop.2013
Physicians0.08per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV2.2% of adults2019
HIV, total3.2%2005
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.267% of GDP2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking9.3%2019
Access to electricity52.441%2019
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