Form of Government: Republic
Area: 56 600 sq km
Population: 7 797 694 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 137.77 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 11° - 6° N; long. 0° - 2° E
Capital: Lomé (capital) 839 566 inhab. (2010); Lomé 1 745 700 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.503 (rank: 165)
President: Faure Gnassingbé (Union for the Republic), elected 24 April 2005, last reconfirmed on 25 April 2015
Prime Minister: Komi Klassou (Union for the Republic), since 5 June 2015
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 20 December 2018: Union for the Republic, 59; Union of Forces for Change, 6; New Togolese Commitment, 3; Patriotic Movement for Democracy and Development, 3; others, 2; independents, 18
Internet: www.stat-togo.org (Direction générale de la statistique)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Togo

Togo, République Togolaise
Useful information

International license plate code RT
International dialling code 00228
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .tg

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Lomé 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Lomé 26.5/25
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Lomé 5/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Lomé 894
Days of rainfall (annual average) Lomé 59

Politics and current affairs

The legislative elections on 10 December 2018 were boycotted by the opposition. Since 2017, protests have been held against President Gnassingbé’s regime.

Geography.
Togo is bordered to the north by Burkina Faso, to the east by Benin and to the west by Ghana. It lies on the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The country is in the shape of a narrow piece of land running northwards inland for approximately 600 km. It includes a flat coastal strip and an inland area that rises to a height of 1000 m.
The climate is rainy and humid to the south, while there are frequent periods of drought in the north.

Government


Formerly a German possession, Togo, divided into two parts, was first put under mandate then assigned as a trust territory of the United Kingdom and France. Present-day Togo, independent since 27 April 1960, is the former French territory (the British part was annexed to Ghana). General Eyadéma Gnassingbé, who came to power by coup d’état on 13 January 1967, was forced to introduce a multi-party system in 1991. Thanks to the support of the army, the 1993 presidential elections were a plebiscite in his favour and the General was also reconfirmed as President in both the elections of 1998 and 2003, despite opposition protests. Upon E. Gnassingbé death (5 February 2005), the army appointed his son, Faure, his successor. He was elected in 2005 and re-elected in the following elections. On the basis of the Constitution of 27 September 1992, the President, elected by direct suffrage for a term of five years, holds executive power and appoints the Prime Minister; the National Assembly is made up of 91 members elected for five years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force2.9%2015
Army94.8%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides9per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lomé839 566inhab.2010
Sokodé95 070inhab.2010
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lomé1 745 700inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate33.52017
Death rate8.62017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other38%2000
Ewe22.2%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
animist/traditional beliefs35.6%2010
Catholic26.1%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Ewe
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years40.1%2018
15-29 years27.4%2018


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Economy


Agriculture satisfies most of the local need in terms of food (cassava, maize, yam, sorghum), and certain amount of products are also exported, especially cocoa, cotton (in the area of Lomé, Atakpamé and Kpalimé), palm oil, maize, coffee (grown in the central areas of the country), and soybeans.
Phosphates are the main mineral to be mined and exported (mines at Akoumapé and Hahatoé); production is decreasing however due to the higher mining costs of the new deposits and the fall in investments. Iron ore, manganese, chromite and small quantities of gold and diamonds are also mined. Industrial activity concerns the petrochemical and chemical sectors (in Lomé and Kpémé), cement (in Tabligbo), textiles (in Lomé, Dadja, Kara and Notsé) and the food sector (in Lomé). The 1000-km-long West African Gas Pipeline distributed gas from Nigerian fields throughout the country. The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro by a fixed exchange rate.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)142.03index2016
Balance of trade- 990.5M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population3 643 098units2018
Active population, Females49.3%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.8%2015
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses730 357M LCU2017
Revenues672 865M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture34.5%2018
industry19.5%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture28.4%2017
industry18.6%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation374.02BN LCU2018
International reserves47.7M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land51.84%2015
forests3.46%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1 301.0691000 t2017
maize854.6891000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1 041.6821000 t2017
roots and tubers, total1 892.5131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.7931000 t2017
tomatoes5.5641000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry199.3591000 t2017
chick peas1.7611000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.0821000 t2017
groundnuts43.4931000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits155.0581000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts14.0251000 t2017
copra21000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa22.5221000 t2017
coffee18.4761000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco1.9151000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton1251000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total66.7771000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts9.8971000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits14.1581000 t2017
oranges14.1581000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas27.2791000 t2017
pineapples1.9531000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize694.4221000 ha2017
millet43.9121000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava267.021000 ha2017
sweet potatoes2.5351000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0721000 ha2017
tomatoes1.2861000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry369.5671000 ha2017
chick peas2.3191000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed1.0271000 ha2017
groundnuts59.0081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit18.1091000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts4.3791000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa23.6341000 ha2017
coffee56.3341000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco4.3461000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton160.1521000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts6.5131000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits3.0461000 ha2017
oranges3.0461000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas2.181000 ha2017
pineapples0.2421000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber4 670 0002017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle442.2191000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes442.2191000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs490.1221000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2 334.1661000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2 844.7481000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses3.4011000 heads2017
asses and mules3.4011000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds30 3051000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.0151000 t2014
eggs12.61000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs41t2017
freshwater fishes6 380t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
iron ore721000 t2016
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
phosphate rock8501000 t2018
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 8001000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds0.0461000 ct2015
gold14 000kg2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro202M kWh2016
renewable electricity generation90.705%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1601000 kW2016
- hydro671000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation232.62M kWh2016
total installed capacity2301000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
phosphate fertilizers2551000 t2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley541000 t2014
coconut oil1.61000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 5001000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production25M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production13M US$2002
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures51.300% of goods exports2017
food products22.423% of goods exports2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 105M US$ -
20171 037M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 095M US$ -
20171 956M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures55M US$2016
Number of arrivals496 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 500 000km flown2001
Civil aviation, passengers carried500.71000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers5.867per 1000 pop.2017
Computers30.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.6years2017
Graduates5 787units2000
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level37 985units2017
Teachers, secondary level20 798units2011
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.7per 1000 pop.2011
Physicians0.05per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV2.1% of adults2017
HIV, total3.2%2005
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.27% of GDP2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking6.71%2016
Access to electricity48%2017
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