Form of Government: Republic
Area: 142 600 sq km
Population: 9 313 800 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 65.31 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 41° - 37° N; long. 67° - 75° E
Capital: Dushanbe (capital) 863 400 inhab. (2019);
Currency: somoni (100 dirams)
Human development index: 0.668 (rank: 125)
President: Emomali Rahmon (HDKT), since 20 November 1992, last re-elected on 6 November 2013
Prime Minister: Kokhir Rasulzoda (HDKT), since 23 November 2013
Internet: www.stat.tj (Statistical Agency)
Member of CIS, EBRD, OIC, OSCE, SCO, UN, WTO

Tajikistan

Tojikiston, Jumhurii Tojikiston
Useful information

International license plate code TJ
International dialling code 00992
Travel vaccinations requirement malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .tj

GMT  +5
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Dushanbe 14.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Dushanbe 1.5/28
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Dushanbe 11/4
Annual average precipitation (mm) Dushanbe 608
Days of rainfall (annual average) Dushanbe 71

Geography.
Tajikistan is bordered to the north by Kyrgyzstan, to the east by China, to the south by Afghanistan and to the west by Uzbekistan. Largely mountainous, the country includes the Ismoili Somoni Peak (formerly Communism Peak) which reaches 7495 m. On 12 January 2011 a new border agreement transferred around 1000 km² of territory to China.

Government


A former republic within the USSR, it has been independent since 9 September 1991. An Islamist guerrilla movement developed during the period 1992-97; sporadic clashes occur on the border with Kyrgyzstan and, since 2018, attacks related to Sunni fundamentalism. The country is tightly controlled by the People’s Democratic Party (HDKT). The President of the Republic, who is elected by direct suffrage for seven years (in 2016, a referendum abolished the limit on presidential mandates), has wide ranging powers. Parliament is made up of the House of Representatives with 63 members and the National Assembly with 33 members, all serving a five-year term.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force17$%2015
Army83$%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes236.2per 100 000 pop.2019
Homicides1.1per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dushanbe863 400inhab.2019
Khujand183 600inhab.2019
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate25.42019
Death rate3.62019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tajik84.3%2010
Uzbek12.2%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim (Sunni)92.7%2010
Muslim (Shia)4$%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Russian
Tajik (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years31.2%2020
15-29 years27.2%2020


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Economy


Only a small part of the land can be farmed (potatoes, cereals, vegetables, watermelons); the cotton production is exported. Livestock is widespread. There are some mineral resources (antimony, silver, coal, mercury, gold, lead, zinc). Industry is not well developed and mostly obsolete. The potential for hydroelectric power is notable (dams at Norak, Rogun and Sangtŭda 1 and 2). Remittances from emigrants in Russia are fundamental.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)159.29index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)159.21index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 329 182units2020
Active population, Females37.4%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate7.5%2020
Unemployment rate, Females33.7%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses23 814.9M LCU2019
Revenues17 800.8M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture44.9%2019
industry15.7%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture22.817%2019
industry36.598%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation19.059BN LCU2020
International reserves1 466.3M US$2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land6.144%2018
forests3.039%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley156.241000 t2019
cereals, total1 336.3881000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes994.4331000 t2019
roots and tubers, total994.4331000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages129.2531000 t2019
carrots and turnips369.8981000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry30.7991000 t2019
beans, green30.7931000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes247.1671000 t2019
raisins3.61000 t2003
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts13.4981000 t2019
rapeseed0.0081000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper47.1071000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.1411000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton403.0081000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples242.9181000 t2019
apricots32.521000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds3.271000 t2019
hazelnuts1.0051000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits6.4531000 t2019
lemons4.4071000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley71.8261000 ha2019
maize16.9581000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes51.5761000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages3.2231000 ha2019
carrots and turnips8.6011000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry4.0011000 ha2019
beans, green4.0011000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape33.751000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts3.1571000 ha2019
rapeseed0.0121000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper2.2331000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.0841000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton185.6711000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples43.2081000 ha2019
apricots10.7641000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds4.4461000 ha2019
hazelnuts0.821000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.4521000 ha2019
lemons0.3191000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber3 674 0002019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle2 361.9151000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes2 377.3051000 heads2019
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes15.391000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs0.1171000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep3 737.4351000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats1 948.9651000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses136.0151000 heads2019
asses and mules136.0151000 heads2019
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels0.0611000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds9 0371000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey4.2151000 t2019
Livestock - Silk farming
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
silk, raw0.21000 t2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.0311000 t2014
cheese14.0011000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes2 435.33t2019
total catch2 452.33t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal2 027.81000 t2019
coal, total2 027.81000 t2019
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
antimony28$1000 t2020
lead65$1000 t2020
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fluorspar8.51000 t2011
gypsum10$1000 t2019
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold6 400kg2018
silver6 300kg2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro18 977.31M kWh2019
- thermal1 416.58M kWh2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro5 8001000 kW2019
- thermal7191000 kW2018
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation20 393.89M kWh2019
total installed capacity6 5191000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium1001000 t2019
aluminium, primary1001000 t2019
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen2.51000 t2018
petrol0.7331000 t2017
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia20$1000 t2011
caustic soda0.081000 t2011
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets3 4001000 m²2018
cotton fabrics7.5M m²2018
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear110 000pairs2018
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley3.91000 t2018
cottonseed oil15.7441000 t2018
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes432M units2016
cigars and cigarettes432M units2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3 8441000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production14.447M US$2018
food, beverages and tobacco production376.986M US$2018
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Trade

International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Norway192M US$2007
Russia163M US$2007
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia607M US$2007
China514M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 838M US$ -
20191 174M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20203 110M US$ -
20193 349M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures28.4M US$2019
Number of arrivals1 035 000units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown11 300 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried539.11000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.676per 1000 pop.2017
Computers12.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling11.2years2013
Graduates47 631units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level771 040units2017
Students, secondary level1 062 975units2013
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.4per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians2.1per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2019
Malaria3$cases2019
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums57$units2017
Museums, visitors533 000units2017
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.097% of GDP2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking82$%2019
Access to electricity99.635%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear8.5%2008
education0.9%2008
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