Form of Government: Republic
Area: 142 600 sq km
Population: 8 931 200 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 62.63 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 41° - 37° N; long. 67° - 75° E
Capital: Dushanbe (capital) 802 700 inhab. (2015);
Currency: somoni (100 dirams)
Human development index: 0.65 (rank: 127)
President: Emomali Rahmon (HDKT), since 20 November 1992, last re-elected on 6 November 2013
Prime Minister: Kokhir Rasulzoda (HDKT), since 23 November 2013
Internet: www.stat.tj (Statistical Agency)
Member of CIS, EBRD, OIC, OSCE, SCO, UN, WTO

Tajikistan

Tojikiston, Jumhurii Tojikiston
Useful information

International license plate code TJ
International dialling code 00992
Travel vaccinations requirement malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .tj

GMT  +5
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Dushanbe 14.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Dushanbe 1.5/28
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Dushanbe 11/4
Annual average precipitation (mm) Dushanbe 608
Days of rainfall (annual average) Dushanbe 71

Geography.
Tajikistan is bordered to the north by Kyrgyzstan, to the east by China, to the south by Afghanistan and to the west by Uzbekistan. Largely mountainous, the country includes the Ismoili Somoni Peak (formerly Communism Peak) which reaches 7495 m. On 12 January 2011 a new border agreement transferred around 1000 km² of territory to China.

Government


A former republic within the USSR, Tajikistan has been independent since 9 September 1991. An Islamist guerrilla movement developed during the period 1992-97; then, after a period of relative calm, the rebels again became active in 2010. The country is tightly controlled by the People’s Democratic Party (HDKT). The President of the Republic, who is elected by direct suffrage for a seven-year term (on 22 May 2016, a referendum abolished the limit on presidential mandates), has wide ranging powers. Parliament is made up of the House of Representatives with 63 members and the National Assembly with 33 members, all serving a five-year term.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force17%2015
Army83%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes246.5per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides1.1per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dushanbe802 700inhab.2015
Khujand175 400inhab.2015
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate25.42017
Death rate3.62017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tajik84.3%2010
Uzbek12.2%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim (Sunni)92.7%2010
Muslim (Shia)4%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Russian
Tajik (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years32.1%2018
15-29 years27.9%2018


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Economy


Only a small part of the land can be farmed (potatoes, cereals, vegetables, watermelons); the cotton production is exported. Livestock is widespread. There are some mineral resources (antimony, silver, coal, mercury, gold, lead, zinc). Industry is not well developed and mostly obsolete. The potential for hydroelectric power is notable (dams at Norak, Rogun and Sangtŭda 1 and 2). Remittances from emigrants in Russia are fundamental.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)159.29index2016
Balance of trade-1 238.7M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 569 111units2018
Active population, Females32.1%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate10.9%2018
Unemployment rate, Females28.6%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses22 264.2M LCU2017
Revenues19 955.5M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture51.1%2018
industry16.7%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture23.6%2017
industry29.6%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation13.173BN LCU2018
International reserves1 284.1M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land6.27%2015
forests2.97%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley145.621000 t2017
cereals, total1 364.9511000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes782.8921000 t2017
roots and tubers, total782.8921000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages102.5031000 t2017
carrots and turnips315.691000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry19.981000 t2017
beans, green19.981000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes228.3031000 t2017
raisins3.61000 t2003
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts13.2911000 t2017
rapeseed0.2421000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper3.0461000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.1681000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton386.5091000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples230.4431000 t2017
apricots32.6031000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds3.3141000 t2017
hazelnuts11000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits6.1621000 t2017
lemons4.2191000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley76.8481000 ha2017
maize16.7041000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes40.6151000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages2.5771000 ha2017
carrots and turnips8.0461000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry4.0851000 ha2017
beans, green4.0851000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape33.1111000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts4.1371000 ha2017
rapeseed0.2281000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.1671000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.1081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton173.9791000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples42.4251000 ha2017
apricots11.2211000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds4.5231000 ha2017
hazelnuts0.8041000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.4371000 ha2017
lemons0.3081000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber90 0002017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle2 317.2941000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes2 332.5531000 heads2017
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes15.2591000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs0.161000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep3 635.7631000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats1 945.7331000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses144.7971000 heads2017
asses and mules144.7971000 heads2017
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels0.0471000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds5 2171000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey3.7151000 t2014
Livestock - Silk farming
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
silk, raw0.21000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.0231000 t2014
cheese18.511000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes1 570t2017
total catch1 580t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal1 759.71000 t2017
coal, total1 759.71000 t2017
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
antimony141000 t2018
lead511000 t2016
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fluorspar8.51000 t2011
gypsum8.71000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold6 987kg2016
silver3 000kg2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro16 466M kWh2016
- thermal564M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro5 1901000 kW2016
- thermal3181000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation17 030M kWh2016
total installed capacity5 5081000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium1251000 t2017
aluminium, primary1251000 t2017
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen31000 t2016
petrol0.7331000 t2017
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia201000 t2011
caustic soda0.081000 t2011
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets2 8001000 m²2017
cotton fabrics3.4M m²2017
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear120 000pairs2017
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley0.111000 t2014
cottonseed oil161000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes432M units2016
cigars and cigarettes432M units2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3 1221000 t2017
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production715.9M US$2017
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Trade

International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Norway192M US$2007
Russia163M US$2007
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia607M US$2007
China514M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 209M US$ -
20171 198M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 448M US$ -
20172 775M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures16.1M US$2017
Number of arrivals431 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown11 300 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried796.41000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.686per 1000 pop.2016
Computers12.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling11.2years2013
Graduates47 631units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level34 575units2017
Teachers, secondary level67 698units2011
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.5per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians2.1per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.3% of adults2017
Malaria3cases2017
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums57units2017
Museums, visitors533 000units2017
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.1% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking80.41%2016
Access to electricity99.3%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear8.5%2008
education0.9%2008
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