Form of Government: Republic
Area: 163 820 sq km
Population: 598 000 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 3.65 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 6° - 2° N; long. 58° - 54° W
Capital: Paramaribo (capital) 240 924 inhab. (2012);
Currency: Surinamese dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.738 (rank: 97)
President and head of government: Chandrikapersad “Chan” Santokhi (VHP), since 16 July 2020
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 25 May 2020: VHP (Progressive Reform Party), 20; NDP (National Democratic Party), 16; ABOP (General Liberation and Development Party), 8; others, 7
Internet: www.statistics-suriname.org (General Bureau of Statistics)
Member of Caricom, Mercosur associated, OAS, OIC, UN, UNASUR, WTO

Suriname

Suriname, Republiek Suriname
Useful information

International license plate code SME
International dialling code 00597
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended; it is also required if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 127
Driving side left
Internet code .sr

GMT  -3
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Paramaribo 27.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Paramaribo 26.5/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Paramaribo 7/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Paramaribo 2205
Days of rainfall (annual average) Paramaribo 189

Geography.
Suriname is bordered to the east by French Guiana, to the south by Brazil and to the west by Guyana. To the north lies the Atlantic Ocean.
The country has a large plain along the coast, created by the floodplains of the River Marowijne, the River Suriname, the River Saramacca, the River Coppename and the River Corantijn flowing down from the highlands in the centre of the country. The highlands are made up of long slopes culminating in the peak of Juliana Top (1230 m). Further to the south on the Brazilian border lie the Tumuk Humak mountains. The climate is warm and humid and rather insalubrious inland, but the north-easterly trade winds make the coastal strip more bearable.

Government


A former colony of the Netherlands (Dutch Guyana), Suriname has been independent since 26 November 1975.
With the 30 September 1987 Constitution, parliamentary democracy was re-established after seven years of dictatorship under Dési Bouterse, who returned to power from 2010 to 2020, when a coalition between VHP and ABOP brought C. Santokhi to the presidency. The President of the Republic, who is also head of the government, is elected for a five-year term by Parliament (51 members elected for a five-year term).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force10.9%2015
Army76.1%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides10.7per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Paramaribo240 924inhab.2012
Koewarasan27 713inhab.2012
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate18.2952019
Death rate7.3932019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Indo-Pakistani27.4%2012
black (Maroon)21.7%2012


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Christian48.4%2012
Hindu22.3%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Dutch (official)
Sarnami
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years23.2%2020
15-29 years25$%2020


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Economy


The economy is dependent on the prices of the raw materials which are exported. The main crops are rice, sugar cane, bananas, citrus fruits and coconut palm. The forests are a rich resource, but are underexploited due to lack of investment. Among the most prized woods are the Manilkaria zapota, the Lecythis ollaria, the Copaifera bracteata and the Bombax ceiba (kapok). Fishing, especially for crustaceans, is of growing importance, mainly exported to the USA.
Suriname was one of the world’s largest producers of bauxite, but the exploitation of the deposits and the refining of aluminium were halted between 2015 and 2017. The main resources that are mined are gold (from floodplain deposits in Saramacca and Lawa) and oil (offshore deposits near Paramaribo, in the Saramacca district, connected via an oil pipeline to the refinery in Paramaribo). In addition to the mining activities, other important sectors include the timber industry (at Bruynzeel), and fish packing, rum distilling (at Nieuw Nickerie), and the production of cement (Paramaribo), beer and cigarettes. Tourism is also increasing.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)146.46index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)99.03index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population207 733units2020
Active population, Females38.1%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate8.7%2020
Unemployment rate, Females62$%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses7 991M LCU2018
Revenues5 970M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture7.5%2019
industry23.5%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture10.245%2019
industry32.141%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation3.861BN LCU2020
International reserves584.929M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.436%2018
forests97.569%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total274.4081000 t2019
maize0.1421000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava7.7831000 t2019
roots and tubers, total10.3771000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.0381000 t2019
cucumbers1.2951000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green2.5761000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.031000 t2019
soybeans0.0111000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits1.1221000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts14.0691000 t2019
copra1.41000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.0051000 t2019
coffee0.0061000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane123.691000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cherries1.2411000 t2019
fruits, total98.8991000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits24.6821000 t2019
citrus fruits, nes3.7261000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas48.4351000 t2019
mangoes2.4841000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0541000 ha2019
rice60.1851000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2821000 ha2019
sweet potatoes0.0661000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0431000 ha2019
cucumbers0.0581000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.1651000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0211000 ha2019
soybeans0.0111000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit0.5631000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.071000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.1381000 ha2019
coffee0.2251000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane3.1031000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cherries0.0421000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.8521000 ha2019
citrus fruits, nes0.2861000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.7111000 ha2019
mangoes0.1671000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber1 162 7002019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle35.4031000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes36.2941000 heads2019
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.8911000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs33.5771000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep5.8241000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats3.6281000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.0051000 heads2019
asses and mules0.0051000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds6 8271000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.031000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.0241000 t2018
eggs4.6011000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs6 791t2019
freshwater fishes930t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas5.6M m³2019
oil, crude743.91000 t2020
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bauxite1 6001000 t2015
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold25 536kg2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro990M kWh2018
- thermal882.66M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3101000 kW2018
- hydro1891000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 889.11M kWh2018
total installed capacity507.51000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen10$1000 t2019
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley51.4391000 t2018
coconut oil1.4921000 t2018
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement30$1000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production728.077M US$2019
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products7.029% of goods exports2019
agricultural raw materials5.024% of goods exports2019
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20202 311M US$ -
20192 127M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 441M US$ -
20191 702M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures94$M US$2019
Number of arrivals278 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown5 600 000km flown2006
Civil aviation, passengers carried236.61000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers138.156per 1000 pop.2019
Computers40$per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.6years2006
Graduates1 359units2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level67 690units2018
Students, secondary level58 408units2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.9per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians1.16per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.3% of adults2019
HIV, total0.9%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking94.1%2019
Access to electricity97.887%2019
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