Form of Government: Republic
Area: 163 820 sq km
Population: 563 402 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 3.44 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 6° - 2° N; long. 58° - 54° W
Capital: Paramaribo (capital) 240 924 inhab. (2012);
Currency: Surinamese dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.72 (rank: 100)
President and head of government: Désire “Dési” Bouterse (NDP), elected 19 July 2010, in office since 12 August 2010, reconfirmed 14 July 2015
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 25 May 2015: NDP (National Democratic Party), 26; V7 (coalition led by the NPS, National Party of Suriname), 18; A-Combination (coalition led by ABOP, General Liberation and Development Party), 5; PDOE (Party for Democracy and Development through Unity), 1; PALU (Progressive Workers' and Farmers' Union), 1
Internet: www.statistics-suriname.org (General Bureau of Statistics)
Member of Caricom, Mercosur associated, OAS, OIC, UN, UNASUR, WTO

Suriname

Suriname, Republiek Suriname
Useful information

International license plate code SME
International dialling code 00597
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended; it is also required if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 127
Driving side left
Internet code .sr

GMT  -3
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Paramaribo 27.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Paramaribo 26.5/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Paramaribo 7/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Paramaribo 2205
Days of rainfall (annual average) Paramaribo 189

Geography.
Suriname is bordered to the east by French Guiana, to the south by Brazil and to the west by Guyana. To the north lies the Atlantic Ocean. The country has a large plain along the coast, created by the floodplains of the River Marowijne, the River Suriname, the River Saramacca, the River Coppename and the River Corantijn flowing down from the highlands in the centre of the country. The highlands are made up of long slopes culminating in the peak of Juliana Top (1230 m). Further to the south on the Brazilian border lie the Tumuk Humak mountains. The climate is warm and humid and rather insalubrious inland, but the north-easterly trade winds make the coastal strip more bearable.

Government


A former colony of the Netherlands (Dutch Guyana), Suriname has been independent since 26 November 1975.
With the 30 September 1987 Constitution, parliamentary democracy was re-established after seven years of dictatorship under Dési Bouterse, who returned to power in the 2010 elections. The President of the Republic, who is also head of the government, is elected for a five-year term by Parliament (51 members elected for a five-year term).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force10.9%2015
Army76.1%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides10.7per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Paramaribo240 924inhab.2012
Koewarasan27 713inhab.2012
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate182017
Death rate7.42017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Indo-Pakistani27.4%2012
black (Maroon)21.7%2012


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Christian48.4%2012
Hindu22.3%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Dutch (official)
Sarnami
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years24.1%2018
15-29 years25.6%2018


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Economy


The economy is dependent on the prices of the raw materials which are exported. The main crops are rice, sugar cane, bananas, citrus fruits and coconut palm.
The forests are a rich resource, but are underexploited due to lack of investment. Among the most prized woods are the Manilkaria zapota, the Lecythis ollaria, the Copaifera bracteata and the Bombax ceiba (kapok).
Fishing, especially for crustaceans, is of growing importance, mainly exported to the USA.
Suriname was one of the world’s largest producers of bauxite, but the exploitation of the deposits and the refining of aluminium were halted between 2015 and 2017. The main resources that are mined are gold (from floodplain deposits in Saramacca and Lawa) and oil (offshore deposits near Paramaribo, in the Saramacca district, connected via an oil pipeline to the refinery in Paramaribo). In addition to the mining activities, other important sectors include the timber industry (at Bruynzeel), and fish packing, rum distilling (at Nieuw Nickerie), and the production of cement (Paramaribo), beer and cigarettes. Tourism is also increasing.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)146.46index2016
Balance of trade400M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population216 292units2018
Active population, Females38.3%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate7.6%2018
Unemployment rate, Females61.2%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses7 991M LCU2018
Revenues5 970M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture7%2018
industry24.7%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture9.9%2017
industry30.9%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1.757BN LCU2018
International reserves580.8M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.46%2015
forests98.28%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total274.491000 t2017
maize0.0841000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava4.9841000 t2017
roots and tubers, total7.441000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.4561000 t2017
cucumbers1.4991000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green2.7491000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0211000 t2017
soybeans0.0061000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits1.1861000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts15.381000 t2017
copra1.41000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.0051000 t2017
coffee0.0061000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane125.3011000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cherries0.9591000 t2017
fruits, total130.0941000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits16.7031000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes3.11000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas57.3621000 t2017
mangoes2.4331000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0341000 ha2017
rice61.4561000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.1731000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.0511000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0611000 ha2017
cucumbers0.0671000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.1861000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0161000 ha2017
soybeans0.0061000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit0.5931000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.1571000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.1531000 ha2017
coffee0.2141000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane3.151000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cherries0.0421000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.2271000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes0.231000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.8321000 ha2017
mangoes0.1631000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber947 8772017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle33.8571000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes34.5921000 heads2017
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.7351000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs34.4651000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep6.0451000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats3.8521000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.0041000 heads2017
asses and mules0.0041000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds5 3081000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0231000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.031000 t2014
eggs5.41000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs8 060t2017
freshwater fishes925t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil, crude847.91000 t2018
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
alumina7481000 t2015
bauxite1 6001000 t2015
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold30 200kg2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro1 139M kWh2016
- thermal818.74M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3071000 kW2016
- hydro1891000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 966.74M kWh2016
total installed capacity5041000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen4.11000 t2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley63.21000 t2014
coconut oil1.31000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1601000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production447.5M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels40.008% of goods exports2017
agricultural raw materials17.031% of goods exports2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 100M US$ -
20172 035M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 700M US$ -
20171 363M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures99M US$2017
Number of arrivals278 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown5 600 000km flown2006
Civil aviation, passengers carried284.91000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers126.405per 1000 pop.2017
Computers40per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.6years2006
Graduates658units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level5 309units2017
Teachers, secondary level4 569units2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.1per 1000 pop.2016
Physicians1.2per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.3% of adults2017
HIV, total0.9%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking89.61%2016
Access to electricity96.783%2017
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