Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 505 968 sq km
Population: 47 174 933 inhab. (estimate 2021)
Density: 93.24 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 44° - 36° N; long. 9° W - 4° E
Capital: Madrid (capital) 3 334 730 inhab. (2020); Madrid 6 006 000 inhab. (2020), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.904 (rank: 25)
Sovereign: King Felipe VI de Borbón, since 19 June 2014
Prime Minister: Pedro Sanchez (PSOE), since 2 June 2018, re-elected 13 January 2020
Congress of Deputies: seats (August 2021 update): PSOE (Spanish Socialist Workers' Party), 116; PP (People's Party, centre-right), 88; VOX (far-right), 52; Unidas Podemos (left-wing alliance), 35; ERC (Republican Left of Catalonia), 13; Ciudadanos (Citizens, centre), 9; PNV (Basque Nationalist Party), 6; others, 31
Internet: www.ine.es (Instituto Nacional de Estadística)
Member of Council of Europe, EBRD, EU, NATO, OAS observer, OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO

Spain

España, Reino de España
Useful information

International license plate code E
International dialling code 0034
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .es

GMT Madrid +1; Canary Islands 0
DST Madrid +2; Canary Islands +1
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Madrid 14.2; Barcelona 15.4; Las Palmas (Canarie) 20.5; Santander 14.3; Siviglia 18.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Madrid 6/24.5; Barcelona 9/23; Las Palmas (Canarie) 18/22; Santander 9.5/19; Siviglia 10/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Madrid 11/5; Barcelona 9/4; Las Palmas (Canarie) 11/6; Santander 6/2; Siviglia 11/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Madrid 465; Barcelona 660; Las Palmas (Canarie) 204; Santander 1240; Siviglia 578
Days of rainfall (annual average) Madrid 94; Barcelona 70; Las Palmas (Canarie) 30; Santander 178; Siviglia 80

Politics and current affairs

After the first few weeks in summer 2020, which were relatively under control in terms of the COVID-19 pandemic, Spain was hit by several waves of infection. A curfew was one of the restrictions introduced by the government. The Spanish people have embraced the vaccination campaign; on 22 August 2021, 74.7% had received a first dose.
The Spanish government led by socialist Sanchez pardoned (22 June 2021) nine pro-independence Catalan leaders who had been imprisoned for their role in the attempted secession of 2017. At the Catalan elections held on 14 February 2021, the amount of votes obtained by pro-independent parties exceeded 51% (up from 47% in 2017). The Madrid Autonomous Community elections were won by People’s Party (PP) candidate, Isabel Díaz Ayuso. On 18 March 2021, Spain became the fifth country in Europe to legalize assisted suicide and euthanasia for patients suffering from incurable, long-term diseases and persons with intolerable permanent clinical conditions.
In summer 2021, the country was hit by heat waves with record highs of 47.2 °C in Montoro (Córdoba).
The preliminary agreement with the United Kingdom would have enabled Gibraltar to stay in the Schengen Zone and avoid a hard border on the border with Spain.

Geography.
Spain is bordered by France and Andorra to the north-east and Portugal to the west. The Mediterranean Sea lies off its east and south-east coast and the Atlantic Ocean off its south-west and north-west coast.
It comprises two archipelagoes: the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. The country is made up of a vast plateau, the Meseta Central, which slopes gently to the west with an average altitude of between 600 m and 1000 m. The Meseta is surrounded by the Cordillera Cantábrica and the Pyrenees to the north, the Sistema Ibérico to the east, and the Sierra Morena to the south. The highest mountains are in the Sistema Bético, to the south: Cerro Mulhacén, in the Sierra Nevada is 3482 m above sea-level. The most important rivers are the River Ebro, Miño, Duero, Tagus, Guadiana and the Guadalquivir. The climate is predominantly Mediterranean continental, except in the north (oceanic), and in the southern coast (subtropical arid).
The Balearic Islands comprise the islands of Majorca (3624 km²), Minorca (695 km²), Ibiza (570 km²), Formentera (81 km²), Cabrera and other minor islets.
The Canary Islands, which are physically part of Africa, comprise the islands of Fuerteventura (1660 km²), Gran Canaria (1560 km²), Lanzarote (846 km²), Tenerife (2034 km²), La Palma (708 km²), La Gomera (370 km²), El Hierro (269 km²) and other minor islands.

Government


In 1975, Spain emerged from almost 40 years of dictatorship following the death of General Francisco Franco, who had been in power since the Civil War (1936-39).
The transition to democracy was guided by the moderate parties and the Spanish Socialist Workers Party, with the active support of the monarchy. The Constitution of 1978 entrusts legislative power to the Parliament (Las Cortes Generales), comprising the Congress of Deputies (350 members) and the Senate, both elected directly for four years (57 of the current 265 senators are appointed by the parliaments of the autonomous communities into which Spain is divided). The Prime Minister is elected by Parliament after being put forward by the King. The autonomous regions have a large amount of power: the 17 autonomous communities created in 1983 wield considerable power, to such an extent that Spain verges on having a federal structure.


Defence.
The army is completely professional. The Spanish police are called the Guardia Civil.


Justice.
According to the Criminal Code of 1996, the maximum jail sentence is 30 years, except in the case of life imprisonment.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force16$%2015
Army58.3%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes4 927.7per 100 000 pop.2012
Homicides0.6per 100 000 pop.2018
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Madrid3 334 730inhab.2020
Barcelona1 664 182inhab.2020
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Madrid6 006 000inhab.2020
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate7.62019
Death rate8.82019
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total5 434 153units2020
Moroccans865 945units2020
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Spanish44.9%2000
Catalonian28$%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic61.7%2020
nonreligious/atheist34.4%2020


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Basque (Euskera)
Catalan (Catalá)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years14.9%2020
15-29 years14.5%2020


TOP

Economy


Economic situation.
The global economic crisis caused by the pandemic and the restrictions introduced to slow infections caused the GDP to slump by 11% in 2020 (the worst in Europe for an advanced economy). The tourism and restaurant sectors have been particularly hard hit. 6.4% growth is expected in 2021. The unemployment rate is due to rise from 15.5% in 2020 to 16.8% in 2021.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)103.64index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)105.95index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population22 733 300units2020
Active population, Females46.7%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate15.5%2020
Unemployment rate, Females52.4%2020
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses288 744M LCU2020
Revenues194 793M LCU2020
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.985%2020
industry20.53%2020
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.457%2020
industry22.545%2020
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation162.332BN LCU2020
International reserves81 287.702M US$2020
TOP

Agriculture


Primary sector
Agriculture.
Spain ranks second in the EU for the amount of land devoted to agricultural activities. Technological innovations in the sector have allowed for a large increase in agricultural production. Fruit and vegetables are produced the most. The country is the top olive exporter in the world and the top producer of citruses in Europe.
The country’s abundant wine production isn’t at the levels of France and Italy. The agricultural sector was hit by the absence of migrant labour during the health crisis of 2020.
Livestock and fishing.
Pastoralism and rearing occupy most of the country’s farming lands. Sheep rearing is famous thanks to the precious wool of the Merino breed. Spanish rearing produces significant amounts of pork, beef and dairy products.
There is a healthy fishing industry; the main ports are Vigo, Pasajes, Corunna, Huelva, Algeciras and Cadiz.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land33.567%2018
forests37.157%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley7 744.151000 t2019
cereals, total20 589.031000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes2 259.321000 t2019
roots and tubers, total2 259.321000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes199.941000 t2019
asparagus58.611000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry17.0911000 t2018
beans, green143.291000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes5 745.451000 t2019
raisins1.51000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives5 965.081000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.8221000 t2018
rapeseed144.771000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hops0.971000 t2019
sugar beet2 752.711000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton1561000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow0.0191000 t2018
linseed0.011000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hemp tow waste0.291000 t2019
hempseed0.751000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples638.841000 t2019
apricots145.831000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds340.421000 t2019
hazelnuts12.371000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits6 010.051000 t2019
citrus fruits, nes1.481000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados97.731000 t2019
bananas398.721000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms170.161000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley2 693.511000 ha2019
maize356.831000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes66.651000 ha2019
sweet potatoes2.361000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes14.491000 ha2019
cabbages12.251000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry9.3151000 ha2018
beans, green7.541000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape936.891000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive2 601.91000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.2391000 ha2018
rapeseed70.261000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hops0.591000 ha2019
sugar beet30.181000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton65.1211000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow0.0171000 ha2018
linseed0.021000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hemp tow waste0.171000 ha2019
hempseed0.141000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples29.641000 ha2019
apricots20.241000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds687.231000 ha2019
hazelnuts13.021000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits296.461000 ha2019
citrus fruits, nes1.31000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados14.11000 ha2019
bananas9.061000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.551000 ha2019
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cork - t67 500t2003
timber18 891 5472019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle6 600.331000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes6 601.31000 heads2019
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.971000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs31 246.041000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep15 478.621000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2 659.111000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses140.8161000 heads2018
asses and mules250.1221000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds137 1841000 heads2018
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey36.3941000 t2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter45.41000 t2019
cheese511.91000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
corals16.47t2019
crustaceans and molluscs278 299.023t2019
TOP

Minerals


Secondary
sector
Minerals.

Spain has considerable and varied underground resources. The sector is dominated by industrial mineral and metal extraction. Pyrite deposits are immensely important, extending for 240 km, from Seville to south of Lisbon, as are lead minerals (Sierra Morena), zinc (Santander, Basque Country) and copper. Coal, oil and natural gas are also extracted.
Energy.
Despite large investments in renewable energy and the tax reduction of solar power decided in 2018, the country remains dependent on fossil fuels and diversified imports of oil and gas, which constitute the primary energy resources. Algeria is a major supplier of natural gas, which arrives via the Maghreb-Europe and Medgaz pipelines. Spain is the leading European importer through the LNG regasification terminals in Barcelona, Cartagena, Huelva, Bilbao, Sagunto, El Ferrol. About one fifth of Spanish electrical energy comes from seven nuclear power plants at Almaraz, Ascó, Vandellós, Cofrentes and Trillo. Pro-renewable energy policies have favoured the development of businesses active in the production of solar and wind energy. Spain boasts one of the most innovative and competitive energy sectors. The top-ranking industry in the world for the production of renewable energy (Iberdrola) is Spanish and headquartered in Bilbao.
Industry.
Spanish industry has been largely modernized and is highly diversified. In addition to the traditional sectors of textiles, iron and steel and leather, new sectors such as electronics, information technology, engineering and food are also important.
The iron and steel industry is concentrated in five main areas: Vizcaya, Asturias, in eastern Spain, Catalonia which specializes in the production of special steels, and in Santander. The main products of the metalworking industry are aluminium, copper, lead, zinc and tin.
The main oil refineries are at Corunna, Bilbao, Castellón de la Plana, Cartagena, Huelva, Málaga, Puertollano and Tarragona.
The chemical industry is based in Catalonia. Rubber industry plants are differentiated (tyres are produced in Barcelona). Mechanical engineering plants are located in the major cities (Barcelona, Oviedo, Toledo and Seville).
The automobile industry is one of the most important sectors, contributing to almost 10% of the GDP. Some of the biggest international companies operate in the country, including SPA and SEAT, as well as Daimler AG, Ford, Renault and Nissan. Shipbuilding and the aviation industry (Airbus) are also active.
As regards the textile industry, the most important segment is cotton, which is widespread especially in Catalonia. In the food sector, sugar processing and the beer industry play an important role. The paper industry, ceramics and the glass industry are also widespread.

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal1 940.11000 t2019
coal, total1 940.11000 t2019
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copper115.81000 t2018
magnesite6001000 t2020
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bentonite1601000 t2020
feldspar8001000 t2020
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
basalt1 4801000 t2016
diatomite50$1000 t2020
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold1 992kg2018
silver30 000kg2018
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal104 662.42M kWh2019
- other renew.76 027.88M kWh2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal44 8011000 kW2018
- other renew.37 8311000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation259 912.62M kWh2019
total installed capacity103 6881000 kW2018
TOP

Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
alumina1 5951000 t2019
aluminium2401000 t2019
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes239 732no.2019
cars1 800 664no.2020
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners2 666 000no.2016
computers354 069no.2019
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen2 6301000 t2018
petrol8 639.91000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia394.61000 t2019
caustic soda276.51000 t2019
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets34 8451000 m²2019
cotton fabrics151.5M m²2019
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear96 194 338pairs2019
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley3 8371000 t2018
cottonseed oil12.41000 t2018
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes4 528.4M units2019
cigars1 694.2M units2019
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemical pulp1 216.5271000 t2019
chemi-mechanical pulp1 640.0171000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement14 5001000 t2017
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production19 420.977M US$2018
food, beverages and tobacco production29 998.954M US$2018
TOP

Trade


Tertiary sector
Foreign trade.
The trend of the balance of trade is traditionally negative. The main partners are the EU countries, the USA and China.


Main exports (M US$ - 2017)
cars 35 776, machinery 23 925, vehicles and parts thereof 19 730, electrical and electronic equipment 16 677, iron and steel 14 428, apparel and accessories 13 751, petroleum products 13 734, 
fruit and vegetables 12 569, plastics 12 134, pharmaceuticals 11 348, 
chemicals 10 353, aircraft and parts thereof 6 496, meat 6 432, 
cosmetics and perfumes 4 561, olive oil 4 136, aluminium 4 043, 
paper 3 834, tyres 
and rubber articles 3 829, furniture and accessories 3 638, ceramic products 3 602, citrus fruits 3 588, fish 3 458


Finance and banking.
The system consists of major banking groups (BBVA and Santander) and a network of smaller savings banks. In the past, the banking sector obtained huge public aid: the EU bailout plan ended in 2014. A stock exchange is active in Madrid.

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures66.65% of goods exports2019
food products16.424% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France48 194M US$2020
Germany33 805M US$2020
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany39 010M US$2020
China33 510M US$2020
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020306 995M US$ -
2019334 018M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020324 993M US$ -
2019372 750M US$ -
TOP

Tourism


Tourism. The country is among the top tourist destinations in the world, with about 83.7 million international visitors in 2019 and a production value equal to about 11% of the GDP. Its greatest attractions are the seaside resorts on the Mediterranean coast, the islands and its historic cities.

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures28 275M US$2019
Number of arrivals83 509 000units2019
TOP

Communications


Transport.
The railways network has been completely overhauled: the Spanish part of the European high-speed rail network is one of the most extensive in the world.
Air traffic is largely based on the airports of Madrid and Barcelona.


Media and telecommunication.
The Spanish telecom company Telefónica is very active on the international market and controls other providers in Germany, Ireland, the UK, Czech Republic, Slovakia and in South America.

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown520 300 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried88 237.21000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers334.139per 1000 pop.2019
Computers393.1per 1000 pop.2008
TOP

Social and welfare


Education, culture & research.
Primary and secondary education is free and compulsory between the ages of 6 and 11, and the ages of 12 and 15 respectively. Students can continue their studies at schools leading to technical specialization or other schools which prepare students for university.


Social security and health.
The national security system covers disability, illness, accidents at work and maternity. It also provides child allowance for disadvantaged families, retirement pensions and unemployment benefits.
The entire segment is subject to severe cuts, which are destroying its effectiveness. A large number of private operators work in the sphere of healthcare services. The legislation is particularly advanced: living wills were authorized in 2002 and euthanasia was legalized in 2021.

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling17.757years2018
Gradautes, percentage38.597%2019
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level3 043 396units2018
Students, secondary level3 371 069units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending41.984% of total expenses2019
Social protection spending24.669% of GDP2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.97per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians4.02per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.4% of adults2019
HIV, total0.3%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums1 481units2018
Museums, visitors65 400 000units2018
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending1.25% of GDP2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear4.1%2019
education1.5%2019
TOP