Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 505 948 sq km
Population: 46 551 452 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 92.01 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 44° - 36° N; long. 9° W - 4° E
Capital: Madrid (capital) 3 223 334 inhab. (2018); Madrid 6 345 000 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.891 (rank: 26)
Sovereign: King Felipe VI de Borbón, since 19 June 2014
Prime Minister: Pedro Sanchez (PSOE), since 2 June 2018
Congress of Deputies: seats based on the elections of 28 April 2019: PSOE (Spanish Socialist Workers' Party), 123; PP (People's Party, centre-right), 66; Ciudadanos (Citizens, centre), 57; Unidas Podemos (left-wing alliance), 42; VOX (far-right), 24; ERC (Republican Left of Catalonia), 14; PNV (Basque Nationalist Party), 6; Mixed Group, 18
Internet: www.ine.es (Instituto Nacional de Estadística)
Member of Council of Europe, EBRD, EU, NATO, OAS observer, OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO

Spain

España, Reino de España
Useful information

International license plate code E
International dialling code 0034
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .es

GMT Madrid +1; Canary Islands 0
DST Madrid +2; Canary Islands +1
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Madrid 14.2; Barcelona 15.4; Las Palmas (Canarie) 20.5; Santander 14.3; Siviglia 18.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Madrid 6/24.5; Barcelona 9/23; Las Palmas (Canarie) 18/22; Santander 9.5/19; Siviglia 10/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Madrid 11/5; Barcelona 9/4; Las Palmas (Canarie) 11/6; Santander 6/2; Siviglia 11/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Madrid 465; Barcelona 660; Las Palmas (Canarie) 204; Santander 1240; Siviglia 578
Days of rainfall (annual average) Madrid 94; Barcelona 70; Las Palmas (Canarie) 30; Santander 178; Siviglia 80

Politics and current affairs

Elections were called following the failure of Pedro Sanchez’s (PSOE) minority government to approve the 2019 budget, held on 28 April 2019. Sanchez’s Socialist Party came out on top, with 28.7% of the votes, though it did not reach the absolute majority needed to govern. The People’s Party fell to 16.7%, while the centrist Citizens (15.9%) surpassed the anti-establishment left-wing Podemos (14.3%). The extreme right Vox earned a place in Parliament for the first time (10.3%).
Against a backdrop of political fragmentation, negotiations began between PSOE and Podemos to form a centre-left executive. The European elections on 26 May 2019 strengthened Sanchez’ position, given that PSOE won this vote as well, becoming the top socialist party in Europe by number of seats (20). Negotiations with Podemos nonetheless fell apart on 25 July, and the country continues to be without an executive, running the risk of new elections.
Political events are interlinked with continued tensions regarding Catalonia. Although the secessionist leader - who fled abroad - Charles Puidgemont, was elected to the EU Parliament, his involvement in ongoing legal proceedings have made it difficult to say if he will participate; the current leader of Catalonia, Quim Torra, is embroiled in a trial for disobedience against the state.
The number of migrants to reach Spain doubled in 2018 (57 000) compared to 2017, while former Minister of Foreign Affairs Josep Borrell was nominated High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.

Geography.
Spain is bordered by France and Andorra to the north-east and Portugal to the west. The Mediterranean Sea lies off its east and south-east coast and the Atlantic Ocean off its south-west and north-west coast.
It comprises two archipelagoes: the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. The country is made up of a vast plateau, the Meseta Central, which slopes gently to the west with an average altitude of between 600 m and 1000 m. The Meseta is surrounded by the Cordillera Cantábrica and the Pyrenees to the north, the Sistema Ibérico to the east, and the Sierra Morena to the south. The highest mountains are in the Sistema Bético, to the south: Cerro Mulhacén, in the Sierra Nevada is 3482 m above sea-level. The most important rivers are the River Ebro, Miño, Duero, Tagus, Guadiana and the Guadalquivir. The climate is predominantly Mediterranean continental, except in the north (oceanic), and in the southern coast (subtropical arid).
The Balearic Islands comprise the islands of Majorca (3624 km²), Minorca (695 km²), Ibiza (570 km²), Formentera (81 km²), Cabrera and other minor islets. The Canary Islands, which are physically part of Africa, comprise the islands of Fuerteventura (1660 km²), Gran Canaria (1560 km²), Lanzarote (846 km²), Tenerife (2034 km²), La Palma (708 km²), La Gomera (370 km²), El Hierro (269 km²) and other minor islands.

Government


In 1975, Spain emerged from almost 40 years of dictatorship following the death of General Francisco Franco, who had been in power since the Civil War (1936-39).
The transition to democracy was guided by the moderate parties and the Spanish Socialist Workers Party, with the active support of the monarchy. The Constitution of 1978 entrusts legislative power to the Parliament (Las Cortes Generales), comprising the Congress of Deputies (350 members) and the Senate, both elected directly for four years (57 of the current 265 senators are appointed by the parliaments of the autonomous communities into which Spain is divided). The Prime Minister is elected by Parliament after being put forward by the King. The autonomous regions have a large amount of power: the 17 autonomous communities created in 1983 wield considerable power, to such an extent that Spain verges on having a federal structure.


Defence.
The army is completely professional. The Spanish police are called the Guardia Civil.


Justice.
According to the Criminal Code of 1996, the maximum jail sentence is 30 years, except in the case of life imprisonment.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force16%2015
Army58.3%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes4 927.7per 100 000 pop.2012
Homicides0.6per 100 000 pop.2017
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Madrid3 223 334inhab.2018
Barcelona1 620 343inhab.2018
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Madrid6 345 000inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate8.42017
Death rate9.12017
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total4 734 691units2018
Moroccans770 523units2018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Spanish44.9%2000
Catalonian28%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic67.5%2018
nonreligious/atheist26.8%2018


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Basque (Euskera)
Catalan (Catalá)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years15.3%2018
15-29 years15.1%2018


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Economy


Economic situation.
Following a 2.5% growth in 2018, above the Eurozone’s average for the fourth year, a slowdown to 2.1% is expected in 2019 and 1.9% in 2020 owing to more moderate consumption and investments. Unemployment should fall below 12.2% in 2020, the lowest level since 2008.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)103.64index2016
Balance of trade-42 878.3M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population22 806 800units2018
Active population, Females46.5%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate15.3%2018
Unemployment rate, Females51.9%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses229 324M LCU2018
Revenues212 948M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture4.2%2018
industry20.3%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.9%2018
industry24.2%2018
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation146.96BN LCU2018
International reserves70 633.2M US$2018
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Agriculture


Primary sector
Agriculture.
Spain ranks second in the EU for the amount of land devoted to agricultural activities. Technological innovations in the sector have allowed for a large increase in agricultural production. Fruit and vegetables are produced the most. The country is the top olive exporter in the world and the top producer of citruses in Western Europe.
The country’s abundant wine production isn’t at the levels of nearby France and Italy.
Livestock
and fishing.
Pastoralism
and rearing occupy most of the country’s farming lands. Sheep rearing is famous thanks to the precious wool of the Merino breed. Spanish rearing produces significant amounts of pork, beef and dairy products. There is a healthy fishing industry; the main ports are Vigo, Pasajes, Corunna, Huelva, Algeciras and Cadiz.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land34.05%2015
forests36.82%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley5 785.9441000 t2017
cereals, total16 660.3251000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes2 239.471000 t2017
roots and tubers, total2 297.8131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes223.151000 t2017
asparagus63.4331000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry19.6751000 t2017
beans, green163.6491000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes5 387.3791000 t2017
raisins1.51000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives6 549.4991000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.6491000 t2017
rapeseed153.6651000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hops0.711000 t2017
sugar beet3 292.751000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton153.5931000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow0.0191000 t2017
linseed0.0111000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hemp tow waste0.021000 t2017
hempseed0.831000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples587.0341000 t2017
apricots162.8721000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds255.5031000 t2017
hazelnuts10.4871000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits6 330.6261000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes4.5011000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados92.9361000 t2017
bananas421.3131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms159.0181000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley2 597.5271000 ha2017
maize333.6281000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes70.8781000 ha2017
sweet potatoes21000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes16.4031000 ha2017
cabbages5.9621000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry10.311000 ha2017
beans, green8.5091000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape939.2831000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive2 554.8291000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.2471000 ha2017
rapeseed95.8721000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hops0.571000 ha2017
sugar beet36.6711000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton69.5411000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow0.0181000 ha2017
linseed0.0131000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hemp tow waste0.011000 ha2017
hempseed0.141000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples30.551000 ha2017
apricots21.0021000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds633.5621000 ha2017
hazelnuts12.8061000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits294.2581000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes1.6651000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados11.8121000 ha2017
bananas9.0761000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.5351000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cork - t67 500t2003
timber17 565 6492017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle6 465.7471000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes6 465.7471000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs29 971.3571000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep15 963.1071000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats3 059.7311000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses140.9081000 heads2017
asses and mules250.2961000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds137 5201000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey32.1741000 t2014
Livestock - Silk farming
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
silk, raw0.0151000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter351000 t2014
cheese227.7691000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
corals4.1t2017
crustaceans and molluscs305 763.848t2017
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Minerals


Secondary sector
Minerals.
Spain has considerable and varied underground resources. The sector is dominated by industrial mineral and metal extraction. Pyrite deposits are immensely important, extending for 240 km, from Seville to south of Lisbon, as are lead minerals (Sierra Morena), zinc (Santander, Basque Country) and copper. Coal, oil and natural gas are also extracted.
Energy.
Despite large investments in renewable energy and the tax reduction of solar power decided in 2018, the country remains dependent on fossil fuels and diversified imports of oil and gas, which constitute the primary energy resources. Algeria is a major supplier of natural gas, which arrives via the Maghreb-Europe and Medgaz pipelines. Spain is the leading European importer through the LNG regasification terminals in Barcelona, Cartagena, Huelva, Bilbao, Sagunto, El Ferrol, El Musel.
About one fifth of Spanish electrical energy comes from seven nuclear power plants at Almaraz, Ascó, Vandellós, Cofrentes and Trillo. Pro-renewable energy policies have favoured the development of businesses active in the production of solar and wind energy. Spain boasts one of the most innovative and competitive energy sectors.
The top-ranking industry in the world for the production of renewable energy (Iberdrola) is Spanish and headquartered in Bilbao.
Industry.
Spanish industry has been largely modernized and is highly diversified. In addition to the traditional sectors of textiles, iron and steel and leather, new sectors such as electronics, information technology, engineering and food are also important.
The iron and steel industry is concentrated in five main areas: Vizcaya, Asturias, in eastern Spain, Catalonia which specializes in the production of special steels, and in Santander. The main products of the metalworking industry are aluminium, copper, lead, zinc and tin.
The main oil refineries are at Corunna, Bilbao, Castellón de la Plana, Escombreras, Palos de la Frontera, Puertollano, San Roque, Somorrostro, Tarragona and Tenerife.
The chemical industry is based in Catalonia. Rubber industry plants are differentiated (tyres are produced in Barcelona). Mechanical engineering plants are located in the major cities: Barcelona, Oviedo, Reinosa and Toledo (weapons) and Seville. The automobile industry is one of the most important sectors, contributing to almost 10% of the GDP with 13 plants currently active. Some of the biggest international companies operate in the country, including SPA and SEAT, as well as Daimler AG, Ford, Renault and Nissan. The principal shipyards are located at El Ferrol, Cartagena, Cadiz, Barcelona and Bilbao.
As regards the textile industry, the most important segment is cotton, which is widespread especially in Catalonia. In the food sector, sugar processing and the beer industry play an important role. The paper industry, ceramics and the glass industry are also widespread.

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal2 739.11000 t2018
coal, total2 739.11000 t2018
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copper581000 t2016
magnesite3301000 t2018
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barite31000 t2012
bentonite1001000 t2018
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
basalt1 4801000 t2016
diatomite501000 t2018
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold1 600kg2016
silver26 099kg2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal100 762.36M kWh2016
- other renew.67 304M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal47 2691000 kW2016
- other renew.31 461.31000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation258 589.36M kWh2016
total installed capacity105 907.31000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
alumina1 5701000 t2017
aluminium4101000 t2017
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes266 885no.2018
cars2 267 396no.2018
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners2 666 000no.2016
computers353 264no.2018
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen2 4711000 t2016
petrol8 639.91000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia403.91000 t2018
caustic soda224.31000 t2018
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets4 8321000 m²2016
cotton fabrics171.5M m²2018
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear98 772 416pairs2018
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley3 353.51000 t2014
cottonseed oil16.81000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes3 878.5M units2018
cigars1 584.2M units2018
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemical pulp1 260.651000 t2017
chemi-mechanical pulp1 699.51000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement15 0001000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production18 989.6M US$2016
food, beverages and tobacco production29 986.3M US$2016
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Trade


Tertiary sector
Foreign trade.
With a resumption in domestic consumption, the trading balance has returned to the traditional deficit. The main partners are EU countries, the US and China.


Main exports (M US$ - 2017) cars 35 776, machinery 23 925, vehicles and parts thereof 19 730, electrical and electronic equipment 16 677, iron and steel 14 428, apparel and accessories 13 751, petroleum 
products 13 734, fruit and vegetables 12 569, plastics 12 134, 
pharmaceuticals 11 348, chemicals 10 353, aircraft and parts thereof 6 496, meat 6 432, cosmetics and perfumes 4 561, olive oil 4 136, aluminium 4 043, paper 3 834, tyres and rubber articles 3 829, furniture and accessories 3 638, ceramic products 3 602, citrus fruits 3 588, fish 3 458


Finance and banking.
The system consists of major banking groups (BBVA and Santander) and a network of smaller savings banks. The banking sector has received huge public aid following the real estate crisis and based on an EU bank bailout, which ended in January 2014. A stock exchange is active in Madrid.

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures69.405% of goods exports2017
food products16.239% of goods exports2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France50 663M US$2018
Germany36 280M US$2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany47 296M US$2018
France40 681M US$2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018345 166M US$ -
2017319 531M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018388 044M US$ -
2017351 981M US$ -
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Tourism


Tourism. The country is among the top tourist destinations in the world, with about 81.8 million international visitors and a production value equal to 11% of the national GDP. Its greatest attractions are the seaside resorts on the Mediterranean coast, the islands and its historic cities.

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures22 321M US$2017
Number of arrivals81 786 000units2017
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Communications


Transport.
The railways network has been completely overhauled: the Spanish part of the European high-speed rail network is one of the most extensive in the world.
Air traffic is largely based on the airports of Madrid and Barcelona.


Media and telecommunication.
The Spanish telecom company Telefónica is very active on the international market and controls other providers in Germany, Ireland, the UK, Czech Republic, Slovakia and in South America.

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown520 300 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried71 908.51000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers312.244per 1000 pop.2017
Computers393.1per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare


Education, culture & research.
Primary and secondary education is free and compulsory between the ages of 6 and 11, and the ages of 12 and 15 respectively. Students can continue their studies at schools leading to technical specialization or other schools which prepare students for university.


Social security and health.
The national security system covers disability, illness, accidents at work and maternity. It also provides child allowance for disadvantaged families, retirement pensions and unemployment benefits.
The entire segment is subject to severe cuts, which are destroying its effectiveness. A large number of private operators work in the sphere of healthcare services. The legislation is particularly advanced: living wills were authorized in 2002 and in 2010 Andalusia legalized passive euthanasia.

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling17.9years2016
Gradautes, percentage36.4%2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level233 065units2016
Teachers, secondary level286 786units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending40.6% of total expenses2016
Social protection spending23.7% of GDP2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3per 1000 pop.2016
Physicians5.5per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.4% of adults2017
HIV, total0.3%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums1 521units2016
Museums, visitors59 909 098units2016
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending1.2% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear4.4%2017
education1.8%2017
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