Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 505 941 sq km
Population: 46 401 053 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 91.71 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 44° - 36° N; long. 9° W - 4° E
Capital: Madrid (capital) 3 182 981 inhab. (2017); Madrid 6 385 000 inhab. (2017), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.884 (rank: 27)
Sovereign: King Felipe VI de Borbón, since 19 June 2014
Prime Minister: Pedro Sanchez (PSOE), since 2 June 2018
Congress of Deputies: seats based on the elections of 26 June 2016: PP (Popular Party, centre-right), 137; PSOE (Spanish Socialist Workers' Party), 85; Unidos Podemos (left-wing alliance formed by Podemos, United Left and others), 71; Ciudadanos (Citizens, liberal centre), 32; ERC (Republican Left of Catalonia), 9; CDC (Democratic Convergence of Catalonia), 8; PNV (Basque Nationalist Party), 5; others, 3
Internet: www.ine.es (Instituto Nacional de Estadística)
Member of Council of Europe, EBRD, EU, NATO, OAS observer, OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO

Spain

España, Reino de España
Useful information

International license plate code E
International dialling code 0034
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .es

GMT Madrid +1; Canary Islands 0
DST Madrid +2; Canary Islands +1
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Madrid 14.2; Barcelona 15.4; Las Palmas (Canarie) 20.5; Santander 14.3; Siviglia 18.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Madrid 6/24.5; Barcelona 9/23; Las Palmas (Canarie) 18/22; Santander 9.5/19; Siviglia 10/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Madrid 11/5; Barcelona 9/4; Las Palmas (Canarie) 11/6; Santander 6/2; Siviglia 11/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Madrid 465; Barcelona 660; Las Palmas (Canarie) 204; Santander 1240; Siviglia 578
Days of rainfall (annual average) Madrid 94; Barcelona 70; Las Palmas (Canarie) 30; Santander 178; Siviglia 80

Politics and current affairs

In 2017-18, Spain experienced a complex period of political instability, owed to the conflict in Catalonia and the crisis involving Mariano Rajoy’s government. Following the separatists’ victory in the referendum on 1 October 2017, declared illegal by the Spanish courts, on 27 October, Parliament in Barcelona unilaterally declared Catalonia’s independence, fanning the flames of a constitutional conflict. The Spanish government reacted by appointing a commissioner to oversee the region, dissolving parliament and decreeing the arrest of political exponents of independence, accusing them of an insurrection. Some leaders who fled abroad, including the deposed president Charles Puidgemont, are at risk of extradition. Early elections in Catalonia on 21 December upheld the separatist majority. Having overcome the institutional deadlock following attempts to elect Puidgemont remotely, on 14 May 2018, Parliament elected Quim Torra as the new president of Catalonia.
Following a scandal regarding corruption and slush funds that involved several high-ranking members of the People’s Party, and the political pressures that derived from it, on 1 July 2018, a vote of no confidence was cast against Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy by the Congress of Deputies. At the same time, Congress elected Pedro Sánchez, a leader of the Socialist Workers’ Party, as his replacement, who took over as head of the government, backed by a new and mixed centre-left majority that revolves around the PSOE and Ciudadanos coalition.

Geography.
Spain is bordered by France and Andorra to the north-east and Portugal to the west. The Mediterranean Sea lies off its east and south-east coast and the Atlantic Ocean off its south-west and north-west coast. It comprises two archipelagoes: the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. The country is made up of a vast plateau, the Meseta Central, which slopes gently to the west with an average altitude of between 600 m and 1000 m. The Meseta is surrounded by the Cordillera Cantábrica and the Pyrenees to the north, the Sistema Ibérico to the east, and the Sierra Morena to the south. The highest mountains are in the Sistema Bético, to the south: Cerro Mulhacén, in the Sierra Nevada is 3482 m above sea-level. The most important rivers are the River Ebro, Miño, Duero, Tagus, Guadiana and the Guadalquivir. The climate is predominantly Mediterranean continental, except in the north (oceanic), and in the southern coast (subtropical arid).
The Balearic Islands comprise the islands of Majorca (3624 km²), Minorca (695 km²), Ibiza (570 km²), Formentera (81 km²), Cabrera and other minor islets. The Canary Islands, which are physically part of Africa, comprise the islands of Fuerteventura (1660 km²), Gran Canaria (1560 km²), Lanzarote (846 km²), Tenerife (2034 km²), La Palma (708 km²), La Gomera (370 km²), El Hierro (269 km²) and other minor islands.

Government


In 1975, Spain emerged from almost 40 years of dictatorship following the death of General Francisco Franco, who had been in power since the Civil War (1936-39).
The transition to democracy was guided by the moderate parties and the Spanish Socialist Workers Party, with the active support of the monarchy. The Constitution of 1978 entrusts legislative power to the Parliament (Las Cortes Generales), comprising the Congress of Deputies (350 members) and the Senate, both elected directly for four years (57 of the current 265 senators are appointed by the parliaments of the autonomous communities into which Spain is divided). The Prime Minister is elected by Parliament after being put forward by the King. The autonomous regions have a large amount of power: the 17 autonomous communities created in 1983 wield considerable power, to such an extent that Spain verges on having a federal structure.


Defence.
The army is completely professional. The Spanish police are called the Guardia Civil.


Justice.
According to the Criminal Code of 1996, the maximum jail sentence is 30 years, except in the case of life imprisonment.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force16%2015
Army58.3%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes4 927.7per 100 000 pop.2012
Homicides0.7per 100 000 pop.2015
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Madrid3 182 981inhab.2017
Barcelona1 620 809inhab.2017
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Madrid6 385 000inhab.2017
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate8.82016
Death rate8.82016
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total4 572 807units2017
Moroccans749 670units2017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Spanish44.9%2000
Catalonian28%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic71%2013
nonreligious/atheist25%2013


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Basque (Euskera)
Catalan (Catalá)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years15.4%2017
15-29 years15.1%2017


TOP

Economy


Economic situation.
The economy continues to grow beyond expectations (+3.1% in 2017; +2.6% expected in 2018), thanks to a trend in internal demand and exports. The value of the GDP exceeded has pre-crisis levels, while the unemployment rate should continue to drop to 14% in 2019.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)103.64index2016
Balance of trade-30 122M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population22 741 700units2017
Active population, Females46.5%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate17.2%2017
Unemployment rate, Females51.3%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses218 332M LCU2017
Revenues196 199M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture4.3%2017
industry20.1%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.9%2017
industry23.8%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation139.7BN LCU2017
International reserves69 400.2M US$2017
TOP

Agriculture


Primary sector
Agriculture.
Although just 10% of the land is considered excellent for farming, Spain ranks second in the EU for the amount of land devoted to agricultural activities. Technological innovations in the sector have allowed for a large increase in agricultural production. Fruit and vegetables are produced the most. The country is the top olive exporter in the world and the top producer of citruses in Western Europe. Despite the area dedicated to vineyards being the largest in the world, the country’s abundant wine production isn’t at the levels of nearby France and Italy.
Livestock
and fishing.
Pastoralism and rearing occupy most of the country’s farming lands. Sheep rearing is famous thanks to the precious wool of the Merino breed. Spanish rearing produces significant amounts of pork, beef and dairy products.
There is a healthy fishing industry; the main ports are Vigo, Pasajes, Corunna, Huelva, Algeciras and Cadiz.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land34.05%2015
forests36.82%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley7 979.591000 t2016
cereals, total21 491.221000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes2 096.4751000 t2016
roots and tubers, total2 117.3581000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes185.7961000 t2016
asparagus59.8811000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry10.7041000 t2016
beans, green173.1911000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes5 934.2391000 t2016
raisins1.51000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives6 559.8841000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts1.361000 t2016
rapeseed154.3521000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hops0.8091000 t2016
sugar beet3 240.0731000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton175.5081000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow0.0191000 t2016
linseed0.1741000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hemp tow waste0.0111000 t2016
hempseed0.0031000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples592.971000 t2016
apricots125.3351000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds202.3391000 t2016
hazelnuts15.3061000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits7 022.2711000 t2016
citrus fruits, nes13.6811000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados88.0111000 t2016
bananas378.121000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms197.011000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley2 800.6281000 ha2016
maize384.6081000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes64.0681000 ha2016
sweet potatoes0.7941000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes14.0251000 ha2016
cabbages4.6491000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry5.3531000 ha2016
beans, green8.981000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape920.1081000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive2 573.4731000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.4561000 ha2016
rapeseed75.511000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hops0.4441000 ha2016
sugar beet33.1681000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton61.7771000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow0.0171000 ha2016
linseed0.2491000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hemp tow waste0.011000 ha2016
hempseed0.0031000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples30.4281000 ha2016
apricots18.3531000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds544.5181000 ha2016
hazelnuts14.1971000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits363.7221000 ha2016
citrus fruits, nes2.6581000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados11.1591000 ha2016
bananas9.2471000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.5581000 ha2016
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cork - t67 500t2003
timber17 847 8602016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle6 257.0571000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes6 257.0571000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs29 231.5951000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep15 962.8921000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats3 088.0351000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses140.9641000 heads2016
asses and mules250.3751000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds142 8711000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey32.1741000 t2014
Livestock - Silk farming
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
silk, raw0.0151000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter351000 t2014
cheese227.7691000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
corals6.1t2016
crustaceans and molluscs272 962.805t2016
TOP

Minerals


Secondary sector
Minerals.
Spain has considerable and varied underground resources. The sector is dominated by industrial mineral and metal extraction. Pyrite deposits are immensely important, extending for 240 km, from Seville to south of Lisbon, as are lead minerals (Sierra Morena), zinc (Santander, Basque Country) and copper. Coal, oil and natural gas are also extracted. The extraction sector employees more than 30 000 people.
Energy.
Despite large investments in renewable energy, the country remains dependent on fossil fuels and diversified imports of oil and gas, which constitute the primary energy resources. Algeria is a major supplier of natural gas, which arrives via the Maghreb-Europe pipeline, inaugurated in 2011.
About one fifth of Spanish electrical energy comes from seven nuclear power plants at Almaraz (Cáceres), Ascó and Vandellós (Tarragona), Cofrentes (Valencia), Trillo (Guadalajara).
Pro-renewable energy policies have favoured the development of businesses active in the production of solar and wind energy. Spain boasts one of the most innovative and competitive energy sectors.
The top-ranking industry in the world for the production of renewable energy (Iberdrola) is Spanish and headquartered in Bilbao.
Industry.
Spanish industry has been largely modernized and is highly diversified. In addition to the traditional sectors of textiles, iron and steel and leather, new sectors such as electronics, information technology, engineering and food are also important.
The iron and steel industry is concentrated in five main areas: Vizcaya, Asturias, in eastern Spain, Catalonia which specializes in the production of special steels, and in Santander. The main products of the metalworking industry are aluminium, copper, lead, zinc and tin.
The main oil refineries are at Corunna, Bilbao, Castellón de la Plana, Escombreras, Palos de la Frontera, Puertollano, San Roque, Somorrostro, Tarragona and Tenerife.
The chemical industry is based in Catalonia. The rubber industry is concentrated at Villanueva y Geltrú, Manresa, Barcelona (tyres), Aranjuez and Torrelavega.
Mechanical engineering plants are located in the major cities: Barcelona, Oviedo, Reinosa and Toledo (weapons) and Seville. The automobile industry is one of the most important sectors, contributing to almost 10% of the GDP. The 13 plants currently active in the country produce 2.8 million cars annually, 80% of which are exported, making Spain second in the EU for automobile production. Some of the biggest international companies operate in the country, including SPA and SEAT, as well as Daimler AG, Ford, Renault and Nissan. The principal shipyards are located at El Ferrol, Cartagena, Cadiz, Barcelona and Bilbao. As regards the textile industry, the most important segment is cotton, which is widespread especially in Catalonia. In the food sector, sugar processing and the beer industry play an important role. The paper industry is concentrated in the Basque Provinces, in Catalonia and Valencia. Ceramics and the glass industry are also widespread.

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal2 7811000 t2017
coal, total2 7811000 t2017
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copper111.71000 t2015
magnesite3101000 t2017
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barite31000 t2012
bentonite1101000 t2017
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
basalt1 1001000 t2014
diatomite501000 t2017
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold1 800kg2015
silver40 000kg2015
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal115 070.1M kWh2015
- other renew.68 004M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal48 1651000 kW2015
- other renew.31 3741000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation265 489.1M kWh2015
total installed capacity106 7131000 kW2015
TOP

Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
alumina1 5701000 t2017
aluminium3501000 t2016
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes232 913no.2015
cars2 291 492no.2017
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners2 834 000no.2015
computers173 775no.2015
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen2 4911000 t2015
petrol8 639.91000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia8401000 t2016
caustic soda508.91000 t2015
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets4 7931000 m²2015
cotton fabrics176.9M m²2015
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear102 848 125pairs2015
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley3 353.51000 t2014
cottonseed oil16.81000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes19 302.3M units2015
cigars1 455.8M units2015
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemical pulp1 562.91000 t2016
chemi-mechanical pulp1 652.91000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement15 0001000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production19 660.2M US$2014
food, beverages and tobacco production34 981.9M US$2014
TOP

Trade


Tertiary sector
Foreign trade.
With a resumption in domestic consumption, the trading balance has returned to the traditional deficit. The main partners are EU countries, the US and China.


Main exports (M US$ - 2017) cars 35 776, machinery 23 925, vehicles and parts thereof 19 730, electrical and electronic equipment 16 677, iron and steel 14 428, apparel and accessories 13 751, petroleum 
products 13 734, fruit and vegetables 12 569, plastics 12 134, 
pharmaceuticals 11 348, chemicals 10 353, aircraft and parts thereof 6 496, meat 6 432, cosmetics and perfumes 4 561, olive oil 4 136, aluminium 4 043, paper 3 834, tyres and rubber articles 3 829, furniture and accessories 3 638, ceramic products 3 602, citrus fruits 3 588, fish 3 458


Finance and banking.
The system consists of major banking groups (BBVA and Santander) and a network of smaller savings banks. The banking sector has received huge public aid following the real estate crisis and based on an EU bank bailout, which ended in January 2014. A stock exchange is active in Madrid.

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures72.562% of goods exports2016
food products17.006% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France46 955M US$2017
Germany34 899M US$2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany43 896M US$2017
France37 616M US$2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017320 514.530M US$ -
2016290 053.625M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017350 636.286M US$ -
2016311 101.771M US$ -
TOP

Tourism


Tourism. The country is among the top tourist destinations in the world, with over 75.6 million international visitors and a production value equal to 11% of the national GDP. Its greatest attractions are the seaside resorts on the Mediterranean coast, the islands and its historic cities.

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures19 284M US$2016
Number of arrivals75 315 000units2016
TOP

Communications


Transport.
The railways network has been completely overhauled: the Spanish part of the European high-speed rail network is one of the most extensive in the world (about 3100 km in 2013). Air traffic is largely based on the airports of Madrid and Barcelona.


Media and telecommunication.
The Spanish telecom company Telefónica is very active on the international market and controls other providers in Germany, Ireland, the UK, Czech Republic, Slovakia and in South America.

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown520 300 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried71 908.51000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers312.244per 1000 pop.2017
Computers393.1per 1000 pop.2008
TOP

Social and welfare


Education, culture & research.
Primary and secondary education is free and compulsory between the ages of 6 and 11, and the ages of 12 and 15 respectively. Students can continue their studies at schools leading to technical specialization or other schools which prepare students for university.


Social security and health.
The national security system covers disability, illness, accidents at work and maternity. It also provides child allowance for disadvantaged families, retirement pensions and unemployment benefits.
The entire segment is subject to severe cuts, which are destroying its effectiveness. A large number of private operators work in the sphere of healthcare services. The legislation is particularly advanced: living wills were authorized in 2002 and in 2010 Andalusia legalized passive euthanasia.

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling17.9years2016
Gradautes, percentage35.7%2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level228 299units2015
Teachers, secondary level276 487units2015
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending40.5% of total expenses2016
Social protection spending24.6% of GDP2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3per 1000 pop.2016
Physicians3.8per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.4% of adults2016
HIV, total0.3%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums1 522units2014
Museums, visitors58 418 342units2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending1.19% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear4.4%2016
education1.9%2016
TOP