Form of Government: Republic
Area: 20 273 sq km
Population: 2 066 880 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 101.95 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 47° - 45° N; long. 13° - 17° E
Capital: Ljubljana (capital) 280 940 inhab. (2018);
Currency: euro (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.89 (rank: 25)
President: Borut Pahor (SD), since 22 December 2012, re-elected 12 November 2017
Prime Minister: Marjan Šarec (LMŠ), elected 17 August 2018, in office since 13 September 2018
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 3 June 2018: SDS (Slovenian Democratic Party, conservative), 25; LMŠ (List of Marjan Šarec, centre-left), 13; SD (Social Democrats), 10; SMC (Modern Centre Party, liberal), 10; The Left, 9; NSi (New Slovenia), 7; DeSUS (Democratic Party of Pensioners), 5; SAB (Party of Alenka Bratušek), 5; Slovenian National Party, 4; Italian and Hungarian minorities, 2
Internet: www.stat.si (Statistical Office of the Rep. of Slovenia)
Member of Council of Europe, EBRD, EU, NATO, OAS observer, OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO

Slovenia

Slovenija, Republika Slovenija
Useful information

International license plate code SLO
International dialling code 00386
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .si

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Ljubljana 10.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Ljubljana 0/21
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Ljubljana 7/1
Annual average precipitation (mm) Ljubljana 1355
Days of rainfall (annual average) Ljubljana 118

Politics and current affairs

Borut Pahor was re-elected president on 12 November 2017, while in the subsequent parliamentary elections on 3 June 2018, no clear majority emerged. On 17 August, a centre-left coalition proposed Marjan Šarec as the new premier.

Geography.
Slovenia is bordered to the north by Austria, to the north-east by Hungary, to the south and south-east by Croatia and to the west by Italy. To the south-west it faces the Adriatic Sea. The country is mostly mountainous. The principal rivers are the Sava, the Drava and the Mura. The climate is alpine in the mountains and continental inland and Mediterranean on the strip of Mediterranean coastline.

Government


Formerly part of the Socialist republic of Yugoslavia, Slovenia declared itself an independent state on 25 June 1991 and was internationally recognized on the 15 January 1992. The declaration of independence created a serious military crisis, following the involvement of troops from Federal Yugoslavia. The crisis was, however, soon resolved with the withdrawal of federal troops in October 1991. Since the 1992 elections the government of Slovenia has alternated between representatives from right- and left-wing parties.
In the wake of corruption-related scandals and growing political instability, in 2014, Miro Cerar’s new liberal movement won the elections to lead the government.
The country joined the European Union on 1 May 2004 and adopted the Euro on 1 January 2007. On 21 December 2007 Slovenia became a Schengen country and the historic Italo-Slovenian border between the Italian city of Gorizia and the Karst Plateau was opened up. The dissolution of the former Yugoslavia left several questions unanswered between the different republics which had formed part of it. The dispute with Croatia over the border line in the Bay of Piran is still reason for tension after Croatia refused to apply the Hague’s arbitration verdict and despite mediation on the part of the European Commission.
According to the 1991 Constitution, the President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for a five-year term and can only be re-elected once. There are two houses of parliament: the National Assembly is made up of 90 members elected for four years (among which are representatives of the Italian and Hungarian minorities) and the Council of State which consists of 40 members elected for a five-year term by indirect suffrage (representing local organizations and social and economic institutions).
The President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister, who must be approved by the Parliament.


Defence and justice.
With the abolition of military service in 2003, Slovenian armed forces have become a professional army. The legal system is based on that of Continental Europe.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2015
Military expenditure0.9% of GDP2016
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes4 448.1per 100 000 pop.2012
Homicides1per 100 000 pop.2015
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Ljubljana280 940inhab.2018
Maribor94 642inhab.2018
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate9.92016
Death rate9.52016
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total114 438units2017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Slovene83.1%2002
other10.6%2002


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic57.8%2002
other27.4%2002


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Hungarian
Italian
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years13.3%2017
15-29 years15.3%2017


TOP

Economy


Economic situation.
Supported by internal demand (consumptions and private investments), growth remains strong at around 3.5-4%. In 2019, a further drop in unemployment is predicted.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)87.94index2016
Balance of trade2 425M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population1 026 500units2017
Active population, Females46.7%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.6%2017
Unemployment rate, Females53.7%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses11 393.7M LCU2017
Revenues11 326.7M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture5.5%2017
industry33.1%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.1%2017
industry33.1%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation5.4BN LCU2017
International reserves889.8M US$2017
TOP

Agriculture


Primary sector.
Agriculture is quite limited as there is little land appropriate for farming cereal crops, nevertheless potatoes, sugar beet and various fruits are grown (especially grapes). Livestock farming is reasonably well developed (cattle and pigs).

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land11.79%2015
forests61.96%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley91.6531000 t2016
cereals, total642.7911000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes84.8971000 t2016
roots and tubers, total101.3851000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asparagus0.2331000 t2016
cabbages21.6981000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry1.2191000 t2016
beans, green3.181000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes94.781000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives1.6621000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed8.591000 t2016
soybeans7.3871000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hops2.4781000 t2016
sugar beet2601000 t2008
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples59.5731000 t2016
apricots0.9611000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.0011000 t2016
hazelnuts0.1751000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms1.0631000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley19.1841000 ha2016
maize36.3881000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes3.1631000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.6191000 ha2016
carrots and turnips0.2581000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.6341000 ha2016
beans, green0.5341000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape15.8241000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive1.1731000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed3.1561000 ha2016
soybeans2.4661000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hops1.4851000 ha2016
sugar beet71000 ha2008
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples2.4161000 ha2016
apricots0.0681000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.0011000 ha2016
hazelnuts0.0921000 ha2016
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber5 381 3912016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle484.1921000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes484.1921000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs271.3851000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep109.4061000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats26.9591000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total22.9541000 heads2016
horses22.9541000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3 6041000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.4711000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter2.4131000 t2014
cheese16.9721000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs651t2016
freshwater fishes336.1t2016
TOP

Minerals


Secondary sector.
Lignite is the main mining resource. Approximately a third of Slovenia’s power comes from the Krško nuclear plant (shared with Croatia). Industry is quite varied, the main sectors are chemicals (sulfuric acid, caustic soda and tannin), metal-working (aluminium at Kidričevo, lead at Mežica, zinc at Celje), iron and steel (at Jesenice, Štore and Ravne) and machinery (at Novo mesto).
The most advanced and competitive sectors are telecommunications and pharmaceuticals. There are important paper mills and production of furniture, foodstuffs and textiles is noteworthy.

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal, total3 1681000 t2015
lignite3 1681000 t2015
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bentonite0.2321000 t2015
salt2.21000 t2015
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pumice351000 t2016
quartzite343.41000 t2015
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- nuclear5 372M kWh2015
- thermal4 517.64M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro1 1151000 kW2015
- thermal1 0681000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation14 194.64M kWh2015
total installed capacity3 3591000 kW2015
TOP

Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium851000 t2016
lead121000 t2015
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cars189 852no.2017
motor vehicles189 852no.2017
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
computers7 025no.2012
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen555.31000 t2015
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fertilizers1.21000 t2012
paints1941000 t2012
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cotton fabrics2.3M m²2012
cotton yarn1.21000 t2007
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear1 072 885pairs2015
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley200.41000 t2014
maize oil2.61000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemical pulp5.7021000 t2014
chemi-mechanical pulp851000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 1901000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production1 568.7M US$2013
food, beverages and tobacco production645.7M US$2013
TOP

Trade


Tertiary sector.
The main trading partners are Germany and Italy. There is a stock exchange in Ljubljana.


Main exports (M US$ - 2017) electrical and electronic equipment 3 477, machinery 3 118, cars 2 996, pharmaceuticals 2 770, iron and steel 1 638, vehicles and parts thereof 1 544, plastics 1 265, aluminium 1 024, furniture and accessories 900, petroleum products 893, timber 790, chemicals 680, paper 648, technical and electro-medical appliances 638, electric energy 410, dyes 395, tyres 336, tools and implements 267, cosmetics 266, synthetic and artificial fibres and yarns 261, toys and sports equipment 249, rubber articles 240, articles of base metal 240

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures84.865% of goods exports2016
fuels4.567% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany5 833M US$2017
Italy3 317M US$2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany4 817M US$2017
Italy4 066M US$2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201738 392.741M US$ -
201632 921.641M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201735 967.275M US$ -
201630 547.562M US$ -
TOP

Tourism


Tourism. The main attractions are the seaside resorts (Koper and Piran), winter sports resorts (Kranjska Gora), spas (Radenci and Rogaška Slatina) and karst cave system (Postojna).

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures1 126M US$2016
Number of arrivals3 032 000units2016
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown13 700 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 087.11000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers289.340per 1000 pop.2017
Computers425.1per 1000 pop.2008
TOP

Social and welfare


Education and research.
Education is compulsory and free between the ages of 6 and 15. In the Hungarian-Slovenian area education is bilingual, in the Slovenian-Italian area it can be either in Slovenian or in Italian.

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling17.2years2015
Gradautes, percentage30.7%2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level6 836units2015
Teachers, secondary level14 036units2015
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending36.1% of total expenses2015
Social protection spending23.8% of GDP2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.5per 1000 pop.2016
Physicians3per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV-0.1% of adults2016
HIV, total0.01%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums106units2013
Museums, visitors3 094 947units2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending2% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking96.17%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5.5%2016
education1.3%2016
TOP