Form of Government: Republic
Area: 49 035 sq km
Population: 5 443 120 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 111.01 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 50° - 48° N; long. 17° - 23° E
Capital: Bratislava (capital) 425 923 inhab. (2016);
Currency: euro (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.845 (rank: 40)
President: Andrej Kiska (independent), since 15 June 2014
Prime Minister: Peter Pellegrini (SMER), since 22 March 2018
National Council: seats (in July 2018): SMER (Direction-Social Democracy, centre left), 49; SaS (Freedom and Solidarity, centre-right), 20; OL'aNO (Ordinary People and Independent Personalities, conservative), 16; SNS (Slovak National Party), 15; Kotleba-L'SNS (People's Party, right-wing), 14; Most-Híd (party representing the Hungarian minority), 14; We Are Family (centre-right), 8; independents, 14
Internet: www.statistics.sk (Statistical Office of the Slovak Rep.)
Member of Council of Europe, EBRD, EU, NATO, OAS observer, OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO

Slovakia

Slovensko, Slovenská republika
Useful information

International license plate code SK
International dialling code 00421
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .sk

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Bratislava 10.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Bratislava -1/20.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Bratislava 9/1
Annual average precipitation (mm) Bratislava 665
Days of rainfall (annual average) Bratislava 98

Politics and current affairs

The most intense street protests since 1989 took place following the atrocious assassination of journalist Ján Kuciak and his fiancé in February 2018: Kuciak was investigating ties between the ‘ndrangheta and Slovakia’s government. Under pressure from some of his coalition partners, Prime Minister Robert Fico (SMER) resigned. A new government led by Peter Pellegrini (SMER) came into power on 22 March 2018. Fico nevertheless remains the real leader of the country.

Geography.
Slovakia is bordered to the north by Poland, to the east by the Ukraine, to the south by Hungary and to the west by Austria and the Czech Republic.
The country is mostly mountainous covering the Western Carpathians (the Beskids, the High Tatras and the Low Tatras), where the highest peak can be found (Mount Gerlach, 2655 m), and the southern foothills (the White Carpathians and the Slovak Ore mountains) which slope down towards the Slovakian lowlands and towards the River Danube. The main rivers are the Hornád, the Hron, the Nitra, the Váh and the Morava. The climate is continental with particularly harsh winters.

Government


The country became independent on 1 January 1993, following the mutually agreed separation of the two countries (Slovakia and the Czech Republic) which had together made up Czechoslovakia since 1918. The government was led by centre-right or independents until the centre-left’s (SMER) win in the 2006 general election; although the centre-left maintained the relative majority, following the 2010 elections, a mixed centre-right coalition came to power, but in the 2012 and 2016 elections, the centre-left reconfirmed its leadership.
On 1 May 2004, the country joined the European Union, and on 1 January 2009 it adopted the euro. It became a member of NATO in March 2004. In accordance with the 1992 Constitution, amended several times, the President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for a five-year term. The National Council comprises 150 members elected for four-year terms.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force24.9%2015
Army39.4%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes1 281.2per 100 000 pop.2016
Homicides1.1per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bratislava425 923inhab.2016
Košice239 141inhab.2016
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.62016
Death rate9.62016
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total69 695units2017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Slovak81.3%2016
Hungarian8.4%2016


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Roman Catholic62%2011
nonreligious/atheist13.4%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Hungarian and Czech minorities
Slovak (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years15.2%2017
15-29 years18%2017


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Economy


Economic situation.
Growth in 2018 remains strong, around 4%, thanks to internal demand and public investments, as well as an increase in exports in the automobile industry. Unemployment continues to drop.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)98.14index2016
Balance of trade1 340M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 754 700units2017
Active population, Females45.4%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate8.1%2017
Unemployment rate, Females46.9%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses20 999.1M LCU2017
Revenues19 887.7M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.7%2017
industry37.2%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.6%2017
industry34.3%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation12BN LCU2017
International reserves3 620.9M US$2017
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Agriculture


Primary sector.
Agriculture is largely concentrated in the western part of Slovakia, along the Danube. The main crops are wheat, barley, maize, potatoes and sugar beet. Livestock farming is also important (pigs and cattle).

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land29.14%2015
forests40.34%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley584.6021000 t2016
cereals, total4 847.5441000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes177.1451000 t2016
roots and tubers, total177.1451000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asparagus0.6191000 t2016
cabbages16.7891000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.1081000 t2016
beans, green0.0011000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes37.8321000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed430.5491000 t2016
soybeans92.4841000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mustard seed1.8711000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hops0.1891000 t2016
sugar beet1 506.9391000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow0.0871000 t2016
linseed2.3381000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples20.7221000 t2016
apricots0.2321000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hazelnuts01000 t2016
walnuts0.0091000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms2.0741000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley114.971000 ha2016
maize184.8111000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes8.2561000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.4571000 ha2016
carrots and turnips0.2181000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.0711000 ha2016
beans, green0.0021000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape8.7121000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed124.4891000 ha2016
soybeans34.8721000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mustard seed2.6071000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hops0.1411000 ha2016
sugar beet21.4811000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow0.0741000 ha2016
linseed1.8691000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples2.3111000 ha2016
apricots0.1551000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hazelnuts0.0011000 ha2016
walnuts0.1941000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber9 266 8682016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle457.5861000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes457.5861000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs633.1161000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep381.7241000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats36.3241000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total6.8661000 heads2016
horses6.8661000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds13 1591000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey4.081000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter6.8341000 t2014
cheese48.9991000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes2 816.85t2016
total catch4 035t2016
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Minerals


Secondary
sector.
Slovakia has some mineral deposits of magnesite, gold and gypsum. Sources of energy are rather scarce with some lignite, crude oil and natural gas. The country is connected with the Druzhba (from Russia) and Adria (from Croatia) oil pipeline networks. Over half of Slovakia’s electrical power is generated by four nuclear reactors at the Jaslovské-Bohunice and Mochovce power plants, with two more under construction.
With more than 2600 mid- and large-size companies, industry plays an important role in the country’s economy. The most important are the engineering, energy, chemical, mining and iron and steel industries, followed by the food industries (sugar and beer).
An oil refinery is active in Bratislava. Foreign investments are very important in the automobile industry (Volkswagen-Audi, PSA, Hyundai, Kia) in Bratislava, Trnava and Žilina, and the electronics industry, with Sony factories in Nitra and Samsung factories in Galanta. In 2018, Jaguar Land Rover will open a new automobile factory in Nitra.

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal, total1 9391000 t2015
lignite1 9391000 t2015
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
magnesite5701000 t2017
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asbestos0.21000 t2010
barite101000 t2015
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
basalt1001000 t2015
dolomite8191000 t2015
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold580kg2015
silver440kg2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- nuclear14 084M kWh2015
- thermal5 000.8M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 4961000 kW2015
- nuclear1 8141000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation24 985.8M kWh2015
total installed capacity7 1101000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium1731000 t2016
aluminium, primary1731000 t2016
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes73 762no.2015
cars1 001 520no.2017
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners26 000no.2015
TVs10 378 763no.2015
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen51000 t2012
petrol1 609.41000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia4681000 t2016
caustic soda65.51000 t2014
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets3 0751000 m²2015
cotton fabrics - t0.1741000 t2010
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear19 484 897pairs2015
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley2881000 t2014
fish, frozen0.2021000 t2013
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemical pulp693.91000 t2016
chemi-mechanical pulp698.51000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3 465.61000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production534.4M US$2013
food, beverages and tobacco production1 274.1M US$2013
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Trade


Tertiary sector.
The adoption of the Euro has reinforced the stability of the country and its ties with Western Europe. Several banks from other European countries are active in Slovakia.


Main exports (M US$ - 2017) cars 16 607, machinery 9 215, electrical and electronic equipment 6 561, vehicles and parts thereof 5 943, television receivers 5 905, iron and steel 5 899, telecommunications equipment 5 119, plastics 2 617, petroleum products 1 990, tyres 1 850, natural gas 1 700, furniture and accessories 1 672, aluminium 1 254, footwear 1 156, apparel and accessories 1 104, computers and accessories 1 060, precision and electro-medical instruments 942, timber 935, paper 917

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures90.013% of goods exports2016
food products3.878% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany17 426M US$2017
Czechia9 716M US$2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany13 854M US$2017
Czechia8 540M US$2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201784 578.153M US$ -
201677 559.818M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201783 237.877M US$ -
201675 508.511M US$ -
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Tourism


Tourism. The main centres are the ski stations in the Tatra Mountains, historic towns and thermal spas.

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures2 415M US$2016
Number of arrivals2 027 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown11 800 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried7.91000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers257.863per 1000 pop.2017
Computers580.8per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.8years2014
Gradautes, percentage22%2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level14 182units2015
Teachers, secondary level40 712units2015
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending33% of total expenses2015
Social protection spending18.2% of GDP2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds5.8per 1000 pop.2016
Physicians3.4per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV-0.1% of adults2016
Tuberculosis5.9per 100 000 pop.2016
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums111units2014
Museums, visitors4 238 075units2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.79% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking96.58%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear4%2016
education1.6%2016
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