Form of Government: Republic
Area: 728 sq km
Population: 4 044 200 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 5 555.22 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 1° N; long. 103° - 104° E
Capital: Singapore (capital) ;
Currency: Singapore dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.938 (rank: 11)
President: Halimah Yacob (PAP), elected 13 September 2017
Prime Minister: Lee Hsien Loong (PAP), since 12 August 2004
Internet: www.singstat.gov.sg (Statistics Singapore)
Member of APEC, ASEAN, Commonwealth, UN, WTO

Singapore

Useful information

International license plate code SGP
International dialling code 0065
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .sg

GMT  +8
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Singapore 27.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Singapore 26.5/28
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Singapore 6/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Singapore 2425
Days of rainfall (annual average) Singapore 181

Geography.
The island of Singapore lies on the tip of the Malacca peninsula, separated from it by the Straits of Johor. More than half of the land is occupied by the urban area of Singapore. The coastal areas are low lying and sandy. The climate is equatorial.

Government


A former British colony, it became self-governing in 1959 and in 1963 joined the Federation of Malaya. It became independent in 1965. The country is governed by the PAP (People’s Action Party) which has set up an authoritarian regime, at first led by the “founder of the nation” Lee Kuan Yew, then by his son Lee Hsien Loong. According to the 1959 Constitution, the President is elected by direct suffrage for six years, but has limited executive powers. The Prime Minister and the Government are accountable to the Parliament (93 members elected for 5 years, with the addition of 12 representing the opposition and up to 12 appointed members). The legal system is based on common law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force18.6%2015
Army69$%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes582per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides0.3per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Singapore - inhab. -
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate8.52020
Death rate5.22020
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chinese74.3%2020
Malay13.5%2020


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Buddhist33.3%2010
Christian18.3%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Chinese (official)
English (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years15.5%2020
15-29 years22.1%2020


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Economy


The economic structure of Singapore is well developed, based on services and well-made products. Dependent on exports, the country remains sensitive to variations in the market for high-level technological products. Singapore is one of the world’s largest ports, particularly in terms of container traffic, though even this area experiences the effects of trends in international traffic.
The country is headquarters to hundreds of multinational corporations in advanced sectors. Industry is well developed, especially in the machinery and transport sectors (shipbuilding), chemicals, petrochemicals, electronics, pharmaceutical and biotechnology. In addition to trading, banks and financial institutions play a major role. Singapore is also an important centre for tourism and conferences in Asia.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)114.81index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)112.47index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population3 511 945units2020
Active population, Females41.8%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.2%2020
Unemployment rate, Females43.8%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses124 732.2M LCU2020
Revenues79 682.3M LCU2020
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.7%2019
industry15.5%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.031%2019
industry25.809%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation184.49BN LCU2018
International reserves369 834.182M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.931%2018
forests22.468%2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0$1000 t2017
roots and tubers, total0.0161000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.7231000 t2019
cucumbers0.0011000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.1261000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0$1000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total0.0021000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.1311000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0$1000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0$1000 ha2013
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0371000 ha2019
cucumbers0.0021000 ha2014
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.0161000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0$1000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.0071000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber28 2712019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle0.1691000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes0.1691000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats0.7551000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3 7931000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
condensed milk202 641t2018
eggs28.661000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs919.667t2019
freshwater fishes593.112t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal49 491M kWh2019
- other renew.1 673M kWh2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal13 3571000 kW2018
- other renew.466.451000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation51 164M kWh2019
total installed capacity13 728.751000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
steel, crude7661000 t2019
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ships4 584G.T.2004
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen2 870.71000 t2018
petrol22 796.41000 t2014
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley1631000 t2018
fish, frozen22.71000 t2003
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper87$1000 t2019
paper87$1000 t2019
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production21 456.463M US$2018
food, beverages and tobacco production3 954.599M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures74.191% of goods exports2019
fuels12.263% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hong Kong31 234M US$2009
Malaysia30 913M US$2009
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States29 215M US$2009
Malaysia28 515M US$2009
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020362 534M US$ -
2019390 764M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020329 830M US$ -
2019359 266M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures26 606M US$2019
Number of arrivals15 119 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown397 000 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried43 050.71000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers259.117per 1000 pop.2019
Computers743.1per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling16.52years2018
Graduates65 312units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level233 553units2018
Students, secondary level166 709units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending5.586% of total expenses2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.8per 1000 pop.2019
Physicians3.5per 1000 pop.2019
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2019
HIV, total0.08%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums6$units2019
Museums, visitors3 687 000units2019
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending1.925% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear3.3%2007-08
education5.3%2007-08
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