Form of Government: Republic
Area: 724.2 sq km
Population: 3 994 300 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 5 515.47 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 1° N; long. 103° - 104° E
Capital: Singapore (capital) ;
Currency: Singapore dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.932 (rank: 9)
President: Halimah Yacob (PAP), elected 13 September 2017
Prime Minister: Lee Hsien Loong (PAP), since 12 August 2004
Internet: www.singstat.gov.sg (Statistics Singapore)
Member of APEC, ASEAN, Commonwealth, UN, WTO

Singapore

Useful information

International license plate code SGP
International dialling code 0065
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .sg

GMT  +8
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Singapore 27.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Singapore 26.5/28
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Singapore 6/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Singapore 2425
Days of rainfall (annual average) Singapore 181

Geography.
The island of Singapore lies on the tip of the Malacca peninsula, separated from it by the Straits of Johor. More than half of the land is occupied by the urban area of Singapore. The coastal areas are low lying and sandy. The climate is equatorial.

Government


A former British colony, it became self-governing in 1959 and in 1963 joined the Federation of Malaya. It became independent in 1965. The country is governed by the PAP (People’s Action Party) which has set up an authoritarian regime, at first led by the “founder of the nation” Lee Kuan Yew, then by his son Lee Hsien Loong. According to the 1959 Constitution, the President is elected by direct suffrage for six years, but has limited executive powers. The Prime Minister and the Government are accountable to the Parliament (89 members elected for five years, plus up to eighteen appointed members). The legal system is based on common law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force18.6%2015
Army69%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes582per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides0.3per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Singapore - inhab. -
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Population

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate8.82018
Death rate52018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chinese74.3%2018
Malay13.4%2018


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Buddhist33.3%2010
Christian18.3%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Chinese (official)
English (official)
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Economy


The economic structure of Singapore is well developed, based on services and well-made products. Dependent on exports, the country remains sensitive to variations in the market for high-level technological products.
Singapore is one of the world’s largest ports, particularly in terms of container traffic, though even this area experiences the effects of trends in international traffic.
The country is headquarters to hundreds of multinational corporations in advanced sectors. Industry is well developed, especially in the machinery and transport sectors (shipbuilding), chemicals, petrochemicals, electronics, pharmaceutical and biotechnology. In addition to trading, banks and financial institutions play a major role. Singapore is also an important centre for tourism and conferences in Asia.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)114.81index2016
Balance of trade41 994.5M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population3 310 065units2018
Active population, Females45.1%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate3.8%2018
Unemployment rate, Females48.5%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses79 489.4M LCU2018
Revenues85 433M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.5%2018
industry16.6%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.03%2017
industry24.78%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation184.49BN LCU2018
International reserves292 715.6M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.93%2015
forests23.06%2015
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava01000 t2017
roots and tubers, total0.0161000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.6751000 t2017
cucumbers0.0011000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.0911000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco01000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total0.0111000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.0531000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava01000 ha2017
sweet potatoes01000 ha2013
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0341000 ha2017
cucumbers0.0021000 ha2014
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.0121000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco01000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.0031000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber29 1972017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle0.1741000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes0.1741000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs274.0361000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats0.7351000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3 6421000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
condensed milk305 165t2014
eggs32.4881000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs885.264t2017
freshwater fishes291.359t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal47 083.66M kWh2016
- other renew.1 578M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal13 0921000 kW2016
- other renew.2541000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation48 661.66M kWh2016
total installed capacity13 3461000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
steel, crude5201000 t2016
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ships4 584G.T.2004
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen3 4321000 t2016
petrol22 796.41000 t2014
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley1201000 t2014
fish, frozen22.71000 t2003
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper871000 t2017
paper871000 t2017
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production14 948M US$2016
food, beverages and tobacco production3 055.3M US$2016
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures76.644% of goods exports2017
fuels13.122% of goods exports2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hong Kong31 234M US$2009
Malaysia30 913M US$2009
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States29 215M US$2009
Malaysia28 515M US$2009
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018412 629M US$ -
2017373 237M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018370 635M US$ -
2017327 689M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures24 543M US$2017
Number of arrivals13 903 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown397 000 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried37 679.91000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers257.565per 1000 pop.2017
Computers743.1per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling16.3years2016
Graduates63 177units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level15 734units2016
Teachers, secondary level15 384units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending8.9% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.1per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians3.4per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2017
HIV, total0.08%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums6units2018
Museums, visitors3 855 500units2018
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending2.2% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear3.3%2007-08
education5.3%2007-08
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