Form of Government: Republic
Area: 72 692 sq km
Population: 7 976 985 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 109.74 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 10° - 7° N; long. 13° - 10° W
Capital: Freetown 1 135 949 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: leone (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.452 (rank: 182)
President and head of government: Julius Maada Bio (SLPP), elected on 4 April 2018
House of Representatives: seats based on the elections of 7 March 2018: APC (All People’s Congress, socialist), 68; SLPP (Sierra Leone People’s Party), 49; others, 15
Internet: www.statistics.sl (Statistics Sierra Leone)
Member of AU, Commonwealth, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone, Republic of Sierra Leone
Useful information

International license plate code WAL
International dialling code 00232
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .sl

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Freetown 26.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Freetown 26.5/25.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Freetown 5/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Freetown 3159
Days of rainfall (annual average) Freetown 149

Geography.
Sierra Leone is bordered to the north and east by Guinea and to the south-east by Liberia. To the south and west, it lies on the Atlantic Ocean. A plain extends from the broken coastline inland towards a plateau, culminating in the Loma Mountains (1948 m). The climate is tropical with high temperatures and abundant rainfall on the coast.

Government


Formerly a British colony and protectorate, the country has been independent since 27 April 1961 within the Commonwealth; on 19 April 1971 Sierra Leone proclaimed itself a Republic. The government, formed by the People’s Congress (APC), kept a firm grip on the leadership of the country until 1992, when Valentine Strasser came to power after a coup d’état. Guerrilla warfare ensued, led by the Revolutionary United Front (RUF). Civil war only came to a conclusion in 2001, with the intervention of UN peace forces which stayed in the country until 2005. On the basis of the 1991 Constitution, executive power is in the hands of the President of the Republic, elected by direct suffrage for five years; the office of Prime Minister, reinstated in 2018, has coordination functions. Legislative power is exercised by a House of Representatives of 146 members, including 132 directly elected and 14 local chiefs for five-year term.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2017
Military expenditure0.735% of GDP2019
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides1.7per 100 000 pop.2015
Police personnel175.8per 100 000 pop.2008
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Freetown1 135 949inhab.2018
Kenema212 552inhab.2017
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Freetown1 135 949inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate32.8792019
Death rate11.5122019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Temne35$%2008
Mende31$%2008


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim78$%2010
Protestant13.6%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Krio
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years41.3%2020
15-29 years26.4%2020


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Economy


The main crops are cassava and rice; other crops include millet, maize and sweet potatoes; commercial crops include cocoa, coffee, peanuts and oil palm. Forests and ocean fishing are important activities (molluscs and shellfish).
Iron ore (in Lunsar and Koinadugu-Farangbaya) and diamond production (in the Kono, Kenema and Bo districts) is also considerable. The country is rich in rutile and ilmenite (in Bonthe), gold (at Baomahun, Komahun), bauxite (in the Mokanji Hills, in Kambia and at Port Loko).
Considerable hydrocarbon reserves are located offshore, the mining of which is managed by foreign companies. The oil extraction operations, mostly managed by foreign companies that also carry out prospecting in extensive offshore reserves, has fuelled strong economic growth since 2012. The main industries are those involved in the processing of agricultural and forest products. An oil refinery and a cement factory are active in Freetown. There is still a serious lack of infrastructure.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)194.78index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)104.56index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 717 389units2020
Active population, Females49.7%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate4.6%2020
Unemployment rate, Females40.7%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses7 742 000M LCU2019
Revenues6 666 000M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture54.9%2019
industry6.5%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture59.914%2019
industry5.774%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation3 009.146BN LCU2020
International reserves707.704M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land24.231%2018
forests35.666%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1 085.4991000 t2019
maize38.6851000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava4 588.6121000 t2019
roots and tubers, total4 770.0951000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tomatoes16.1731000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
broad beans, dry1.421000 t2019
peas, dry3.9821000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts106.3961000 t2019
sesame seed3.7031000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits257.2991000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts5.0841000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa14.6481000 t2019
coffee19.3161000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane79.3471000 t2019
tobacco0.0491000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total286.7411000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits113.5731000 t2019
citrus fruits, nes113.5731000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes24.6891000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize11.7261000 ha2019
millet35.6771000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava346.2661000 ha2019
sweet potatoes18.6751000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tomatoes1.8811000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
broad beans, dry1.5481000 ha2019
peas, dry4.6371000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts43.661000 ha2019
sesame seed7.2291000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit33.8261000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts5.2651000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa24.4281000 ha2019
coffee9.3981000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1.1371000 ha2019
tobacco0.1021000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits19.9681000 ha2019
citrus fruits, nes19.9681000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes6.5011000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber6 304 4482019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle583.5711000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes583.5711000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs251.3451000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep972.3391000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats795.8041000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total443.3281000 heads2019
horses443.3281000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds24 7791000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.5131000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs16.7771000 t2019
hides and skins3.0881000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs2 011t2019
freshwater fishes2 185t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bauxite1 8841000 t2019
ilmenite54.51000 t2018
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds5501000 ct2020
diamonds, industrial - ct1481000 ct2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro180M kWh2019
- thermal80$M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal77$1000 kW2018
- hydro60$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation259.94M kWh2018
total installed capacity175.271000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol62.31000 t2008
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap0.6341000 t2013
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear1 224 000pairs2006
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley20$1000 t2018
fish, frozen135.31000 t2009
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3251000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production75.44M US$2019
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products45.64% of goods exports2018
manufactures25.076% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Belgium142M US$2005
Germany28.8M US$2005
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany104M US$2005
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)61.5M US$2005
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020367M US$ -
2019619M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 256M US$ -
20191 576M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures61$M US$2018
Number of arrivals57 000units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 500 000km flown2004
Merchant fleet591units2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Daily newspapers4$per 1000 pop.2001
Internet users132.369per 1000 pop.2017
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling11.8years2007
Graduates6 236units2000
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level1 369 738units2018
Students, secondary level492 140units2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.4per 1000 pop.2006
Physicians0.03per 1000 pop.2011
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.6% of adults2019
HIV, total3.7%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking0.7%2019
Access to electricity22.7%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear7.7%2003-04
education3.1%2003-04
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