Form of Government: Republic
Area: 72 692 sq km
Population: 7 499 486 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 103.17 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 10° - 7° N; long. 13° - 10° W
Capital: Freetown 1 135 949 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: leone (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.419 (rank: 184)
President and head of government: Julius Maada Bio (SLPP), elected on 4 April 2018
House of Representatives: seats based on the elections of 7 March 2018: APC (All People’s Congress, socialist), 68; SLPP (Sierra Leone People’s Party), 49; others, 15
Internet: www.statistics.sl (Statistics Sierra Leone)
Member of AU, Commonwealth, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone, Republic of Sierra Leone
Useful information

International license plate code WAL
International dialling code 00232
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .sl

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Freetown 26.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Freetown 26.5/25.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Freetown 5/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Freetown 3159
Days of rainfall (annual average) Freetown 149

Politics and current affairs

J.M. Bio (SLPP) won the presidential elections on 4 April 2018, beating in the second round the candidate for the All People’s Congress, which maintained the majority in Parliament.

Geography.
Sierra Leone is bordered to the north and east by Guinea and to the south-east by Liberia. To the south and west, it lies on the Atlantic Ocean. A plain extends from the broken coastline inland towards a plateau, culminating in the Loma Mountains (1948 m). The climate is tropical with high temperatures and abundant rainfall on the coast.

Government


Formerly a British colony and protectorate, the country has been independent since 27 April 1961 within the Commonwealth; on 19 April 1971 Sierra Leone proclaimed itself a Republic. The government, formed by the People’s Congress (APC), kept a firm grip on the leadership of the country until 1992, when Valentine Strasser came to power after a coup d’état. Guerrilla warfare ensued, led by the Revolutionary United Front (RUF). Civil war only came to a conclusion in 2001, with the intervention of UN peace forces which stayed in the country until 2005.
On the basis of the 1991 Constitution, executive power is in the hands of the President of the Republic, elected by direct suffrage for five years; legislative power is exercised by a House of Representatives of 146 members, including 132 directly elected and 14 local chiefs for five-year term.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2017
Military expenditure0.7% of GDP2017
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides1.7per 100 000 pop.2015
Police personnel175.8per 100 000 pop.2008
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Freetown1 135 949inhab.2018
Kenema212 552inhab.2017
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Freetown1 135 949inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate34.42017
Death rate12.52017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Temne35%2008
Mende31%2008


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim78%2010
Protestant13.6%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Krio
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years41.7%2018
15-29 years26.4%2018


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Economy


The main crops are cassava and rice; other crops include millet, maize and sweet potatoes; commercial crops include cocoa, coffee, peanuts and oil palm. Forests and ocean fishing are important activities (molluscs and shellfish). Iron ore (in Lunsar and Koinadugu-Farangbaya) and diamond production (in the Kono, Kenema and Bo districts) is also considerable. The country is rich in rutile and ilmenite (in Bonthe), gold (at Baomahun, Komahun), bauxite (in the Mokanji Hills, in Kambia and at Port Loko).
Considerable hydrocarbon reserves are located offshore, the mining of which is managed by foreign companies. The oil extraction operations, mostly managed by foreign companies that also carry out prospecting in extensive offshore reserves, has fuelled strong economic growth since 2012. The main industries are those involved in the processing of agricultural and forest products. An oil refinery and a cement factory are active in Freetown. There is still a serious lack of infrastructure.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)194.78index2016
Balance of trade- 603.4M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 611 858units2018
Active population, Females50.5%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate4.3%2018
Unemployment rate, Females41.3%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses7 383 365M LCU2018
Revenues5 473 394M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture58.8%2018
industry5.7%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture61.6%2017
industry5.3%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1 983.6BN LCU2018
International reserves502.6M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land24.23%2015
forests42.17%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1 495.4191000 t2017
maize181000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava4 761.3851000 t2017
roots and tubers, total5 012.3461000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tomatoes18.5111000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
broad beans, dry1.4761000 t2017
peas, dry3.6751000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts65.6061000 t2017
sesame seed2.9811000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits211.2921000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts4.6331000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa14.671000 t2017
coffee35.721000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane77.9441000 t2017
tobacco0.0451000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total263.0371000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits108.2881000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes108.2881000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes22.1841000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize361000 ha2017
millet35.5991000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava378.3751000 ha2017
sweet potatoes53.7831000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tomatoes2.0231000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
broad beans, dry1.5161000 ha2017
peas, dry4.2621000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts63.921000 ha2017
sesame seed5.4571000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit27.4781000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts4.7791000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa40.5491000 ha2017
coffee13.6711000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1.1171000 ha2017
tobacco0.0971000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits18.9991000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes18.9991000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes7.0591000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber6 004 8802017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle7001000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes7001000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs50.8381000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep8701000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats9001000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total438.7941000 heads2017
horses438.7941000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds13 6001000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.611000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs11.811000 t2017
hides and skins3.4121000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs2 011t2017
freshwater fishes2 185t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bauxite1 3501000 t2016
ilmenite261000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds2301000 ct2018
diamonds, industrial - ct1101000 ct2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro220M kWh2016
- thermal80M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro561000 kW2016
- other renew.30.31000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation300M kWh2016
total installed capacity113.31000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol62.31000 t2008
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap0.6341000 t2013
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear1 224 000pairs2006
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley201000 t2014
fish, frozen135.31000 t2009
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3241000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production73.2M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products73.346% of goods exports2017
agricultural raw materials14.041% of goods exports2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Belgium142M US$2005
Germany28.8M US$2005
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany104M US$2005
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)61.5M US$2005
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018826M US$ -
2017639M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 429M US$ -
20171 301M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures37M US$2016
Number of arrivals55 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 500 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried50.21000 units2012
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Daily newspapers4per 1000 pop.2001
Internet users117.731per 1000 pop.2016
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling11.8years2007
Graduates6 236units2000
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level37 703units2017
Teachers, secondary level22 129units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.4per 1000 pop.2006
Physicians0.02per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.4% of adults2017
HIV, total3.7%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking0.99%2016
Access to electricity23.4%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear7.7%2003-04
education3.1%2003-04
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